Middle English , it ( > dialectal hit English hit ( " it " )), from Old English hit ( " it " ), from Proto-Germanic *hit ( " this, this one " ), from Proto-Indo-European , *?e- *?ey- ( " this, here " ). Cognate with West Frisian it ( " it " ), Saterland Frisian , et 't ( " it " ), Low German it ( " it " ), Dutch het ( " it " ), German es ( " it " ), Latin , cis . More at hic .
it ( subjective and objective , it reflexive and intensive , itself possessive determiner and pronoun )
The third-person singular personal pronoun that is normally used to refer to an inanimate object or abstract entity, also often used to refer to animals.
Put it over there.
Take each day as it comes. I heard the sound of the school bus - it was early today.
2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
It is not a pen. It is a book.
1993, Bruce Coville, Aliens Ate My Homework, pages 72-73:
"Oh, don't be silly. I am neither male nor female. I'm a farfel." [... ] " . Refer to me as an It it." "That seems pretty rude," I said nervously. "Not as rude as calling me a he or a she," it said.
A third-person singular personal pronoun used to refer to a child, especially of unknown gender.
She took the baby and held it in her arms.
1847, Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre, Chapter IV:
A child cannot quarrel with its elders, as I had done; cannot give its furious feelings uncontrolled play, as I had given mine, without experiencing afterwards the pang of remorse and the chill of reaction.
1859, Wilkie Collins, :
The Woman in White I could only encourage Mrs. Clements to speak next of Anne's early days [... ] "There was nobody else, sir, to take the little helpless creature in hand," replied Mrs. Clements. "The wicked mother seemed to hate it--as if the poor baby was in fault!--from the day it was born. My heart was heavy for the child, and I made the offer to bring it up as tenderly as if it was my own." "Did Anne remain entirely under your care from that time?" "Not quite entirely, sir. Mrs. Catherick had her whims and fancies about it at times, and used now and then to lay claim to the child, as if she wanted to spite me for bringing it up. 2005, Marcus Zusak, The Book Thief, part 10:
The sky was dripping. Like a tap that a child has tried its hardest to turn off but hasn't quite managed.
Used to refer to someone being identified, often on the phone, but not limited to this situation.
It's me. John. Is it her?
The impersonal pronoun, used without referent as the subject of an impersonal verb or statement. (known as the
dummy pronoun or weather it)
It is nearly 10 o'clock.
[read It's 10:45 ten-forty-five].
It's very cold today. It's lonely without you.
The impersonal pronoun, used without referent in various short
stick it out
live it up rough it
The impersonal pronoun, used as a placeholder for a delayed subject, or less commonly, object; known as the
dummy pronoun or, more formally in linguistics, a syntactic expletive. The delayed subject is commonly a to-infinitive, a gerund, or a noun clause introduced by a subordinating conjunction.
(with the infinitive clause headed by It is easy to see how she would think that. to see)
I find (with the noun clause introduced by it odd that you would say that. that)
(with the gerund It is hard seeing you so sick. seeing)
He saw to (with the noun clause introduced by it that everyone would vote for him. that) (with the noun clause introduced by It is not clear if the report was true. if)
All or the end; something after which there is no more.
Are there more students in this class, or is this ? it That's it--I'm not going to any more candy stores with you.
( chiefly derogatory , offensive ) A third-person singular personal pronoun used to refer to an animate referent who is transgender or is neither female nor male. ( obsolete ) Followed by an omitted and understood relative pronoun: That which; what.
1643, Thomas Browne, Religio Medici, II.2:
In briefe, I am content, and what should providence add more? Surely this is it [= it which] wee call Happinesse, and this doe I enjoy [...].
