Love
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Love
See also: Love, lové, lóve, løve, lóvé, and ?

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English love, luve, from Old English lufu, from Proto-Germanic *lub?, from Proto-Indo-European *lewb?- ("love, care, desire").

The closing-of-a-letter sense is presumably a truncation of With love or the like.

The verb is from Middle English loven, lovien, from Old English lufian ("to love"), from the noun lufu ("love"), see above.

Noun

love (countable and uncountable, plural loves)

  1. (uncountable) Strong affection.
    1. A profound and caring affection towards someone.
      A mother's love is not easily shaken.
      My husband's love is the most important thing in my life.
      • 1674, John Milton, Paradise Lost:
        He on his side / Leaning half-raised, with looks of cordial love / Hung over her enamoured.
      • 2014, S. Hidden, Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Mystical Perspectives on the Love of God (->ISBN)
    2. Affectionate, benevolent concern or care for other people or beings, and for their well-being.
      • 1864, Utilitarianism Explained and Exemplified in Moral and Political Government:
        The love of your neighbor as yourself, is expressly given as the definition and test of Charity,--not alms-giving--and this love is [...] the highest of all the Divine commands[.]
    3. A feeling of intense attraction towards someone.
      I have never been in love as much as I have with you.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
        The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; for, even after she had conquered her love for the Celebrity, the mortification of having been jilted by him remained.
    4. A deep or abiding liking for something; an enthusiasm for something.
      My love of cricket knows no bounds.
      • 2012, Philip Auerswald, The Coming Prosperity (->ISBN):
        For three decades, the average number of miles driven by US motorists increased steadily. Then, in 2007, that steady climb was suddenly halted. [...] What magic caused Americans to temper their longstanding love of the open road?
  2. (countable) A person who is the object of romantic feelings; a darling, a sweetheart, a beloved.
  3. (colloquial, Commonwealth of Nations) A term of friendly address, regardless of feelings.
    Hello love, how can I help you?
  4. A thing, activity, etc which is the object of one's deep liking or enthusiasm.
    • 1997 March, "Faces of Today's Black Woman", in Ebony, volume 52, number 5, page 96:
      But it wasn't until [Theresa M. Claiborne] went to ROTC training camp at the University of California at Berkeley that she discovered that flying was her first love. "Pilots talk about getting bit by the flying bug," she says. "I thought, This is heaven."
  5. (euphemistic) Sexual desire; attachment based on sexual attraction.
    • 2013, Ronald Long, Men, Homosexuality, and the Gods, Routledge (->ISBN), page 3:
      The prospect that their cherished Greeks would have countenanced, much less honored, a love between men that expressed itself carnally, however, was not so easily assimilated.
  6. (euphemistic) Sexual activity.
  7. An instance or episode of being in love; a love affair.
    • (Can we date this quote?), E. L. Todd, Then Came Absolution (->ISBN):
      Maybe it was just a summer love, something with no future.
  8. Used as the closing, before the signature, of a letter, especially between good friends or family members, or by the young.
  9. Alternative letter-case form of Love ("personification of love").
    • c. 1810,, Samuel Johnson (in The Works of Samuel Johnson):
      At busy hearts in vain love's arrows fly; [...]
  10. (obsolete) A thin silk material.
    • 1664, Robert Boyle, Experiments and Considerations Touching Colours, [...]
      Such a kind of transparency, as that of a Sive, a piece of Cyprus, or a Love-Hood.
  11. A climbing plant, Clematis vitalba.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb

love (third-person singular simple present loves, present participle loving, simple past and past participle loved)

