Lustro
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Lustro
See also: lustró and lustrò

Esperanto

lustro
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Pronunciation

Noun

lustro (accusative singular lustron, plural lustroj, accusative plural lustrojn)

  1. chandelier

Italian

Etymology 1

From lustrare.

Verb

lustro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lustrare

Adjective

lustro (feminine singular lustra, masculine plural lustri, feminine plural lustre)

  1. shiny
  2. glossy

Noun

lustro m (plural lustri)

  1. shine, gloss
  2. prestige

Etymology 2

From Latin lustr?m.

Noun

lustro m (plural lustri)

  1. five-year period; lustrum
Synonyms

Latin

Etymology 1

From lustrum ("a purificatory sacrifice").

Pronunciation

Verb

l?str? (present infinitive l?str?re, perfect active l?str?v?, supine l?str?tum); first conjugation

  1. I purify by means of a propitiatory sacrifice.
  2. I circle, move in a circle around. (because the priest offering such a sacrifice did so)
    • 9 CE, Ovid, Ibis 111-112:
      Exul inops err?s ali?naque l?mina l?str?s,
          exiguumque pet?s ?re tremente cibum.
      May you wander as a poor exile and go round others' thresholds,
          and ask with a trembling mouth for a bit of food.
  3. (military) I review, examine.
  4. (figuratively) (sun, moon etc.) I illuminate, make bright.
Conjugation
   Conjugation of l?str? (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present l?str? l?str?s l?strat l?str?mus l?str?tis l?strant
imperfect l?str?bam l?str?b?s l?str?bat l?str?b?mus l?str?b?tis l?str?bant
future l?str?b? l?str?bis l?str?bit l?str?bimus l?str?bitis l?str?bunt
perfect l?str?v? l?str?vist? l?str?vit l?str?vimus l?str?vistis l?str?v?runt, l?str?v?re
pluperfect l?str?veram l?str?ver?s l?str?verat l?str?ver?mus l?str?ver?tis l?str?verant
future perfect l?str?ver? l?str?veris l?str?verit l?str?verimus l?str?veritis l?str?verint
passive present l?stror l?str?ris, l?str?re l?str?tur l?str?mur l?str?min? l?strantur
imperfect l?str?bar l?str?b?ris, l?str?b?re l?str?b?tur l?str?b?mur l?str?b?min? l?str?bantur
future l?str?bor l?str?beris, l?str?bere l?str?bitur l?str?bimur l?str?bimin? l?str?buntur
perfect l?str?tus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect l?str?tus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect l?str?tus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present l?strem l?str?s l?stret l?str?mus l?str?tis l?strent
imperfect l?str?rem l?str?r?s l?str?ret l?str?r?mus l?str?r?tis l?str?rent
perfect l?str?verim l?str?ver?s l?str?verit l?str?ver?mus l?str?ver?tis l?str?verint
pluperfect l?str?vissem l?str?viss?s l?str?visset l?str?viss?mus l?str?viss?tis l?str?vissent
passive present l?strer l?str?ris, l?str?re l?str?tur l?str?mur l?str?min? l?strentur
imperfect l?str?rer l?str?r?ris, l?str?r?re l?str?r?tur l?str?r?mur l?str?r?min? l?str?rentur
perfect l?str?tus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect l?str?tus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present l?str? l?str?te
future l?str?t? l?str?t? l?str?t?te l?strant?
passive present l?str?re l?str?min?
future l?str?tor l?str?tor l?strantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives l?str?re l?str?visse l?str?t?rum esse l?str?r? l?str?tum esse l?str?tum ?r?
participles l?str?ns l?str?t?rus l?str?tus l?strandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
l?strand? l?strand? l?strandum l?strand? l?str?tum l?str?t?
Derived terms
Descendants
  • English: lustre
  • French: lustrer
  • Italian: lustrare
  • Spanish: lustrar

Etymology 2

From lustrum ("a brothel, whorehouse").

Pronunciation

Noun

lustr? m (genitive lustr?nis); third declension

  1. a vagabond, wanderer
Declension

Third-declension noun.

References

  • lustro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lustro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lustro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to scrutinise, examine closely: perlustrare, lustrare oculis aliquid
    • to review an army: recensere, lustrare, recognoscere exercitum (Liv. 42. 31)

Polish

Etymology

From Italian lustro ("shine, gloss").

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'lu.str?/
  • (file)

Noun

lustro n (diminutive lusterko)

  1. mirror

Declension

Synonyms

Derived terms

Further reading

  • lustro in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Verb

lustro

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of lustrar

Spanish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Latin lustrum, denoting a lavatory sacrifice after a quinquennial census, possibly cognate to lu? ("I wash, cleanse").

Noun

lustro m (plural lustros)

  1. lustrum; five-year period
Synonyms

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

lustro

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of lustrar.

Further reading


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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