English's other subject and object pronouns
subject -- inanimate thing
dit (af) Albanian:
ai , (sq) ajo (sq) Amharic:
( su ) Arabic:
? (ar) m ( huwa ), ? (ar) f ( hiya ) Armenian:
(hy) ( da ) Azerbaijani:
o (az) Bashkir:
( ul ) Belarusian:
? n ( janó ), (be) n ( héta ) Bengali:
(bn) ( se ) Bouyei:
(bg) m ( toj ), (bg) f ( tja ), (bg) n ( to ) Burmese:
(my) ( su ) Catalan:
, (please verify) el (ca) m , (please verify) la (ca) f ( usually not translated ) Central Sierra Miwok:
Mandarin: ? (zh) ( t? ), ( classical ) ? (zh) ( zh? ), ( this ) ? , (zh) ? (zh) ( zhè, zhèi ), ( that ) ? (zh) ( nà, nèi ), ( used for animals, variant of ? ) ? (zh) ( t? ) Cornish:
ev , m hi f Czech:
to , (cs) ono (cs) , n on (cs) , m ona (cs) f Danish:
den (da) c det (da) n Dutch:
het (nl) ( for neutral nouns ), hij (nl) ( for gendered nouns ) Dyirbal:
not used in Dyirbal ( Dyirbal has no third-person pronoun ) Erzya:
( son ) Esperanto:
?i (eo) Estonian:
see , (et) too (et) Faroese:
tað n Finnish:
se (fi) French:
il (fr) , m elle (fr) , f ce (fr) , n ça (fr) n Georgian:
(ka) ( is ) German:
er (de) , m sie (de) , f es (de) n Greek:
(el) ( to ), ? (el) ( aftó ) (sometimes not translated), (el) ( toútos )
Ancient: ( subject pronouns are usually omitted, or a demonstrative is used: medial, proximal, and distal demonstratives: ) ( toûto ), ? ( tóde ), ( ekeîno ); ( Epic demonstratives: ) ( tó ), ? ( hó ) Greenlandic:
(he) ( ze ), ? (he) ( zot ) Hindi:
( he, she and it ) (hi) ( vah ), (hi) ( yah ) Hopi:
az (hu) Icelandic:
það (is) Ido:
ol , (io) olu (io) Interlingua:
lo , (ia) illo (ia) Irish:
sé (ga) m ( conjunctive ), é m ( disjunctive ), sí f ( conjunctive ), í f ( disjunctive ), ( predicate of copula )
ea Old Irish: ed Italian:
esso , (it) essa , (it) lo , (it) la (it) Japanese:
(ja) ( kore ), (ja) ( sore ), (ja) ( are ) Kannada:
( this thing ) (kn) ( idu ), ( that thing ) (kn) ( adu ) Karakhanid:
? ( ol ) Kazakh:
(kk) ( ol ) Khmer:
(km) ( vi? ) Korean:
(ko) ( igeot ), (ko) ( geugeot ), (ko) ( jeogeot ) Kyrgyz:
(ky) ( al ) Lao:
( man ) Latin:
id (la) Latvian:
tas (lv) , m t? (lv) f Lithuanian:
jis (lt) Low German:
German Low German:
et , (nds) het (nds) ( rare ) Middle Low German: it , n et n
please add this translation if you can Macedonian:
(mk) n ( toa ) Malay:
hu (mt) , m hi (mt) f Moksha:
( son ) Mongolian:
(mn) ( ter ), (mn) ( uun ), ? ( tuun ), (mn) ( ene ) Motu:
ia Northern Sami:
det (no) Novial:
, lu lum Old Church Slavonic:
( ono ) Old East Slavic:
n ( ono ) Old English:
hit , (ang) þæt (ang) Pashto:
(ps) ( ha?ë ), (ps) ( d? ) Persian:
(fa) ( u ), (fa) ( in ) Pipil:
, yaja yaha Pitjantjatjara:
( here ) , ngaa ( there ) , pala ( over there ) , nyara ( not visible ) palunya Polish:
to (pl) n Portuguese:
ele (pt) , m ela (pt) , f isso (pt) (often not translated) n Rapa Nui:
el (ro) Russian:
(ru) ( on ), ? (ru) ( oná ), ? (ru) ( onó ), ? (ru) ( éto ) Rusyn:
? ( onó ) Sardinian:
issu Scottish Gaelic:
e m ( non-emphatic ), esan m ( emphatic ), i f ( non-emphatic ), ise f ( emphatic ) Serbo-Croatian:
n Roman: ono (sh) n Shan:
please add this translation if you can Sicilian:
issu (scn) Sinhalese:
( ey? ), ( of animals ) ? (si) ( ? ), ( ?ka ) Slovak:
, ono to (sk) Slovene:
Lower Sorbian: wóno Spanish:
ello , (es) él , (es) ella , (es) eso , (es) lo (often not translated) (es) Swedish:
den (sv) , c det (sv) n Tajik:
? (tg) ( ü ), (tg) ( in ) Taos:
(tt) ( ul ) Thai:
(th) ( man ) Tigrinya:
