Man
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Man

English

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 Man (disambiguation) on Wikipedia

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English man, from Old English mann m ("human being, person, man"), from Proto-Germanic *mann- m ("human being, man"), probably from Proto-Indo-European *mon- ("man") (compare also *men- ("mind")). Cognate with West Frisian man c, Dutch man m, German Mann m ("man"), Norwegian mann ("man"), Old Swedish maþer m ("man"), Swedish man c, Russian  m anim (mu?, "husband, male person"), Avestan ?(manu?), Sanskrit  m (manu, "human being"), Urdu ?‎ m and Hindi ? m (m?nas).

Noun

man (plural men)

A man.
  1. An adult male human.
    The show is especially popular with middle-aged men.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, Henry V, act 4, scene 1:
      The king is but a man, as I am; the violet smells to him as it doth to me.
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314, page 0029:
      " [...] it is not fair of you to bring against mankind double weapons ! Dangerous enough you are as woman alone, without bringing to your aid those gifts of mind suited to problems which men have been accustomed to arrogate to themselves."
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:man.
  2. (collective) All human males collectively: mankind.
    • 2011, Eileen Gray and the Design of Sapphic Modernity: Staying In, p.109:
      Unsurprisingly, if modern man is a sort of camera, modern woman is a picture.
  3. A human, a person of either gender, usually an adult. (See usage notes.)
    every man for himself
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 2, act 4, scene 2:
      [...] a man cannot make him laugh.
    • 1611, Bible (KJV), Romans 12.17:
      Recompence to no man euill for euill.
    • 1624, John Donne, "17. Meditation", in Deuotions upon Emergent Occasions, and Seuerall Steps in My Sicknes: [...], London: Printed by A[ugustine] M[atthews] for Thomas Iones, OCLC 55189476, lines 2-3; republished as Geoffrey Keynes, John Sparrow, editor, Devotions upon Emergent Occasions: [...], Cambridge: At the University Press, 1923, OCLC 459265555, page 98:
      No man is an Iland, intire of it selfe; every man is a peece of the Continent, a part of the maine; [...]
    • c. 1700, Joseph Addison, Monaco, Genoa, &c., page 9:
      A man would expect, in so very ancient a town of Italy, to find some considerable antiquities; but all they have to show of this nature is an old Rostrum of a Roman ship, that stands over the door of their arsenal.
    • 1991 edition (original: 1953), Darell Huff, How to Lie with Statistics, pp.19-20:
      Similarly, the next time you learn from your reading that the average man (you hear a good deal about him these days, most of it faintly improbable) brushes his teeth 1.02 times a day—a figure I have just made up, but it may be as good as anyone else's - ask yourself a question. How can anyone have found out such a thing? Is a woman who has read in countless advertisements that non-brushers are social offenders going to confess to a stranger that she does not brush her teeth regularly?
  4. (collective) All humans collectively: mankind, humankind, humanity. (Sometimes capitalized as Man.)
    • 1647, Westminster Shorter Catechism, question 10:
      How did God create man?
      God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures.
    • 2013 July 20, "Old soldiers?", in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      Whether modern, industrial man is less or more warlike than his hunter-gatherer ancestors is impossible to determine. The machine gun is so much more lethal than the bow and arrow that comparisons are meaningless.
  5. (anthropology, archaeology, paleontology) A member of the genus Homo, especially of the species Homo sapiens.
    • 1990, The Almanac of Science and Technology ->ISBN, p.68:
      The evidence suggests that close relatives of early man, in lineages that later became extinct, also were able to use tools.
  6. (obsolete) A sentient being, whether human or supernatural.
    • c. 1500, A Gest of Robyn Hode, in the Child Ballads:
      For God is holde a ryghtwys man.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, Much Ado about Nothing, act 3, scene 5:
      God's a good man.
    • 1609, Ben Jonson, Epicoene, or The silent woman:
      Expect: But was the devil a proper man, gossip?
      As fine a gentleman of his inches as ever I saw trusted to the stage, or any where else.
  7. An adult male who has, to an eminent degree, qualities considered masculine, such as strength, integrity, and devotion to family; a mensch.
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island:
      He's more a man than any pair of rats of you in this here house [...]
    • 2011, Timothy Shephard, Can We Help Us?: Growing Up Bi-Racial in America ->ISBN, p.181:
      I had the opportunity to marry one of them but wasn't mature enough to be a man and marry her and be close to the [...] children and raise them [...].
