Il
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Il

Translingual

Alternative forms

Abbreviation

il

  1. (Internet) the Internet Top Level Domain code for Israel

Numeral

il

  1. (informal) A Roman numeral representing forty-nine (49).

See also


Azerbaijani

Other scripts
Cyrillic
Roman il
Perso-Arabic

Etymology

From Proto-Turkic *yïl ("year")[1]. Cognate with Old Turkic (yïl)[2].

Noun

il (definite accusative ili, plural ill?r)

  1. year
    uzun ill?r - many years (literally, "long years")

Declension

Derived terms

References

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), "*j?l", in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Abuseitova, M. Kh; Bukhatuly, B., editors (2008), "", in TÜRIK BITIG: Ethno Cultural Dictionary, Language Committee of Ministry of Culture and Information of Republic of Kazakhstan

Bunak

Noun

il

  1. water

Further reading


Danish

Noun

il c

  1. (rare) haste, speed

Verb

il

  1. imperative of ile

Faroese

Iljar ("soles").

Noun

il f (genitive singular iljar, plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot
f8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative il ilin iljar iljarnar
Accusative il ilina iljar iljarnar
Dative il ilini iljum iljunum
Genitive iljar iljarinnar ilja iljanna



French

Etymology

From Middle French il, from Old French il, from Vulgar Latin *ill?, which is derived from Classical Latin ille.[1]

Pronunciation

Pronoun

il (third-person singular, plural ils, accusative le, dative lui, emphatic lui)

  1. he (third-person singular masculine subject pronoun for human subject)
  2. it (third-person singular subject pronoun for grammatically masculine objects)
  3. Impersonal subject; it
    Il pleut. - It's raining.

Related terms

References

  1. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964), chapter IL, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

Further reading

Anagrams


Friulian

Friulian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
l'
i
feminine  la
l'
lis

Etymology

From Latin illum, ultimately from ille.

Article

il m sg (plural i)

  1. the

See also


Icelandic

Iljar ("soles").

Etymology

From Old Norse il, from Proto-Germanic *ilj?.

Pronunciation

Noun

il f (genitive singular iljar, nominative plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot
    Honum sagðist vera illt í ilinni. - He said his sole hurt.

Declension

Derived terms


Ido

Pronunciation

Pronoun

il (plural ili, possessive ilua, possessive plural ilui)

  1. Apocopic form of ilu; he, him

See also


Interlingua

Pronoun

il

  1. personal pronoun used with impersonal verbs
    Il ha multe arbores illac.
    There are many trees there.

Usage notes

Optional.


Irish

Etymology 1

From Old Irish il, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh?-.

Adjective

il (genitive singular masculine il, genitive singular feminine ile, plural ile, comparative ile)

  1. (literary) many

Etymology 2

Adjective

il (genitive singular masculine il, genitive singular feminine ile, plural ile, comparative ile)

  1. Alternative form of oll ("great; huge, vast, immense")

Declension

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
il n-il hil not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

  • "il" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing "il" in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing "il" in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Italian

Etymology

From the older form lo, via an intermediate form l, from Latin illum, ultimately from ille. The initial i is a svarabhakti vowel added to the form l in order to make the pronunciation easier.[1]

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /il/

Article

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo/l'
i
gli
feminine  la/l' le

il m sg (plural i)

  1. the

References

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, ->ISBN, pages 123, 124

Anagrams


Middle French

Etymology

From Old French il.

Pronoun

il m

  1. he
  2. it (impersonal, or referring to an unknown person)

Descendants

  • French: il

Old French

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin *ill?, from Latin ille.

Pronoun

il

  1. he (third-person masculine singular subject pronoun)
  2. they (third-person masculine plural subject pronoun)
    • circa 1170, Wace, Le Roman de Rou:
      S'il vos poent ataindre, ja vos areient tué.
      If they could range you, they would have already killed you.

Descendants

  • French: il

Old Irish

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *pelh?-; cognate with Gothic ? (filu, "much"), Ancient Greek (polús, "much"), Sanskrit ? (puru, "much").

Pronunciation

Adjective

il (equative lir, comparative lïa)

  1. much, many (usually as the first member of a compound, usually governs a plural noun)
    cosin taidbse il - with much ostentation
    Is amlid do·rigéni Dia corp duini ó il-ballaib. - Thus God has made man's body of many members.
    Is ferr precept oldaas labrad il-béelre. - Preaching is better than speaking many languages.
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499-712, Wb. 4d15
      In Belzefuth: is béss didu ind lïacc benir il-béim friss, et intí do·thuit foir ?·boing a chnámi, intí fora tuit-som immurgu at·bail-side.
      The Beelzebub: it is the custom, then, of the stone that many blows are hit on it, and he who falls upon it breaks his bones; however, he whom it falls on perishes

Inflection

As a preposed adjective, usually uninflected, but the following forms are found occasionally:

  • Nominative/accusative plural: ili
  • Dative plural: ilib

Derived terms

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
il unchanged n-il
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading



Old Norse

Noun

il f (genitive iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot

Declension

Descendants

  • Icelandic: il
  • Faroese: il
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: il

References

il in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press


Swedish

Noun

il c

  1. (archaic) gust; a strong, abrupt rush of wind
  2. (archaic) hurry

Declension

Declension of il 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative il ilen ilar ilarna
Genitive ils ilens ilars ilarnas

Turkish

Noun

il

  1. province
    Synonym: vilayet

Tzotzil

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Verb

il

  1. (transitive) to see

References


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il
 



 



 
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