Idiom
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Idiom
See also: idiomatic and Idiom
For Wiktionary's handling of idioms, see Wiktionary:Idioms

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From Middle French idiome, and its source, Late Latin idioma, from Ancient Greek (idí?ma, "a peculiarity, property, a peculiar phraseology, idiom"), from (idioûsthai, "to make one's own, appropriate to oneself"), from (ídios, "one's own, pertaining to oneself, private, personal, peculiar, separate").

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /'?dm/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun

idiom (countable and uncountable, plural idioms or idiomata)

  1. A manner of speaking, a mode of expression peculiar to a language, person, or group of people.
  2. A language or language variety; specifically, a restricted dialect used in a given historical period, context etc.
    • 2010, Christopher Hitchens, "The Other L-Word", Vanity Fair, 13 Jan 2010:
      Many parents and teachers have become irritated to the point of distraction at the way the weed-style growth of "like" has spread through the idiom of the young.
  3. An established expression whose meaning is not deducible from the literal meanings of its component words, often peculiar to a given language.
    • 2008, Patricia Hampl, "You're History", in Patricia Hampl and Elaine Tyler May (editors), Tell Me True: Memoir, History, and Writing a Life, Minnesota Historical Society, ->ISBN, page 134:
      You're history, we say [...] . Surely it is an American idiom. Impossible to imagine a postwar European saying, "You're history. . . . That's history," meaning fuhgeddaboudit, pal.
  4. An artistic style (for example, in art, architecture, or music); an instance of such a style.
  5. (programming) A programming construct or phraseology that is characteristic of the language.
    • 2005, Magnus Lie Hetland, Beginning Python: From Novice to Professional, ->ISBN, page 100:
      I have to use the same assignment and call to raw_input in two places. How can I avoid that? I can use the while True/break idiom: [...]

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See also

Further reading

Anagrams


Czech

Pronunciation

Noun

idiom m

  1. idiom (established expression whose meaning is not deducible from the literal meanings of its component words)
    • 1972, Nový orient:
      P?ed bným ,,Nashledanou", které Per?ané vyjad?ují slovy ,,nech? je B?h va?ím opatrovníkem", dáme p?ednost idiomu ,,va?e laskavost nebo pozornost je (byla) nesmírná" nebo ,,nech? se vysoká laskavost nezmen?í" ...
    • 1985, Studie a práce linguistické:
      Stejn? málo významné byly pro IF pokusy p?iblí?it význam idiom? ve vágních pojmech p?enesenosti, obraznosti, pr?hlednosti apod.
    • 1996, ?asopis pro moderní filologii:
      Trochu konzervativní ?eský u?ivatel Schemannova slovníku bude mo?ná zpo?átku postrádat u n?kterých idiom? jejich vysv?tlení, jak byl zvyklý kup?íkladu z dosud (do r. 1993) nejobsa?n?j?ího slovníku tohoto typu ...
    • 2005, Zden?k St?íbrný, Proud ?asu:
      Vyjád?il to p?kným anglickým idiomem ,,They have added insult to your injury".
    • 2014, Franti?ek ?ermák, Jazyk a slovník. Vybrané lingvistické studie:
      U idiom? pak meme postulovat existenci p?edev?ím po?etných sekundárních symbol? (otev?ená hlava), pop?. ikon? (kamenný obli?ej), mén? ?asto v?ak u? sekundárních index? (co do, kór kdy?).

Further reading


Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch idioom.

Noun

idiom (plural, first-person possessive idiomku, second-person possessive idiommu, third-person possessive idiomnya)

  1. idiom (idiomatic expression)
  2. idiom (artistic style)
  3. (rare, dated) idiom (language or language variety)

Further reading


Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation

Noun

idiom m inan

  1. idiom (idiomatic expression)
  2. idiom (artistic style)
  3. (rare, dated) idiom (language or language variety)

Declension


Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /id?o:m/
  • Hyphenation: i?di?om

Noun

idì?m m (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. idiom (idiomatic expression)
  2. idiom (artistic style)
  3. (linguistics) idiom (language or language variety)

Declension


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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