  8. (uncountable, obsolete, uncommon) Manliness; the quality or state of being manly.
  9. A husband.
    • Book of Common Prayer:
      I pronounce that they are man and wife.
    • 1715, Joseph Addison, The Freeholder:
      In the next place, every wife ought to answer for her man.
  10. A lover; a boyfriend.
  11. A male enthusiast or devotee; a male who is very fond of or devoted to a specified kind of thing. (Used as the last element of a compound.)
    Some people prefer apple pie, but me, I'm a cherry pie man.
  12. A person, usually male, who has duties or skills associated with a specified thing. (Used as the last element of a compound.)
    I wanted to be a guitar man on a road tour, but instead I'm a flag man on a road crew.
  13. A person, usually male, who can fulfill one's requirements with regard to a specified matter.
    • 2007, Thriller: Stories to Keep You Up All Night ->ISBN, p.553:
      "She's the man for the job."
    • 2008, Soccer Dad: A Father, a Son, and a Magic Season ->ISBN, p.148:
      Joanie volunteered, of course -- if any dirty job is on offer requiring running, she's your man --
    • 2012, The Island Caper: A Jake Lafferty Action Novel ->ISBN, p.34:
      He also owns the only backhoe tractor on Elbow Cay, so whenever anyone needs a cistern dug, he's their man.
  14. A male who belongs to a particular group: an employee, a student or alumnus, a representative, etc.
    • 1909, Harper's Weekly, Vol.53, p.iii:
      When President Roosevelt goes walking in the country about Washington he is always accompanied by two Secret Service men.
    • 1913, Robert Herrick, One Woman's Life, p.46:
      "And they're very good people, I assure you -- he's a Harvard man." It was the first time Milly had met on intimate terms a graduate of a large university.
  15. An adult male servant.
  16. (historical) A vassal. A subject.
    Like master, like man.
    (old proverb)
    all the king's men
    • c. 1700s, William Blackstone:
      The vassal, or tenant, kneeling, ungirt, uncovered, and holding up his hands between those of his lord, professed that he did become his man from that day forth, of life, limb, and earthly honour.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      No matter how early I came down, I would find him on the veranda, smoking cigarettes, or otherwise his man would be there with a message to say that his master would shortly join me if I would kindly wait.
  17. A piece or token used in board games such as chess.
    • 1883, Henry Richter, Chess Simplified!, p.4:
      The white men are always put on that side of the board which commences by row I, and the black men are placed opposite.
  18. (MLE, slang) Used to refer to oneself or one's group: I, we; construed in the third person.
    • 2011, Top Boy:
      Sully: If it weren't for that snake ... Man wouldn't even be in this mess right now.
  19. A term of familiar address often implying on the part of the speaker some degree of authority, impatience, or haste.
    Come on, man, we've got no time to lose!
  20. A friendly term of address usually reserved for other adult males.
    Hey, man, how's it goin'?
  21. (sports) A player on whom another is playing, with the intent of limiting their attacking impact.
    • 2018 Dinny Navaratnam, Andrews will learn from experience: Fagan Brisbane Lions, 30 July 2018. Accessed 6 August 2018.
      "It was a brutal return to football for Brisbane Lions defender Harris Andrews as his man Tom Hawkins booted seven goals but Lions Coach Chris Fagan said the team's defensive faults, rather than the backman's, allowed the big Cat to dominate."
Usage notes
  • The use of "man" (compare Old English: mann, wer, w?f) to mean both "human (of any gender)" and "adult male", which developed after Old English's distinct term for the latter (wer) fell out of use, has been criticized since at least the second half of the twentieth century.[1] Critics claim that the use of "man", both alone and in compounds, to denote a human or any gender "is now often regarded as sexist or at best old-fashioned",[1] "flatly discriminatory in that it slights or ignores the membership of women in the human race".[2] The American Heritage Dictionary wrote that in 2004 75-79% of their usage panel still accepted sentences with generic man, and 86-87% accepted sentences with man-made.[3] Some style guides recommend against generic "man",[4] and "although some editors and writers reject or disregard [...] objections to man as a generic, many now choose instead to use" human, human being or person instead.[2]
    • This generic usage is still well-preserved in certain dialects, pidgins, and creoles of English, as well as fixed expressions and certain religious documents and declarations such as the Nicene Creed (e.g. "...for us men and our salvation..."). Consideration of this has often led to accusations of the critics of the generic man as enforcing linguistic prescriptivism.
  • See also the man
Synonyms
Coordinate terms
Derived terms
Terms derived from man (noun)
Translations

