Mad
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Mad
See also: Mad, MAD, and mäd

English

Etymology

From Middle English mad, madde, madd, medd, from Old English ?em?dd, ?em?ded ("enraged"), past participle of ?em?dan, *m?dan ("to make insane or foolish"), from Proto-Germanic *maidijan? ("to change; damage; cripple; injure; make mad"), from Proto-Germanic *maidaz ("weak; crippled"; compare Old English gem?d ("silly, mad"), Old High German gimeit ("foolish, crazy"), Gothic ? (gamaiþs, "crippled")), from Proto-Indo-European *mey- ("to change"; compare Old Irish máel ("bald, dull"), Old Lithuanian ap-maitinti ("to wound"), Sanskrit (méthati, "he hurts, comes to blows")).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'mæd/
  • (Southern England, Australia) IPA(key): /'mæ:d/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æd

Adjective

mad (comparative madder, superlative maddest)

  1. Insane; crazy, mentally deranged.
    You want to spend $1000 on a pair of shoes? Are you mad?
    He's got this mad idea that he's irresistible to women.
    • Shakespeare
      I have heard my grandsire say full oft, / Extremity of griefs would make men mad.
  2. (chiefly US; UK dated + regional) Angry, annoyed.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 6, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      She was so mad she wouldn't speak to me for quite a spell, but at last I coaxed her into going up to Miss Emmeline's room and fetching down a tintype of the missing Deacon man.
    Are you mad at me?
  3. Wildly confused or excited.
    to be mad with terror, lust, or hatred
    • Bible, Jer. 1. 88
      It is the land of graven images, and they are mad upon their idols.
    • 1787: The Fair Syrian, R. Bage, p.314
      My brother, quiet as a cat, seems perfectly contented with the internal feelings of his felicity. The Marquis, mad as a kitten, is all in motion to express it, from tongue to heel.
  4. Extremely foolish or unwise; irrational; imprudent.
  5. (colloquial, usually with for or about) Extremely enthusiastic about; crazy about; infatuated with; overcome with desire for.
    Aren't you just mad for that red dress?
  6. (of animals) Abnormally ferocious or furious; or, rabid, affected with rabies.
    a mad dog
  7. (slang, chiefly Northeastern US) Intensifier, signifies an abundance or high quality of a thing; very, much or many.
    I gotta give you mad props for scoring us those tickets.   Their lead guitarist has mad skills.   There are always mad girls at those parties.
  8. (of a compass needle) Having impaired polarity.

Usage notes

Within Commonwealth countries other than Canada, mad typically implies the insane or crazy sense more so than the angry sense.

Within the United States and Canada, the word mad does generally imply anger rather than insanity, such usage is still considered informal. Furthermore, if one is described as "went mad" or having "gone mad", this will unquestionably be taken as denoting insanity, and not anger. Meanwhile, if one "is mad at" something or has "been mad about" something, it will be assumed that they are angered rather than insane. In addition, if the word is understood as being used literally, it will most likely be taken as meaning "insane". Also, in addition to the former, such derivatives as "madness", "madman", "madhouse" and "madly" purely denote insanity, irrespective of whether one is in the Commonwealth or in the United States.

Synonyms

Translations

Adverb

mad (not comparable)

  1. (slang, New England, New York and Britain, dialectal) Intensifier; to a large degree; extremely; exceedingly; very; unbelievably.
    He was driving mad slow.
    It's mad hot today.
    He seems mad keen on her.

Synonyms

Verb

mad (third-person singular simple present mads, present participle madding, simple past and past participle madded)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To be or become mad. [14th-19th c.]
    • 1852, Washington Irving, Tales from the Alhambra:
      The imperial Elizabetta gazed with surprise at the youthful and unpretending appearance of the little being that had set the world madding.
  2. (now colloquial US) To madden, to anger, to frustrate. [from 15th c.]
    • c. 1595, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of King Richard the Second, Act V Scene 5:
      This musick mads me, let it sound no more.
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy: [...], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970, partition I, section 2, member 4, subsection iv:
      He that mads others, if he were so humoured, would be as mad himself, as much grieved and tormented [...].

Derived terms

Terms derived from mad (all parts of speech)

Anagrams


Breton

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *mad, from Proto-Celtic *matis.

Adjective

mad

  1. good

Noun

mad

  1. goodness

Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology

From Old Norse matr.

Pronunciation

Noun

mad c (singular definite maden, not used in plural form)

  1. food.

Inflection

Derived terms

Noun

mad c (singular definite madden, plural indefinite madder)

  1. A slice of bread with something on top.

Usage notes

Very compound-prone; see for example ostemad or pølsemad.

Inflection

Derived terms


Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English ?em?dd, ?em?ded, the past participle of ?em?dan.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Adjective

mad (plural and weak singular madde, comparative madder, superlative maddyst)

  1. Mad, insane, deranged; not of sound mind.
  2. Emotionally overwhelmed; consumed by mood or feelings.
  3. Perplexed, bewildered; surprised emotionally.
  4. Irate, rageful; having much anger or fury.
  5. Idiotic or dumb; badly thought out or conceived
  6. (rare) Obstinate, incautious, overenthusiastic.
  7. (rare) Distraught, sad, unhappy.
  8. (rare) Scatterbrained or absent-minded.
Derived terms
Descendants
  • English: mad
  • Scots: mad
References

Etymology 2

Derived from the adjective.

Verb

mad

  1. Alternative form of madden

Old Irish

Pronunciation

Verb

mad

  1. third-person singular present/past subjunctive of masu

Palauan

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *mata, from Proto-Austronesian *maCa.

Noun

mad

  1. (anatomy) eye (organ), face, facial expression
  2. front; area, space or time in front of
    Medal a blik. - In front of my house.
    El mo er a medad. - In the future[1].
  3. aperture, access, entrance

Inflection

Notes

  1. ^ Literally, what extends beyond (in the direction of) our face.

References

  • mad in Palauan Language Online: Palauan-English Dictionary, at tekinged.com.
  • mad in Palauan-English Dictionary, at trussel2.com.
  • mad in Lewis S. Josephs; Edwin G. McManus; Masa-aki Emesiochel (1977) Palauan-English Dictionary, University Press of Hawaii, ->ISBN, page 139.

Welsh

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *mad, from Proto-Celtic *matis.

Pronunciation

Adjective

mad (feminine singular mad, plural mad)

  1. good
  2. lucky, fortunate
  3. suitable

Noun

mad m

  1. goodness

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
mad fad unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

mad
 



 



 
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