Information
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Information
See also: Information

English

Etymology

From Middle English informacion, enformacion, borrowed from Anglo-Norman informacioun, enformation, Old French information, from Latin ?nf?rm?ti? ("formation, conception; education"), from the participle stem of ?nform?re ("to inform"). Compare West Frisian ynformaasje ("information"), Dutch informatie ("information"), German Information ("information"), Danish information ("information"), Swedish information ("information").

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /nf?'men/
  • (US) IPA(key): /nf'men/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -en

Noun

information (usually uncountable, plural informations)

  1. That which resolves uncertainty; anything that answers the question of "what a given entity is".
  2. Things that are or can be known about a given topic; communicable knowledge of something. [from 14th c.]
    I need some more information about this issue.
  3. The act of informing or imparting knowledge; notification. [from 14th c.]
    For your information, I did this because I wanted to.
  4. (law) A statement of criminal activity brought before a judge or magistrate; in the UK, used to inform a magistrate of an offence and request a warrant; in the US, an accusation brought before a judge without a grand jury indictment. [from 15th c.]
  5. (obsolete) The act of informing against someone, passing on incriminating knowledge; accusation. [14th-17th c.]
  6. (now rare) The systematic imparting of knowledge; education, training. [from 14th c.]
  7. (now rare) The creation of form; the imparting of a given quality or characteristic; forming, animation. [from 17th c.]
  8. (computing) […] the meaning that a human assigns to data by means of the known conventions used in its representation.
  9. (Christianity) Divine inspiration. [from 15th c.]
  10. A service provided by telephone which provides listed telephone numbers of a subscriber. [from 20th c.]
  11. (information theory) Any unambiguous abstract data, the smallest possible unit being the bit. [from 20th c.]
  12. As contrasted with data, information is processed to extract relevant data. [from late 20th c.]
  13. (information technology) Any ordered sequence of symbols (or signals) (that could contain a message). [from late 20th c.]

Usage notes

  • The definition of information in the computing context is from an international standard vocabulary which, though formally accepted, is largely ignored by the computing profession.[1]

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Pages starting with "information".

Related terms

Translations

Further reading

References

  • information at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • information in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • information in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin informati?, informati?nis.

Noun

information c (singular definite informationen, plural indefinite informationer)

  1. (a piece of) information.

Inflection

Derived terms


French

Etymology

From Old French, borrowed from Latin informati?, informati?nem.

Pronunciation

Noun

information f (plural informations)

  1. (countable) piece of information; datum
    Cette information nous est parvenue hier soir.
  2. (plural only) news
    Tous les jours, il regarde la télé le midi pour suivre les informations.
  3. (uncountable) information
    Théorie de l'information.

Synonyms

Related terms

Further reading


Swedish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin informati?, informati?nis.

Pronunciation

Noun

information c

  1. information

Declension

Declension of information 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative information informationen informationer informationerna
Genitive informations informationens informationers informationernas

Related terms


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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