See man/translations § Noun.

See also

Adjective

man (not comparable)

  1. Only used in man enough

Interjection

man

  1. Used to place emphasis upon something or someone; sometimes, but not always, when actually addressing a man.
    Man, that was a great catch!
    • 2019 August 15, Bob Stanley, "'Groovy, groovy, groovy': listening to Woodstock 50 years on - all 38 discs", in The Guardian[1]:
      The 19 meandering minutes of Dark Star are attractive enough but, man, they go on, while poor Creedence Clearwater Revival - headliners, with Bad Moon Rising still in the charts - are watching the clock tick in the wings.
    • For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:man.
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English mannen, from Old English mannian, ?emannian ("to man, supply with men, populate, garrison"), from mann ("human being, man"). Cognate with Dutch bemannen ("to man"), German bemannen ("to man"), Swedish bemanna ("to man"), Icelandic manna ("to supply with men, man").

Verb

man (third-person singular simple present mans, present participle manning, simple past and past participle manned)

  1. (transitive) To supply (something) with staff or crew (of either sex).
    The ship was manned with a small crew.
  2. (transitive) To take up position in order to operate (something).
    Man the machine guns!
  3. (reflexive, possibly dated) To brace (oneself), to fortify or steel (oneself) in a manly way. (Compare man up.)
    • 1876, Julian Hawthorne, Saxon Studies:
      he manned himself heroically
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To wait on, attend to or escort.
  5. (transitive, obsolete, chiefly falconry) To accustom (a raptor or other type of bird) to the presence of people.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

References

Further reading

  • "man" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 188.

Anagrams


Abinomn

Noun

man

  1. moon

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch man, from Middle Dutch man, from Old Dutch man, from Proto-Germanic *mann.

Pronunciation

Noun

man (plural mans or manne)

  1. man
  2. husband

Albanian

Alternative forms

Etymology

Syncopated form of Gheg mand, from Proto-Albanian *manta. Compare Ancient Greek (bátos, "bramble"), said by Beekes to be a Mediterranean wanderwort, and (mantía, "blackberry") (Dacian loan).

Pronunciation

Noun

man m (indefinite plural mana, definite singular mani, definite plural manat)

  1. mulberry, mulberry tree

Hyponyms


Arigidi

Pronoun

man

  1. I, first person singular pronoun, as subject

References

  • B. Oshodi, The HTS (High Tone Syllable) in Arigidi: An Introduction, in the Nordic Journal of African Studies 20(4): 263-275 (2011)

Bagirmi

Noun

man

  1. water

References

  • R. C. Stevenson, Bagirmi Grammar (1969)

Bariai

Noun

man

  1. bird

References


Bonggo

Noun

man

  1. bird

References

  • George W. Grace, Notes on the phonological history of the Austronesian languages of the Sarmi Coast, in Oceanic Linguistics (1971, 10:11-37)

Chinese

Etymology

Borrowed from English man.