(ti) ( n?su ) Turkish:
o (tr) Turkmen:
(uk) n ( vonó ), (uk) ( ce ) Urdu:
( vah ), ( yah ) Uyghur:
(ug) ( u ) Uzbek:
u (uz) Vietnamese:
nó (vi) Volapük:
on (vo) Welsh:
ef , m hi f West Frisian:
it (fy) White Hmong:
moom (wo) Yiddish:
( es ) Yámana:
, yin in Zhuang:
de ( also he or she ) Zulu:
yena class , 1 wona class , 3 lona class , 5 sona class , 7 yona class , 9 lona class 11 ?Xóõ: , èh ( emphatic ) , èh?è , ãh ( emphatic ) , ãh?ã ìh
dit (af) Arabic:
(ar) ( -hu ) Bulgarian:
? (bg) ( nego ), (bg) m or n ( go ) ( accusative case ), ? ( na nego ), ? (bg) ( nemu ), (bg) m or n ( mu ) ( dative case ), (bg) ( neja ), ? (bg) f ( ja ) ( accusative case ), ( na neja ), (bg) ( nej ), ? (bg) f ( ì ) ( dative case ) Burmese:
(my) ( su ) Chinese:
Mandarin: ? , (zh) ? (zh) ( zhè ), ? (zh) ( nà, nèi ), ? (zh) ( t? ), ? (zh) ( zh? ) Cornish:
'n , m 's f Czech:
toho , (cs) tomu , (cs) to (cs) Dutch:
het , (nl) er (nl) Esperanto:
?in (eo) Finnish:
sen (fi) ( in active clauses, accusative ), sitä (fi) ( in active clauses, partitive ), se (fi) ( in passive clauses, accusative ), sitä (fi) ( in passive clauses, partitive ) French:
le (fr) , m la (fr) , f ça (fr) German:
es (de) Greek:
(el) ( to )
Ancient: ( neuter personal pronoun, when referring to inanimate thing or neuter noun ) ? n ( autó ); ( medial, proximal, distal demonstratives: ) n ( toûto ), ? n ( tóde ), n ( ekeîno ); ( Epic demonstratives ) ( tó ), ? ( hó ); ( when referring to feminine noun: ) ( aut?n ), ( taút?n ), ? ( h?nde ), ? ( ekeín?n ), ( t?n ), ( h?n ); ( when referring to masculine noun: ) ( autón ), ( toûton ), ( tónde ), ? ( ekeînon ), ( tón ), ( hón ) Hebrew:
please add this translation if you can Hungarian:
az (hu) Ido:
ol , (io) olu (io) Irish:
é , m í
f Old Irish: , a- , id- , did- , d- , -i -it Italian:
lo (it) Japanese:
(ja) ( soré ) Korean: (ko) ( geugeot )
( man ) Latin:
id , (la) , illud hoc (la) Macedonian:
(mk) ( go ) ( short form ), ? (mk) ( nego ) ( long form ) Mongolian:
( üünijg ) Norwegian:
den (no) Novial:
, lu lum Old English:
hit , (ang) þæt (ang) Persian:
( u r? ) Pipil:
, ki- k- Portuguese:
o (pt) , m a (pt) f Russian:
? (ru) m or n ( jevó ) ( genitive case ), ? (ru) m or n ( jemú ) ( dative case ), ? (ru) m or n ( jevó ) ( accusative case ), (ru) m or n ( im ) ( instrumental case ), (ru) m or n ( njom ) ( prepositional case )
(ru) f ( jejó ) ( genitive case ), (ru) f ( jej ) ( dative case ), (ru) f ( jejó ) ( accusative case ), (ru) ( jéju ) / (ru) f ( jej ) ( instrumental case ), (ru) f ( nej ) ( prepositional case ) Slovak:
to (sk) Sorbian:
Lower Sorbian: jo Spanish:
le , (es) la , (es) lo , (es) ello , (es) eso (es) Swedish:
den (sv) , c det (sv) n Thai:
(th) ( man ) West Frisian:
it (fy) White Hmong:
yena class , 1 wona class , 3 lona class , 5 sona class , 7 yona class , 9 lona class , 11 bona class , 14 khona class 15/ 17 ?Xóõ: , èh ( emphatic ) , èh?è , ãh ( emphatic ) , ãh?ã ìh
subject of impersonal statement
(be) ( héta ) Catalan:
not used in Catalan Dutch:
het (nl) Faroese:
tað n Finnish:
not used in Finnish French:
ce (fr) German:
es (de) Greek: Ancient:
( third person verb without subject ) Hebrew:
please add this translation if you can Irish: sé (ga)
id , (la) , illud hoc (la) Novial:
not used in Novial Portuguese:
not used in Portuguese Russian:
? (ru) ( éto ) Spanish:
not used in Spanish Swedish:
det (sv) Ukrainian:
(uk) ( ce ) Zulu: khona class 17
impersonal pronoun, used without referent
