Mana
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Mana

English

Petty Officer Shane Westbrook of the Royal New Zealand Navy leading the New Zealand Defence Force's Maori Cultural Group during a commemorative service on 8 August 2015 held to mark the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Chunuk Bair which took place during World War I at Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (now Turkey)

Pronunciation

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Particularly: "New Zealand"

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Maori mana, ultimately from Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun

mana (usually uncountable, plural manas)

  1. Power, prestige; specifically, a form of supernatural energy in Polynesian religion that inheres in things or people. [from 19th c.]
    • 1862 January 25, Thomas H. Smith, "No. 4: Second Report from T. H. Smith, Esq., R.M.", in Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives of New Zealand. From the Seventh Day of July to the Fifteenth Day of September, 1862 both Days Inclusive. In the Twenty-sixth Day of the Reign of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. Being the Second Session of the Third Parliament of New Zealand, Wellington: Printed by W. C. Wilson for the House of Representatives, at the printing office, Shortland Crescent, Auckland, OCLC 276727197, pages 10 and 12:
      [page 10] I have the honor to report, for the information of the Government, the result of my visit to Maketu and the Lake District, and the preliminary arrangements made for introducing the new system of Government for the Natives. [...] [page 12] They further required that a certain number of the old Chiefs should be liberally pensioned by the Government, and placed upon a footing of equality with European gentlemen of independent means, in consideration of their resigning their "mana" as Chiefs in favor of the new system; [...]
    • 1920, Edward Carpenter, Pagan and Christian Creeds, New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., page 61:
      The human tribe partakes of the mana or life-force of the animal, and is strengthened[].
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in 16th and 17th Century England, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, OCLC 71368859; republished London: Folio Society, 2012, OCLC 805007047, page 193:
      But in popular estimation their essential virtue derived from the personal mana of the sovereign.
    • 1999, Pat Hohepa, "My Musket, My Missionary and My Mana", in Alex Calder, Jonathan Lamb, and Bridget Orr, editors, Voyages and Beaches: Pacific Encounters, 1769-1840, Honolulu: University of Hawai?i Press, ->ISBN, page 197:
      It can be seen, therefore, that mana is a nonvisible changing measure; it can remain static, increase, or decrease, depending on the actions or inaction of the recipient, and it can be enhanced or diminished. [...] One can speak of the mana of a warrior, the mana of a woman leader, the mana of a child prodigy.
    • 2001 September, Aldo Matteucci, "Language and Diplomacy - A Practitioner's View", in Jovan Kurbalija and Hannah Slavik, editors, Language and Diplomacy, Malta: DiploProjects, Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies, University of Malta, ->ISBN, page 61:
      Among the Maori sovereignty was the result of mana--power based on hereditary rank and personal achievement. Manas could coexist and overlap, as they did in the medieval times in Europe.
    • 2012, Harold Hill, "Te Ope Whakaora, the Army that Brings Life: The Salvation Army and M?ori", in Hugh [Douglas] Morrison, Lachy Paterson, Brett Knowles, and Murray Rae, editors, Mana M?ori and Christianity, Wellington: Huia Publishers, ->ISBN:
      On a number of occasions in recent years apologies have been offered to M?ori because of past offences to their mana and invasions of their rights as tangata whenua.
  2. (fantasy role-playing games) Magical power.
    • 2003 May 20, "Bear", "Makes Lovely Julienne Ogres ...", in rec.games.roguelike.angband, Usenet[1], message-ID <3EC9C629.4DF117C@sonic.net>:
      [...] Teleporting from an open room where there were a dozen black orcs firing bows [...] landed me, low on mana and hitpoints, in a room full of gnome mages who instantly summoned four umber hulks and a xorn!
    • 2010, Ernest Adams, "Artifical Life and Puzzle Games", in Fundamentals of Game Design, 2nd edition, Berkeley, Calif.: New Riders, ->ISBN, page 580:
      Mana often grows in exponential proportion to population size, so as the population increases the player acquires vastly greater powers--a progression that god games share with spellcaster characters in role-playing games.