Pronunciation

Adjective

man

  1. (slang) manly; masculine
    • ?????,????????,??????man?,?? [MSC, trad.]
      ?????,????????,??????man?,?? [MSC, simp.]
      From: 2006, , ,
      Ér cóng sh?nm?i de ji?odù lái kàn, L? Lóngj? juéduì y? m?inánz? s?n ge zì wúyuán, dàn t? què y?u zh?ng h?n man de wèidào, x?y?n zhe n?rén de mùgu?ng [Pinyin]
      From the perspective of esthetics, Li Longji definitely has nothing to do with the word handsome, but he still has that hint of manliness, attracting women to look
    • ?????man?,????! [MSC, trad.]
      ?????man?,????! [MSC, simp.]
      From: 2007, , 36, page 155
      Rúgu? n? de t? shì h?n man de nánrén, nà jiù g?ngx? n? la! [Pinyin]
      If your "he" is a manly man, then congratulations!
    • ??MAN???? [MSC, trad.]
      ??MAN???? [MSC, simp.]
      From: 2010, , ?, page 15
      ruò gòu MAN jiù zhíshuài de shu?ch? n? jiùshì t?oyàn niángwèi de nánrén [Pinyin]
      If you're manly enough, then candidly pronounce that you don't like sissy men.
    • For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:man.

Chinook Jargon

Etymology

Borrowed from English man.

Noun

man

  1. man

Synonyms

Antonyms

Adjective

man

  1. male

Antonyms


Chuukese

Noun

man

  1. Alternative spelling of maan

Cimbrian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle High German man, from Old High German man, from Proto-Germanic *mann-. Cognate with German Mann, Dutch man, English man, Icelandic maður, Swedish man, Gothic (manna).

Noun

man m (Thirteen Communities)

  1. man
  2. husband

References

  • "man" in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Danish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse m?n, from Proto-Indo-European *mon- ("neck").

Pronunciation

Noun

man c (singular definite manen, plural indefinite maner)

  1. mane (longer hair growth on back of neck of a horse)
Declension
Related terms

Etymology 2

Same as mand ("man"), from Old Norse maðr ("man"). Transition to pronoun by German influence.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

man

  1. you
  2. they, people
  3. we, one

Etymology 3

See mane.

Pronunciation

Verb

man

  1. imperative of mane

Dutch

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology

From Middle Dutch man, from Old Dutch man, from Proto-Germanic *mann-.

Pronunciation

Noun

man m (plural mannen or man or mans, diminutive mannetje n or manneke n or manneken n)

  1. man, human male, either adult or age-irrespective
    De oude man en de zee.
    The Old Man and the Sea.
  2. husband, male spouse

Usage notes

  • The normal plural is mannen. The unchanged form man is used after numerals only; it refers to the size of a group rather than a number of individuals. For example: In totaal verloren er 5000 man hun leven in die slag. ("5000 men altogether lost their lives in that battle.") The plural mans is dated, now mostly occurring in nautical contexts or in dialect.
  • Compound words with -man as their last component often take -lieden or -lui in the plural, rather than -mannen. For example: brandweerman ("firefighter") -> brandweerlieden (alongside brandweerlui and brandweermannen).
  • Various alternative diminutives exist, including manneke (used especially in Flanders) and the dialectal mannechie.

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • Afrikaans: man

Anagrams


Faroese

Verb

man

  1. first/third-person singular present of munna
    I, he, she, it will / may

Conjugation

Derived terms

Pronoun

man

  1. (colloquial) one, they (indefinite third-person singular pronoun)

Synonyms


Friulian

Etymology

From Latin manus.

Noun

man m (plural mans)

  1. hand

Gaikundi

Noun

man

  1. foot

Further reading


Galician

Alternative forms

mao

Etymology

From Old Portuguese mão, from Latin manus. Compare Catalan , French main, Italian mano, Occitan man, Portuguese mão, Romanian mân?, Sardinian manu, Spanish mano.

Noun

man f (plural mans)

  1. hand

Usage notes

  • Man is a false friend, and does not mean man. Galician equivalents are shown in the "Translations" section of the English entry man.