impersonal pronoun, used as a placeholder
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
( obsolete ) its
1611, Authorized King James Version of the Bible, first edition, Leviticus 25:5:
That which groweth of it owne accord of thy haruest, thou shalt not reape, neither gather the grapes of thy Uine vndressed: for it is a yeere of rest vnto the land. ( replaced by "its" in the 1769 Oxford Standard Text )
it ( plural )
its One who is neither a
he nor a she; a creature; a dehumanized being.
1920, Herman Cyril McNeile, Bulldog Drummond Chapter 1
His master glanced up quickly, and removed the letter from his hands. "I'm surprised at you, James," he remarked severely. "A secretary should control itself. Don't forget that the perfect secretary is an it: an automatic machine--a thing incapable of feeling...." 1995, Neil Weiner, Sharon E. Robinson Kurpius, Shattered innocence (page 8)
Too often, children become an " it" in their homes and their humanness is devalued. The
person who chases and tries to catch the other players in the playground game of tag.
In the next game, Adam and Tom will be it... 2000, Katherine T. Thomas, Amelia M. Lee, Jerry R. Thomas, Physical education for children (page 464)
When there are only two children left who haven't been tagged, I will stop the game, and we will start over with those children starting as the Its.
( Britain , uncountable ) The game of tag.
Let's play it at breaktime.
( uncountable ) Sex appeal, especially that which goes beyond beauty.
1904, Rudyard Kipling, " Mrs Bathurst"
'Tisn't beauty, so to speak, nor good talk necessarily. It's just It. Some women'll stay in a man's memory if they once walked down a street 1927, Dorothy Parker:
And she had It. It, hell; she had Those.
( euphemistic ) Sexual activity.
1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, p. 14:
The great advantage of English public school life lies of course in the quality of tutelage it provides. Adrian had received a decent and broad English education in the area of his loins... He had quickly happened upon the truth which many lonely contemporaries would never discover, the truth that everybody, simply everybody, was panting for it and could, with patience, be shown that they were panting for it. So Adrian grabbed what was to hand and had the time of his life genitally--focusing exclusively on his own gender of course, for this was 1973 and girls had not yet been invented. caught them doing it A biological force that inhabits living beings, according to the vitalist approach of Georg Groddeck.
it ( not )
comparable ( colloquial ) Most fashionable.
2007 September, Vibe, volume 15, number 9, page 202:
Going away for the weekend and feel the need to profile en route? This is the " it" bag. 2010, David Germain, , Associated Press
Hilarious 'Kick-Ass' delivers bloody fun With Hit Girl, Moretz is this year's It Girl, alternately sweet, savage and scary.
Abbreviation of . Italy Abbreviation of . Italian ( language )
Proto-Turkic , *it *ït ( " canine " ).
it ( definite accusative , iti plural )
References Rodolfo Maruca Sosa, La nación charrúa (1957)
Proto-Turkic , *it .
References Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajins?ko-kryms?kotatars?kyj slovnyk [ Ukrainian - Crimean Tatar Dictionary] , Simferopol: Dolya,  ->ISBN
it ( triggers )
lenition ( Munster ) Contraction of .
i do ( " in your " ) Buail it phóca é. Put it in your pocket.