Translations

Etymology 2

Noun

mana (plural manas)

  1. Alternative form of mina ("ancient unit of weight or currency").

Etymology 3

Noun

mana (uncountable)

  1. Alternative spelling of manna.

Further reading

Anagrams


Bassa

Pronunciation

Noun

mana

  1. a blessing

Verb

mana

  1. to swallow

References


Bikol Central

Pronunciation

Noun

mana

  1. heirloom, inheritance, heritage

Verb

mana (infinitive magmana)

  1. to inherit

Blagar

Noun

mana

  1. place

References


Catalan

Pronunciation

Interjection

mana

  1. sorry, pardon (I did not hear you)

Synonyms

Verb

mana

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of manar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of manar

Czech

Etymology

From Late Latin manna

Noun

mana

  1. manna

Declension


Denya

Noun

màn?

  1. water

Further reading

  • Tanyi Eyong Mbuagbaw, The Denya Noun Class System, in the Journal of West African Languages

Fijian

Noun

mana

  1. sign, omen
  2. miracle, wonder (use cakamana to specify this meaning)
  3. antidote (use mana kina to specify this meaning)
  4. (biblical) manna

Adverb

mana

  1. so be it, let it be so (addressed to a heathen deity)

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'m?n?/, ['m?n?]
  • Rhymes: -?n?
  • Syllabification: ma?na

Etymology 1

Unknown. Possibly a back-formation of manala, which could then originate from maan alla ("under the ground"), but this is untenable if the proposed Samic cognates are correct (such as Southern Sami muonese ("(good or bad) spirit, omen")).

Noun

mana

  1. death, Death (personification of death)
Declension
Inflection of mana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative mana manat
genitive manan manojen
partitive manaa manoja
illative manaan manoihin
singular plural
nominative mana manat
accusative nom. mana manat
gen. manan
genitive manan manojen
manainrare
partitive manaa manoja
inessive manassa manoissa
elative manasta manoista
illative manaan manoihin
adessive manalla manoilla
ablative manalta manoilta
allative manalle manoille
essive manana manoina
translative manaksi manoiksi
instructive manoin
abessive manatta manoitta
comitative manoineen
Possessive forms of mana (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person manani manamme
2nd person manasi mananne
3rd person manansa
Synonyms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Maori mana.

Noun

mana

  1. mana
Declension
Inflection of mana (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative mana manat
genitive manan manojen
partitive manaa manoja
illative manaan manoihin
singular plural
nominative mana manat
accusative nom. mana manat
gen. manan
genitive manan manojen
manainrare
partitive manaa manoja
inessive manassa manoissa
elative manasta manoista
illative manaan manoihin
adessive manalla manoilla
ablative manalta manoilta
allative manalle manoille
essive manana manoina
translative manaksi manoiksi
instructive manoin
abessive manatta manoitta
comitative manoineen
Possessive forms of mana (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person manani manamme
2nd person manasi mananne
3rd person manansa

Anagrams


Hadza

Pronunciation

Noun

mana m

  1. a piece of meat

See also manako (meat), manabee (body), manae (to go to where there is meat)


Hawaiian

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun

mana

  1. religious power

Icelandic

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *man?n?. Possibly borrowed through Middle Low German or German mahnen ("to urge").

Verb

mana (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative manaði, supine manað)

  1. to dare (someone to do something)
Conjugation

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English mana, from Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun

mana n (genitive singular mana, no plural)

  1. (gaming, role playing) mana
Declension

Indonesian

Pronunciation

Adverb

mana

  1. where, which

Derived terms

Further reading


Irish

Etymology

From Old Irish manadh, from a Proto-Celtic derivative of Proto-Indo-European *men- ("to think"), the source of Latin moneo ("I advise, warn").[1]

Noun

mana m (genitive singular mana, nominative plural manaí)

  1. portent, sign
  2. attitude, outlook
  3. motto

Declension

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mana mhana not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

References

  1. ^ MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911) , "manadh", in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, ->ISBN, page 241

Italiot Greek

Noun

mana f

  1. mother

Japanese

Romanization

mana

  1. R?maji transcription of
  2. R?maji transcription of

Latin

Pronunciation

Verb

m?n?

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of m?n?

Latvian

Pronoun

mana

  1. genitive singular masculine form of mans
  2. nominative singular feminine form of mans
  3. vocative singular feminine form of mans

Verb

mana

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of man?t
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of man?t
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of man?t
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of man?t

Malay

Pronunciation

Adverb

mana (Jawi spelling ‎)

  1. where (incomplete without ke, di or dari)
  2. which (used with yang)

Usage notes

Only comes in the following form di mana ("at, in where"), ke mana ("to where") and yang mana ("which one").