German

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle High German man, from Old High German man, from Proto-Germanic *mann- ("man"), probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mon-. Originally the same word as Mann ("man"), which see for more. The same construct in Dutch men, French on.

Pronoun

man

  1. one, you (indefinite pronoun; construed as a third-person singular)
    Man kann nicht immer kriegen, was man will.
    You can't always get what you want.
    Manchmal muss man Kompromisse machen.
    Sometimes one must compromise.
    • 2008, Frank Behmeta, Wenn ich die Augen öffne, page 55:
      Kann man es fühlen, wenn man schwanger ist?
      Can one feel that one is pregnant?
  2. they, people (people in general)
    Zumindest sagt man das so...
    At least that's what they say...
  3. someone, somebody (some unspecified person)
  4. they (some unspecified group of people)
Usage notes
  • Man is used in the nominative case only; for the oblique cases forms of the pronoun einer are used. For example: Man kann nicht immer tun, was einen glücklich macht. -- One cannot always do what makes one happy.
  • Since man derives from the same source as Mann ("man; male"), its use is considered problematic by some feminists. They have proposed alternating man and the feminine neologism frau, or using the generic neologism mensch. This usage has gained some currency in feminist and left-wing publications, but remains rare otherwise.
  • In the sense of "someone," man is often translated using the passive voice ("I was told that..." rather than "someone told me that...").

Etymology 2

From Middle Low German man. A contraction of Old Saxon newan ("none other than"). Compare a similar contraction in Dutch maar ("only").

Adverb

man

  1. (colloquial, regional, Northern Germany) just; only
    Komm man hier rüber!
    Just come over here!
    Das sind man dreißig Stück oder so.
    These are only thirty or so.

German Low German

Etymology

From Middle Low German man. A contraction of Old Saxon newan ("none other than"). Compare a similar contraction in Dutch maar ("only").

Conjunction

man

  1. (in many dialects, including Low Prussian) only; but

Synonyms

  • (in various dialects) avers, awer (and many variations thereof; for which, see those entries)
  • (in some dialects) bloots

Gothic

Romanization

man

  1. Romanization of

Icelandic

Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Norse man, perhaps from Proto-Germanic *gaman? (with unstressed prefix *ga-).

Noun

man n (genitive singular mans, nominative plural mön)

  1. (obsolete, uncountable, collective) slaves
  2. (archaic, countable) a female slave
  3. (archaic or poetic, countable) maiden
Declension
Synonyms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From mana ("to dare [someone] [to do something]").

Noun

man n (genitive singular mans, no plural)

  1. the act of daring someone to do something; provocation, dare
Declension

Etymology 3

Appears in Guðbrandur Þorláksson's 1584 Bible translation. Borrowed from German Man (in Luther's 1534 German Bible), from Hebrew (m?n, "manna").

Noun

man n (indeclinable)

  1. (biblical, obsolete) manna
    • 1584, Guðbrandur Þorláksson (translator), "Exodus. Aunnur Bok Mose", in Biblia, Þad Er Øll Heilo?g Ritning vtlo?gd a Norrænu[2], Hólar: Jón Jónsson, chapter 16, verse 33, page 76:
      Og Moses segde til Aaron / Tak þier eina Føtu / og legg eirn Gomor fullan af Man þar i / og l?t þad vardueitast fyrer DROTTNI til ydar ep[t]erkomande Kynkuijsla
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Synonyms

Etymology 4

Verb

man

  1. first-person singular present indicative of muna; I remember
    Ég man ekki.
    I don't remember.
  2. third-person singular present indicative of muna; he/she/it remembers
    Hann man hvað gerðist.
    He remembers what happened.

References


Istriot

Etymology

From Latin manus.

Noun

man m

  1. hand

Japanese

Romanization

man

  1. R?maji transcription of
  2. R?maji transcription of

Kurdish

Verb

man

  1. to stay
  2. to remain

Ladin

Etymology

From Latin manus.