Irish preposition contractions
an ( " the sg " )
na ( " the pl " )
mo ( " my " )
do ( " your " )
a ( " his, her, their; which (present) " )
ár ( " our " )
ar ( " which (past) " ) (before consonant)
(present/future before vowel)
(past/conditional before vowel)
de ( " from " )
de na * desna
de mo * dem
de do *, ded * det
do ( " to, for " )
do na * dosna
do mo * dom
do do *, dod * dot
faoi ( " under, about " )
fara ( " along with, beside " )
i ( " in " )
, sa san
i mo * im
i do *, id * it
le ( " with " )
le mo * lem
le do *, led * let
ó ( " from, since " )
ó na * ósna
ó mo * óm
ó do *, ód * ót
trí ( " through " )
third-person singular present active indicative of e?
used to assign accentuation to expression
- it sevii especially
- it nekas nothing at all
- it nekur nowhere at all
- it nemaz not at all - it k? as if
Alternative form of het
Alternative form of hit
Alternative form of hit
Middle Low German
Old Saxon , from it Proto-Germanic .
( third person singular neuter nominative ) it ( third person singular neuter accusative ) it
Middle Low German personal pronouns
1st person singular
( ik ) ek
( mî , mê , mik ) mek ( mîn )
mîner 2nd person singular
( dî , dê , dik ) dek ( dîn )
dîner 3rd person singular
( hê , hî ) hie
, ?ne ( en , ?ne ) ?n
, ?me ( em , ?me ) en ( sîn )
n ( it )
( sê , sî , sie ) sü? , ?re ( ?r , ?rer )
?rer 1st person plural
( wî , wê ) wie
( uns , ûs , ös ) ü?sik ( unser )
ûser 2nd person plural
( gî , jê ) î
( jû , jûwe , û , jük ) gik ( jûwer )
ûwer 3rd person plural
( sê , sî ) sie
, em , öm ( jüm ; en , ehnen , ohnen ) öhnen , ?re ( ?r , ?rer )
For an explanation of the forms in brackets
Descendants Low German:
, et it Plautdietsch: et
For pronunciation and definitions of it - see (" ? one; each; every; etc."). (This character, it, is the form of Pe?h-?e-j? ?.)
Pronunciation ( Kautokeino ) (: key) /'ih(t)/
second-person singular present of ii
Alternative forms ( second-person singular form ) at
( second-person singular form ) (: key) /it/ ( third-person plural form ) (: key) /id/
second-person singular present indicative third-person plural present indicative
Old Saxon personal pronouns
, m? , me
unsik , eu , iu
, euwar , iuwer , iuwar , iuwero
Descendants Middle Low German: it Low German: et , it Plautdietsch: et
References Claus Stephani, Volksgut der Sathmarschwaben (1985)
Ottoman Turkish ( it ), from Old Turkic ?t ( ?t, " dog " ), from Proto-Turkic .
*?t, *?yt, *?t, *it
it ( definite accusative , iti plural )
( often derogatory ) dog ( derogatory ) , scoundrel detestable person, cur
Not historically derogatory, and still used as the primary term for "dog" in the countryside. Usually, if a dog is a stray or feral, it can be referred to as "it" as well. The more usual word is
, which is also pejorative and derogatory when used for a person.
second-person singular imperative of itmek ( " to push " )
Old Turkic ?t ( ?t, " dog " ), from Proto-Turkic .
*?t, *?yt, *?t, *it
it ( definite accusative , idi plural )
it ( plural )
( with a personal pronoun ) self; myself; yourself; himself; herself; itself; ourselves; themselves; emphasises the identity or singularity of the modified noun phrase
( literary ) second-person singular of i
Old Frisian , from hit Proto-Germanic .
(: key) /?t/ ( unstressed ) (: key) /(?)t/
it ( third-person singular neuter pronoun )
West Frisian personal pronouns
Further reading " it (I)", in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011
Old Frisian , from thet Proto-Germanic .
neuter singular of de
Chinese ( ? , "one"). Cognate with MC ?i?t? Thai ? ( èt ), Lao ? ( 'et ), Shan ( 'ét ), Ahom ? ( 'it ), Bouyei .
it ( old orthography )
rather than ngeih .