Ego
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Ego
See also: Ego, égo, ég?, ego-, -ego, and

English

Etymology

From Latin ego ("I"). Chosen by Freud's translator as a translation of his use of German Ich as a noun for this concept from the pronoun ich ("I").

Pronunciation

Noun

ego (countable and uncountable, plural egos)

  1. The self, especially with a sense of self-importance.
    • 1998, Eckhart Tolle, A New Earth
      When every thought absorbs your attention completely, when you are so identified with the voice in your head and the emotions that accompany it that you lose yourself in every thought and every emotion, then you are totally identified with form and therefore in the grip of ego. Ego is a conglomeration of recurring thought forms and conditioned mental-emotional patterns that are invested with a sense of I, a sense of self.
  2. (psychology, Freudian) The most central part of the mind, which mediates with one's surroundings.
    • 1954, Calvin S. Hall, "A Primer of Freudian Psychology"
      In the well adjusted person the ego is the executive of the personality and is governed by the reality principle.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, p. 19:
      'Everything begins with "I", you mean. Which is ego,' said Tom, placing an ankle behind his ear, 'not id.'

Coordinate terms

Derived terms

Translations

See also

Anagrams


Catalan

Etymology

From Latin ego. Doublet of jo.

Pronunciation

Noun

ego m (plural egos)

  1. ego (the self)
    Synonym: jo

Related terms

Further reading


Czech

Etymology

From Latin ego ("I").

Pronunciation

Noun

ego n

  1. ego
  2. (psychoanalysis) ego

Declension

Synonyms

See also


Dutch

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Noun

ego n (plural ego's, diminutive egootje n)

  1. ego, self

Related terms

Anagrams


Finnish

Etymology

From Latin eg? ("I").

Noun

ego

  1. ego
  2. (psychoanalysis) ego

Declension

Inflection of ego (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative ego egot
genitive egon egojen
partitive egoa egoja
illative egoon egoihin
singular plural
nominative ego egot
accusative nom. ego egot
gen. egon
genitive egon egojen
partitive egoa egoja
inessive egossa egoissa
elative egosta egoista
illative egoon egoihin
adessive egolla egoilla
ablative egolta egoilta
allative egolle egoille
essive egona egoina
translative egoksi egoiksi
instructive egoin
abessive egotta egoitta
comitative egoineen

Anagrams


Italian

Etymology

From Latin ego.

Noun

ego m (invariable)

  1. ego

Further reading

  • ego in Treccani.it - Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *eg?, from Proto-Indo-European *é?h?.

Pronunciation

(with iambic shortening)

Pronoun

ego or eg? (first person, nominative, plural n?s)

  1. I; first person singular personal pronoun, nominative case
    • 4th century, St Jerome, Vulgate, Tobit 3:19
      et aut ego indigna fui illis aut illi mihi forsitan digni non fuerunt quia forsitan viro alio conservasti me (And either I was unworthy of them, or they perhaps were not worthy of me: because perhaps thou hast kept me for another man,)

Declension

Personal pronoun declension.

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Vulgar Latin: *eo (see there for further descendants)
  • -> Catalan: ego
  • -> Dutch: ego
  • -> English: ego
  • -> French: ego
  • -> Galician: ego
  • -> German: Ego
  • -> Italian: ego
  • -> Portuguese: ego
  • -> Spanish: ego

See also

References

  • ego in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ego in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ego in Charles du Fresne du Cange's Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883-1887)
  • ego in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be hardly able to restrain one's tears: vix me contineo quin lacrimem
    • I cannot sleep for anxiety: curae somnum mihi adimunt, dormire me non sinunt
    • I'm undone! it's all up with me: perii! actum est de me! (Ter. Ad. 3. 2. 26)
    • I was induced by several considerations to..: multae causae me impulerunt ad aliquid or ut...
    • I console myself with..: hoc (illo) solacio me cons?lor
    • I console myself with..: haec (illa) res me consolatur
    • (great) advantage accrues to me from this: fructus ex hac re redundant in or ad me
    • I will refuse you nothing: nihil tibi a me postulanti recusabo
    • I express my approval of a thing: res a me probatur
    • as far as I can guess: quantum ego coniectura assequor, auguror
    • if I am not mistaken: nisi (animus) me fallit
    • unless I'm greatly mistaken: nisi omnia me fallunt
    • I am not unaware: me non fugit, praeterit
    • I cannot bring myself to..: a me impetrare non possum, ut
    • I forget something: oblivio alicuius rei me capit
    • experience has taught me: usus me docuit
    • this goes to prove what I say: hoc est a (pro) me
    • the matter speaks for itself: res ipsa (pro me apud te) loquitur
    • something harasses me, makes me anxious: aliquid me sollicitat, me sollicitum habet, mihi sollicitudini est, mihi sollicitudinem affert
    • I am discontented with my lot: fortunae meae me paenitet
    • I am not dissatisfied with my progress: non me paenitet, quantum profecerim
    • what will become of me: quid (de) me fiet? (Ter. Heaut. 4. 3. 37)
    • it's all over with me; I'm a lost man: actum est de me
    • I have great hopes that..: magna me spes tenet (with Acc. c. Inf.) (Tusc. 1. 41. 97)
    • hope has played me false: spes me frustratur
    • I have received a legacy from a person: hereditas ad me or mihi venit ab aliquo (Verr. 2. 1. 10)
    • I have no objection: per me licet
    • (ambiguous) to be burned to ashes: incendio deleri, abs?mi
    • (ambiguous) to be carried off by a disease: morbo abs?mi (Sall. Iug. 5. 6)
    • (ambiguous) to die a natural death: morbo perire, abs?mi, cons?mi
    • (ambiguous) according to my strong conviction: ex animi mei sententia (vid. sect. XI. 2)
    • (ambiguous) I put myself at your disposal as regards advice: consilii mei copiam facio tibi
    • (ambiguous) my dear father: pater optime or carissime, mi pater (vid. sect. XII. 10)
    • (ambiguous) I swear on my conscience: ex animi mei sententia iuro

Latvian

Noun

ego m (invariable)

  1. ego

Noun

ego m (invariable)

  1. eglantine

Synonyms

  1. smar?lapu roze

Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

From Latin ego ("I"). Chosen by Freud's translator as a translation of his use of German Ich as a noun for this concept from the pronoun ich ("I").

Pronunciation

Noun

ego n (indeclinable)

  1. (psychoanalysis) ego (the most central part of the mind, which mediates with one's surroundings)

Further reading

  • ego in Wielki s?ownik j?zyka polskiego, Instytut J?zyka Polskiego PAN
  • ego in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin ego ("I").

Pronunciation

Noun

ego m (plural egos)

  1. ego (the self)
  2. (psychology) ego (most central part of the mind)

Derived terms

Related terms


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Latin ego.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ê:?o/
  • Hyphenation: e?go

Noun

?go m (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. ego

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From Latin ego ("I"). Doublet of yo.

Pronunciation

Noun

ego m (plural egos)

  1. ego
    Synonym: yo

Related terms

Further reading


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

ego
 



 



 
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