Fest
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Fest
See also: Fest, fêst, Fëst, and -fest

English

Etymology

Borrowed from German Fest ("feast, festival, party"), from Middle High German fest, from Latin festum, from which last are also English feast, festival, festivity (see these).

Pronunciation

Noun

fest (plural fests)

  1. (in combination) A gathering for a specified reason or occasion.
    Synonym: festival
    a Renaissance fest

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Anagrams


Danish

Etymology

Borrowed from German Fest, from Latin f?stum ("holiday, festival, banquet, feast").

Pronunciation

Noun

fest c (singular definite festen, plural indefinite fester)

  1. party
  2. celebration
  3. festival
  4. feast
  5. fête

Declension

Derived terms

References


German

Etymology

From Middle High German vest, from Old High German festi, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see there for cognates and further etymology.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /f?st/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -?st

Adjective

fest (comparative fester, superlative am festesten)

  1. firm; compact; hard
  2. firm; fixed; rigid
  3. firm; steadfast

Declension

See also

Further reading

  • fest in Duden online

Hungarian

Etymology

[after 1372] Of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Finno-Ugric *pë- ("color; to color, paint")[1][2] + -t (causative suffix).[3]

Pronunciation

Verb

fest

  1. (transitive) to paint
    Coordinate term: mázol
  2. (transitive) to dye
  3. (intransitive) to look in some way
    Hogy fest? - What does it look like?
    Synonyms: kinéz, látszik, t?nik
    • 1989, John Updike (author), Árpád Göncz (translator), Így látja Roger [Roger's Version], Budapest: Európa Könyvkiadó, ->ISBN, page 203:
      Dale nem festett valami jól; viaszos sápadtsága szinte beteges volt. S mintha izzadt volna; ingzubbonya fölé kockás sportzakót vett, s e kett? nagyon nem illett össze.
      Dale didn't look well for this interview; his waxy pallor had slid over into the sickly. He seemed to be sweating, and he had put on a checkered sports jacket over his lumberjack shirt, with discordant effect.

Usage notes

The stative types of the sense verbs feel, smell, and taste are uncommon in Hungarian (i.e., those expressing some sensory information conveyed, in contrast to the voluntary actions of using these senses or the involuntary perception). Instead, adjectival (/-?/-jú/-j?) and possessive (...-a/-e/-ja/-je van) constructions are used, and these are also applicable for sound. (The first two rows are for action verbs and perception verbs that behave similarly to English.)

see / look hear / sound smell taste feel / touch
Action verb (meg)néz (meg)hallgat (meg)szagol (meg)kóstol,
(meg)ízlel
megfog,
(meg)tapint,
(meg)tapogat
Perception verb lát hall érez
Stative verb látszik, t?nik,
kinéz, fest
hangzik -
(érz?dik)
adjective ... kinézet? / külsej?
(someone's appearance)
... hangú,
... hangzású
... szagú (bad/neutral)
... illatú (pleasant)
... íz? ... tapintású
possessive ... kinézete van
... a kinézete
... hangja van
... a hangja
... szaga / illata van
... a szaga / ... az illata
... íze van
... az íze
... tapintása van
... a tapintása

Examples:

  • Ez a torta citromíz?. = Ennek a tortának citromíze van. - This cake tastes of lemon.
  • Ez az autó benzinszagú. = Ennek az autónak benzinszaga van. - This car smells of petrol.
  • Ez az étel finom illatú. = Ennek az ételnek finom illata van. = Ennek az ételnek finom az illata. - This dish smells delicious.
  • Ez a szövet selymes tapintású. = Ennek a szövetnek selymes tapintása van. = Ennek a szövetnek selymes a tapintása. - This material feels silky.

On the other hand, certain verbs can express particular sensory impressions, e.g. illatozik ("to smell sweet, to be fragrant") and b?zlik ("to stink, to reek").

Conjugation

Derived terms

(With verbal prefixes):

References

  1. ^ Entry #841 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Álgu etymological database, entry #78153 (language: Hungarian, word: fëst-)
  3. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete ('Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes'). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ->ISBN

Luxembourgish

Etymology

From Middle High German vest, from Old High German festi, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz. Cognate with German fest, Dutch vast, English fast, Icelandic fastur.

Pronunciation

Adjective

fest (masculine festen, neuter fest, comparative méi fest, superlative am feststen)

  1. firm, hard
  2. solid
  3. rigid
  4. fixed, fast

Declension


Middle English

Verb

fest

  1. to feast

Mòcheno

Etymology

From Middle High German fëst, from Latin festum. Cognate with German Fest.

Noun

fest n

  1. holiday, festival

References


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Latin festum

Noun

fest m (definite singular festen, indefinite plural fester, definite plural festene)

  1. celebration, party
  2. (religion) feast, festival
Synonyms
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 2

Verb

fest

  1. imperative of feste

References

  • "fest" in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Latin festum.

Noun

fest m (definite singular festen, indefinite plural festar, definite plural festane)

  1. celebration, party, festivity
    Synonyms: party, selskap
  2. (religion) feast, festival
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 2

From Old Norse festr f, derived from fast.

Noun

fest f (definite singular festa, indefinite plural fester, definite plural festene)

  1. an betrothal
  2. a rope
Derived terms

In the sense of an engagement to marry:

Related terms

Etymology 3

Inflected forms of festa, feste ("to fasten").

Participle

fest (definite singular and plural feste)

  1. past participle of festa and feste
    1. fastened
    2. engaged
Alternative forms
Derived terms

Verb

fest

  1. imperative of festa and feste
  2. supine of festa and feste

Etymology 4

Inflected form of festa, feste ("to party")

Verb

fest

  1. imperative of festa and feste

References

  • "fest" in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Norse

Etymology

Inflected forms of festa ("to fasten").

Participle

fest

  1. strong feminine nominative singular of festr
  2. strong neuter nominative/accusative singular of festr
  3. strong neuter nominative/accusative plural of festr

Verb

fest

  1. second-person singular imperative active of festa
  2. supine of festa

Anagrams


Polish

Etymology

Borrowed from German fest.

Pronunciation

Adverb

fest

  1. (Upper Silesia) firmly, strongly

Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowed from German fest.

Adverb

fest (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. (Kajkavian) very
  2. (Kajkavian) intensively
  3. (Kajkavian) tightly, strongly, firmly

Synonyms


Swedish

Etymology

From Latin festum.

Pronunciation

Noun

fest c

  1. party, celebration

Declension

Declension of fest 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fest festen fester festerna
Genitive fests festens festers festernas

Derived terms


Yola

Noun

fest

  1. fist

References

  • J. Poole W. Barnes, A Glossary, with Some Pieces of Verse, of the Old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy (1867)

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