Noun

man f (plural mans)

  1. hand

Latvian

Pronoun

man

  1. to me; dative singular form of es

Ligurian

Etymology

From Latin manus.

Pronunciation

Noun

man f (plural moæn)

  1. hand

Lithuanian

Pronunciation

Pronoun

mán

  1. (first-person singular) dative form of a?.
    Duok man t? knyg?.
    Give me that book.

Luxembourgish

Pronunciation

Verb

man (third-person singular present meet, past participle gemat or gemeet, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (regional, southern dialects) Alternative form of maachen

Mandarin

Romanization

man

  1. Nonstandard spelling of m?n.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of mán.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of m?n.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of màn.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch man, from Proto-Germanic *mann-.

Noun

man m

  1. human
  2. person
  3. man, male
  4. husband
  5. subordinate

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

Further reading

  • "man", in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • "man (I)", in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English man ("one, a person").

Alternative forms

Pronoun

man

  1. Typically singular, indefinite pronoun: one, you (indefinite).
Derived terms
See also
References

Etymology 2

From Old English mann.

Noun

man

  1. Alternative form of mon

Miskito

Pronunciation

Pronoun

man

  1. (singular) you

See also


Norman

Norman Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nrm

Alternative forms

Etymology 1

From Old French main, mein, man, from Latin manus ("hand"), from Proto-Indo-European *mon-.

Noun

man f (plural mans)

  1. (France, anatomy) hand

Etymology 2

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Adjective

man (feminine ma)

  1. my (belonging to me)
Coordinate terms
  • tan ("your")
  • san ("hers, his, its")

North Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian m?n.

Pronoun

man m (feminine min, neuter min, plural min)

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) my

Northern Sami

Pronoun

man

  1. accusative/genitive singular of mii

Norwegian Bokmål

Pronunciation

Pronoun

man

  1. you
  2. one
  3. they
  4. people

Pronunciation

Noun

man f or m (definite singular mana or manen, indefinite plural maner, definite plural manene)

  1. a mane (of a horse)

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

man f (definite singular mana, indefinite plural maner, definite plural manene)

  1. mane (of a horse)

Occitan

Etymology

From Old Occitan man, from Latin manus.

Pronunciation

Noun

man f (plural mans)

  1. hand

Old Dutch

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *mann-, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mon-.

Noun

man m

  1. human, person
  2. man, male

Inflection

Derived terms

Descendants

Further reading

  • "man (I)", in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English

Etymology 1

From mann.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

man

  1. one, someone, they (often used to form the passive)
Descendants

Etymology 2

From Proto-Germanic *main?. Cognate with Old Saxon m?n, Old High German mein, Old Norse mein.

Pronunciation

Noun

m?n n

  1. crime, sin, wickedness
Derived terms

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *mann-, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mon-. Compare Old Saxon man, Dutch man, Old English mann, Old Frisian man, mon, Old Norse maðr, Gothic (manna).

Noun

man m

  1. man

Descendants


Old Occitan

Etymology

From Latin manus.

Noun

man f (oblique plural mans, nominative singular man, nominative plural mans)

  1. hand (anatomy)

Descendants

References


Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *mann-, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mon-. Compare Old English mann, Old Frisian man, mon, Old Dutch man, Old High German man, Old Norse maðr.

Noun

man m

  1. human, person
  2. man

Synonyms

Descendants

  • Middle Low German: man
    • German Low German: Mann

Papiamentu

Etymology

From Spanish mano.

Noun

man

  1. hand

Scottish Gaelic

Preposition

man

  1. Alternative form of mar

Usage notes

  • Unlike mar, man does not lenite the following word.

Spanish

Etymology

English

Noun

man m (plural men)

  1. (Latin America, colloquial) man, guy, dude

Sranan Tongo

Etymology

From English man.

Pronunciation

Noun

man

  1. man, male human

Derived terms


Swedish

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish maþer, mander, from Old Norse maðr, from Proto-Germanic *mann-, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mon-.

