Ellen
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Ellen
See also: Ellen and ellen-

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English elne, ellen, from Old English ellen ("zeal, strength, power, vigor, valor, courage, fortitude, strife, contention"), from Proto-Germanic *aljan? ("zeal, power, courage"). Cognate with Middle High German ellen ("strength, manhood"), Middle Low German ellen ("strength, power, courage, vigor, bravery"), Icelandic elja ("endurance, energy").

Pronunciation

Noun

ellen (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) Zeal.
  2. (obsolete) Strength; courage.
  3. (theology) Strength vouchsafed; comfort; grace.

Danish

Noun

ellen c

  1. definite singular of el

Finnish

Etymology

Originally a contraction of ellä en.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'el:en/, ['e?l:e?n]
  • Rhymes: -el:en
  • Hyphenation: el?len

Conjunction

ellen

  1. if I not, unless I
    Ellen syö, jään nälkäiseksi.
    If I don't eat, I will stay hungry.

Synonyms

See also


Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): ['?l:?n]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: el?len

Etymology 1

Lexicalization of el-, ele- (stem variants of el?-) + -n (locative suffix). Since the language reform, it is also used as a verbal prefix (see ellen-). As the first part of compound words it is mostly patterned after Latin contra ("against") and German gegen ("against").[1]

Postposition

ellen

  1. against
Derived terms
Compound words

Etymology 2

Back-formation from ellenség.[2]

Noun

ellen (plural ellenek)

  1. (archaic or literary) enemy, opponent
    Synonyms: ellenség, ellenfél
Declension
Possessive forms of ellen
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ellenem elleneim
2nd person sing. ellened elleneid
3rd person sing. ellene ellenei
1st person plural ellenünk elleneink
2nd person plural ellenetek elleneitek
3rd person plural ellenük elleneik

See also

References

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete ('Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes'). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ->ISBN
  2. ^ ellen in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár ('Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology'). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár ->ISBN

Further reading

  • (postposition): ellen in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmez? szótára ('The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language'). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959-1962.
  • (noun): ellen in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmez? szótára ('The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language'). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959-1962.

Luxembourgish

Etymology

From Old High German elilenti. Compare German elend.

Pronunciation

Adjective

ellen (masculine ellenen, neuter ellent, comparative méi ellen, superlative am ellensten)

  1. ugly

Declension


Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English eln.

Noun

ellen

  1. Alternative form of elne ("ell")

Etymology 2

From Old English ellen.

Noun

ellen

  1. Alternative form of elne ("power")

Northern Sami

Pronunciation

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /'e:llen/

Verb

?llen

  1. first-person singular past indicative of eallit

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *aljan?. Cognate with Old Saxon ellan, Old High German ellan, Gothic (aljan), Old Norse eljan (Icelandic elja).

Pronunciation

Noun

ellen n

  1. strength, courage, bravery

Declension

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Middle English: elne, ellen

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