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From Latin aequil?brium, from equal + l?bra ("balance").
equilibrium (plural equilibriums or equilibria)
- The condition of a system in which competing influences are balanced, resulting in no net change.
1733, Philip Miller, "HYDROSTATICKS", in The Gardeners Dictionary: Containing the Methods of Cultivating and Improving the Kitchen, Fruit and Flower Garden, [...], 2nd edition, London: Printed for the author; and sold by C[harles] Rivington, [...], OCLC 429215710, column 1:
To Hydrostaticks belong whatever relates to the Gravities and Equilibria of Liquors; with the Art of weighing Bodies in Water, in order to estimate the specifick Gravities.
- 1999, The Matrix, Agent Smith speech
- Every mammal on this planet instinctively develops a natural equilibrium with the surrounding environment but you humans do not. You move to an area and you multiply and multiply until every natural resource is consumed and the only way you can survive is to spread to another area. There is another organism on this planet that follows the same pattern. Do you know what it is? A virus.
- Mental balance.
- (chemistry) The state of a reaction in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are the same.
- (physics) The state of a body at rest or in uniform motion in which the resultant of all forces on it is zero.
- (a condition of a system in which competing influences are balanced): balance, stability
- (mental balance): sanity
- (in physics): heat death (thermodynamic equilibrium state of maximum entropy)
Terms derived from equilibrium
condition of a system in which competing influences are balanced
- Italian: equilibrio (it) m
- Japanese: (ja) (?, kink?), ? (ja) (baransu), ? (?, tsuriai), (ja) (?, heik?)
- Korean: (ko) (pyeonghyeong) ( (ko))
- Sorani: ? (ku) (hawseng)
- Latin: aequil?brium (la) n
- Malay: keseimbangan
- Maori: ?ritetanga
- Norwegian: ekvilibrium n, likevekt (no) m
- Polish: równowaga (pl) f
- Portuguese: equilíbrio (pt) m
- Romanian: echilibru (ro) n, stabilitate (ro) f
- Russian: (ru) n (ravnovésije), ? (ru) m (baláns)
- Scottish Gaelic: co-chothrom m
- Spanish: equilibrio (es) m
- Swedish: jämvikt (sv) c
- Tagalog: katiningan
- Turkish: denge (tr), muvazene (tr) (obsolescent)
- Ukrainian: ? f (rivnováha)
physics: state of a body at rest or in uniform motion in which the resultant of all forces on it is zero
chemistry: state of a reaction in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are the same