From Middle English eile, eyle, ei?le, from Old English e?l ("an ail; awn; beard of barley; mote"), from Proto-Germanic *agil? ("awn"). Cognate with German Egel, Achel.
- (obsolete) An ear of corn.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Ainsworth to this entry?)
ile (plural iles)
- Obsolete form of aisle.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of H. Swinburne to this entry?)
ile (plural iles)
- Obsolete form of isle.
- John Milton
- or spread his aerie flight / Upborn with indefatigable wings / Over the vast abrupt, ere he arrive / The happy Ile
ile (imperative il, infinitive at ile, present tense iler, past tense ilede, perfect tense har ilet)
- hurry, hasten
ile f (plural iles)
- Alternative spelling of île
Most likely from Ancient Greek (eileós, "colic"), from (eilé?, "I throng, press"), from Proto-Indo-European *wel- ("to turn, wind, round"), same source as with Old Armenian (gelum).
?le n (genitive ?lis); third declension
- (anatomy) intestines, guts
Third-declension noun (neuter, "pure" i-stem).
- ile in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- ile in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- ile in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- ile in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- ile in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
- the sole of the foot
Declension of ile (strong a-stem)
- how much, how many
Ile to kosztuje?
- How much is it?
Ile masz lat?
- How old are you?
- (literally, "How many years do you have?")
- (colloquial) how long
- Ile jeszcze b?d? ?y
- How long will I still live?
- Ile trwa cia?
- How long does pregnancy last?
declension of ile
||singular and plural
- ile in Wielki s?ownik j?zyka polskiego, Instytut J?zyka Polskiego PAN
- ile in Polish dictionaries at PWN
- Mi class inflected form of -le.
- N class inflected form of -le (singular only).
Arkadamla dar? ç?k?yorum. - I am going out with my friend.
Müsadenizle. - With your permission.
- and (joining two noun phrases)
Ate?le barut yan yana durmaz. - Fire and gunpowder, side by side, do not last.
These usage notes apply equally to the use of ile as a postposition and as a conjunction.
The term can be used as a stand-alone word, but usually takes the form of an enclitic, that is, it is suffixed to the preceding word as -la / -yla or -le / -yle. Which form is used depends on the affixed word's dominant vowel, and whether the word ends in a vowel or a consonant.
- -le -- with a dominant front-vowel (i, e, ü, ö) and a consonant ending
- -yle -- with a dominant front-vowel (i, e, ü, ö) and a vowel ending
- -la -- with a dominant back-vowel (?, a, u, o) and a consonant ending
- -yla -- with a dominant back-vowel (?, a, u, o) and a vowel ending
An apostrophe is required when suffixed to a proper noun:
Generally, the stress in a Turkish word goes to the last syllable, but, when used as an enclitic, (y)le / (y)la is unstressed and leaves the stress of the preceding word to which it is suffixed unchanged.
In a curious exception to vowel harmony, the suffix -yla raises a preceding back vowel ? to a front vowel i. For example, the word dolay?s?yla ("consequently", "therefore") is pronounced /dolaj?'sijla/.
The dual role of the term can occasionally result in an ambiguity. The saying bir ta?la iki ku? vurmak, literally "to hit two birds with one stone", can (theoretically) also mean "to hit one stone and two birds".