  1. (usually transitive, sometimes intransitive, stative) To have a strong affection for (someone or something).
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter VI
      I wanted to take her in my arms and tell her how I loved her, and had taken her hand from the rail and started to draw her toward me when Olson came blundering up on deck with his bedding.
    • 2013 February 26, Pink and Nate Ruess, Just Give Me a Reason:
      Just give me a reason, / just a little bit's enough, / just a second we're not broken, just bent / and we can learn to love again.
    I love my spouse.   I love you!
  2. (transitive) To need, thrive on.
    Mold loves moist, dark places.
  3. (transitive) To be strongly inclined towards something; an emphatic form of like.
    I love walking barefoot on wet grass;  I'd love to join the team;  I love what you've done with your hair
  4. (usually transitive, sometimes intransitive) To care deeply about, to be dedicated to (someone or something).
    • John 3:16
      For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.
    • Matthew: 37-38
      You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, and your whole mind, and your whole soul; you shall love your neighbor as yourself.
    • 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, "The tao of tech", in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 27:
      The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about [...] offering services that let you [...] "share the things you love with the world" and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.
  5. (transitive) To derive delight from a fact or situation.
    I love the fact that the coffee shop now offers fat-free chai latte.
  6. (transitive, euphemistic) To have sex with (perhaps from make love).
    I wish I could love her all night long.
Conjugation
Antonyms
Derived terms
Terms derived from the noun or verb love
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also

Etymology 2

From Middle English loven, lovien, from Old English lofian ("to praise, exalt, appraise, value"), from Proto-Germanic *lub?n? ("to praise, vow"), from *lub? ("praise"), from Proto-Indo-European *lewb?- ("to like, love, desire"), *lewb?-.

Verb

love (third-person singular simple present loves, present participle loving, simple past and past participle loved)

  1. (transitive, obsolete or Britain dialectal) To praise; commend.
  2. (transitive, obsolete or Britain dialectal) To praise as of value; prize; set a price on.

Etymology 3

Said by some to be from the idea that when one does a thing "for love", that is for no monetary gain, the word "love" implies "nothing". The previously held belief that it originated from the French term l'oeuf ("the egg"), due to its shape, is no longer widely accepted, though compare the use of duck (reputed to be short for duck's egg) for a zero score at cricket.

Noun

love (uncountable)

  1. (racquet sports, billiards) Zero, no score.
    So that's fifteen-love to Kournikova.
    • 2013, Paul McNamee, Game Changer: My Tennis Life
      The next day Agassi came back from two sets to love down to beat Courier in five sets.
Translations

Anagrams


Czech

Pronunciation

Etymology

Borrowed from Romani love.

Noun

love f pl

  1. (slang) money

Synonyms

Noun

love m

  1. vocative singular of lov

Further reading

  • love in Kartotéka Novo?eského lexikálního archivu

Danish

Etymology 1

See lov

Pronunciation

Noun

love c

  1. indefinite plural of lov

Etymology 2

From Middle Low German l?ve.

Pronunciation

Noun

love c

  1. trust, faith
Related terms

Etymology 3

From Old Norse lofa.

Pronunciation

Verb

love (imperative lov, infinitive at love, present tense lover, past tense lovede, perfect tense har lovet)

  1. praise
  2. promise

Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

love

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of loven

Anagrams


French

Verb

love

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lover
  2. third-person singular present indicative of lover
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of lover
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of lover
  5. second-person singular imperative of lover

Anagrams


Friulian

Etymology

From Latin lupa, feminine of lupus. Compare Venetian lova, French louve.

Noun

love f (plural lovis)

  1. she-wolf

Related terms


Inari Sami

Numeral

love

  1. ten

Middle Dutch

Noun

l?ve

  1. dative singular of lof

Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old English lufu, from Proto-Germanic *lub?.

Pronunciation

Noun

love (plural loves)

  1. love

Descendants

  • English: love
  • Scots: luve, lufe

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse lofa.

Verb

love (imperative lov, present tense lover, simple past and past participle lova or lovet, present participle lovende)

  1. to praise

Verb

love (imperative lov, present tense lover, simple past lova or lovet or lovte or lovde, past participle lova or lovet or lovt or lovd, present participle lovende)

  1. to promise
    (as an adjective) det lovede land - the Promised Land

Related terms

References

  • "love" in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Verb

love (present tense lovar or lover, past tense lova or lovde, past participle lova or lovt or lovd, present participle lovande, imperative lov)

  1. Alternative form of lova

Romani

Noun

love

  1. plural of lovo
  2. money

Descendants

  • -> French: lové
  • -> Hungarian: lóvé
  • -> Russian: (lav)
  • -> Serbo-Croatian:
  • -> Slovak: lóve

Serbo-Croatian

Noun

love (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. vocative singular of lov

Verb

love (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. third-person plural present of loviti

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