Further reading


Maori

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun

mana

  1. power; mana
    • 2006, Joanne Barker, Sovereignty Matters, page 208:
      In 1979 a gathering of elders at the Waananga kaumatua affirmed te reo Maori "Ko te reo te mauri o te mana Maori" the language is the life principle of Maori mana.

Descendants

  • -> English: mana

Middle Norwegian

Etymology

From Middle Low German [Term?].

Verb

mana

  1. to encourage, urge

Descendants

References

  • "mana" in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Neapolitan

Etymology

Ultimately from Latin manus.

Noun

mana f

  1. hand

Northern Sami

Pronunciation

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /'mana/

Verb

mana

  1. inflection of mannat:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. imperative connegative

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Middle Norwegian mana, from Middle Low German [Term?].

Alternative forms

Verb

mana (present tense manar, past tense mana, past participle mana, passive infinitive manast, present participle manande, imperative man)

  1. to encourage, urge

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun

mana

  1. definite singular of man

References

  • "mana" in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Norse

Noun

mana

  1. indefinite genitive plural of m?n

Oromo

Noun

mana

  1. house

Pali

Alternative forms

Noun

mana m or n

  1. Interpretation of many of the inflectional forms of manas ("mind")
  2. vocative singular of manas

Portuguese

Noun

mana f (plural manas)

  1. (colloquial, familiar) sister

Quechua

Particle

mana

  1. not
  2. no

See also


Rapa Nui

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun

mana

  1. power
  2. divine authority

Sambali

Noun

mana

  1. heritage

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From Turkish mahana, a dialectic variant of Turkish behane from Persian (bahâne, "excuse"). Related to Macedonian (maana), Bulgarian (mahana), Albanian mahanë - all borrowed from Ottoman Turkish.

Pronunciation

Noun

mána f (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. flaw, fault, shortcoming
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Latin manna, from Ancient Greek (mánna), from Hebrew (m?n, "'manna").

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mâna/
  • Hyphenation: ma?na

Noun

m?na f (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. manna
Declension

Etymology 3

Borrowed from English mana, from Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mâna/
  • Hyphenation: ma?na

Noun

m?na f (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. mana
Declension

Spanish

Pronunciation

Verb

mana

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of manar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of manar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of manar.

Swedish

Etymology

From Low German manen, from Old Saxon manon, from Proto-Germanic *man?n?, cognate with Old English manian ("to remind").

Verb

mana (present manar, preterite manade, supine manat, imperative mana)

  1. to encourage or urge someone

Conjugation

See also


Tagalog

Pronunciation

Noun

mana

  1. heirloom, inheritance, heritage

Verb

mana (infinitive magmana)

  1. to inherit

Tahitian

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Noun

mana

  1. power
  2. respect given in accordance to power

Tongan

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *mana, from Proto-Oceanic *mana.

Pronunciation

Noun

mana

  1. miracle

Tunggare

Noun

mana

  1. water

References

  • C. L. Voorhoeve, 1975. Languages of Irian Jaya Checklist, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, p.120
  • Bill Palmer, editor (2018) The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide, Padua: De Gruyter Mouton, OCLC 1050042990

Turkish

Etymology

From Arabic ?(ma?nan) (plural: ?(manin)).

Noun

mânâ (definite accusative manay?, plural manalar)

  1. meaning

Declension

Inflection
Nominative mana
Definite accusative manay?
Singular Plural
Nominative mana manalar
Definite accusative manay? manalar?
Dative manaya manalara
Locative manada manalarda
Ablative manadan manalardan
Genitive manan?n manalar?n
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular manam manalar?m
2nd singular manan manalar?n
3rd singular manas? manalar?
1st plural manam?z manalar?m?z
2nd plural manan?z manalar?n?z
3rd plural manalar? manalar?
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular manay?m manalar?m
2nd singular manas?n manalars?n
3rd singular mana
manad?r
manalar
manalard?r
1st plural manay?z manalar?z
2nd plural manas?n?z manalars?n?z
3rd plural manalar manalard?r

Synonyms


Volapük

Noun

mana

  1. genitive singular of man

Xavante

Pronunciation

IPA(key): [mn]

Etymology

From Proto-Central Jê *mn ("tail, penis") < Proto-Cerrado *mbyn ("tail, penis") < Proto-Jê *mbyn ("tail").

Noun

Form of (utterance-medial variant)


Yawa

Noun

mana

  1. water

References

  • Andrew Pawley, Papuan Pasts: Cultural, Linguistic and Biological Histories of Papuan-Speaking Peoples (2005)

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