Pronunciation

Noun

man c

  1. man (adult male human)
    En man går på gatan.
    A man walks on the street.
    Ungefär hundra män deltog i loppet.
    Around one hundred men took part in the race.
  2. somebody's husband (not used in other contexts, where could be confused with a man in general, other than as äkta man, see also make, gemål)
    Vi går till caféet med våra män.
    We go to the café with our husbands.
  3. a member of a crew, workforce or (military) troop
    I äldre tider sa man att björnen ägde sju mans styrka men en mans vett.
    In older times, they said the bear has the strength of seven men but the sense of one man.
Declension

Definitions 1, 2 and 3:

Declension of man 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative man mannen män männen
Genitive mans mannens mäns männens

Definition 3:

Declension of man 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative man mannen mannar, man mannarna
Genitive mans mannens mannars, mans mannarnas

Usage notes

  • The unchanged plural man is sometimes used after numerals. It means "men" as a measure for size or strength of a group rather than individuals: Med tre man kan vi lyfta byrån - "With three people we can lift the cupboard." Military or police personnel, team members, demonstrators and the like are often counted using this unchanged plural. The same goes with German where Mann can have an unchanged plural form in this particular case.

Pronoun

man c

  1. (indefinite) one, they; people in general
    Vad man kan se
    What one can see
Declension

Etymology 2

From Old Swedish man, from Old Norse m?n, from Proto-Germanic *man?, from Proto-Indo-European *mono-, from Proto-Indo-European *men-.

Pronunciation

Noun

man c

  1. mane (of a horse or lion)
Declension
Declension of man 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative man manen manar manarna
Genitive mans manens manars manarnas

Tagalog

Adverb

man

  1. although; even if; even though
  2. also

Tarpia

Noun

man

  1. bird

References

  • George W. Grace, Notes on the phonological history of the Austronesian languages of the Sarmi Coast, in Oceanic Linguistics (1971, 10:11-37)

Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English man.

Noun

man

  1. man (adult male human)
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, 2:5:
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Adjective

man

  1. male
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Antonyms

Derived terms


Torres Strait Creole

Etymology

From English man.

Noun

man

  1. husband
  2. a married man
  3. any man

Venetian

Etymology

From Latin manus. Compare Italian mano.

Noun

man f (invariable)

  1. hand

Vietnamese

Etymology

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese ? ("ten thousand"; SV: v?n). Doublet of muôn and v?n.

Pronunciation

Numeral

man

  1. (archaic) ten thousand; myriad
    m?t man
    ten thousand

Derived terms

  • c? man ("a large quantity of")

Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from English man (compare Dutch: man, Swedish: man, Norwegian: mann, German: Mann, German Low German: Mann, Yiddish: ?(man, "man")).

Pronunciation

Noun

man (nominative plural mans)

  1. man (adult male human)

Declension

Coordinate terms

Derived terms


Welsh

Pronunciation

Noun

man m or f (plural mannau)

  1. place

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
man fan unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian man, from Proto-Germanic *mann-.

Pronunciation

Noun

man c (plural manlju or mannen, diminutive mantsje)

  1. man
    Coordinate term: frou
  2. husband
    Coordinate term: frou

Further reading

  • "man (I)", in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Westrobothnian

Etymology

From Old Norse meðan, from Proto-Germanic *medan?.

Pronunciation

Conjunction

m?n

  1. meanwhile, as long as, while, whilst
    tyst man jag s?f
    be quiet while I sleep

Alternative forms


Wik-Mungkan

Noun

man

  1. neck

Derived terms


Wolof

Pronunciation

Pronoun

man

  1. I (first-person singular subject pronoun)

See also


Yola

Noun

man

  1. man
  2. husband

Antonyms

References

  • J. Poole W. Barnes, A Glossary, with Some Pieces of Verse, of the Old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy (1867)

Zealandic

Etymology

From Middle Dutch man, from Old Dutch man, from Proto-Germanic *mann-.

Noun

man m (plural mannen)

  1. man
  2. husband

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