Dis-
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Dis-

English

Etymology

From Middle English dis-, borrowed from Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís.

Pronunciation

Prefix

dis-

  1. reversal or removal
    disassociate; disarray
  2. apart
    disconnect
  3. Used as an intensifier of words with negative valence.
    disembowel; disannul; disgruntled

Usage notes

When attached to a verbal root, prefixes often change the first vowel (whether initial or preceded by a consonant/consonant cluster) of that verb. These phonological changes took place in Latin and usually do not apply to words created (as in Modern Latin) from Latin components since Latin became a 'dead' language. Note: the combination of prefix and following vowel did not always yield the same change. (see examples below at con- + -a-) Also, these changes in vowels are not necessarily particular to being prefixed with dis- (i.e. other prefixes sometimes cause the same vowel change- see con-, ex-).

Derived terms

Translations

NOTE: Words using the prefix dis- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.

See also

References

  • dis- at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • dis- in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Anagrams


Catalan

Etymology 1

From Ancient Greek - (dus-).

Prefix

dis-

  1. dys- (bad)
    disfàsia - dysphasia

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Latin dis-. Compare the inherited des-.

Prefix

dis-

  1. Indicates negation.
    dis- + ‎sort ("luck") -> ‎dissort ("misfortune")
Derived terms

Further reading


Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Prefix

dis-

  1. dis-

Esperanto

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís.

Prefix

dis-

  1. shows separation, dissemination, e.g. semi ("sow") > dissemi ("disseminate") ; ?iri ("tear") > dis?iri ("tear to pieces").

Derived terms


French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin dis-. Compare the inherited dé-.

Pronunciation

Prefix

dis-

  1. dis-

Derived terms


Gothic

Romanization

dis-

  1. Romanization of -

Ido

Etymology

Borrowed from Esperanto dis-, from Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís.

Prefix

dis-

  1. shows separation or dissemination

Derived terms


Irish

Prefix

dis-

  1. Alternative form of dios-

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dis- dhis- ndis-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian

Etymology

From Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwís. See also s-.

Prefix

dis-

  1. dis-
    dis- + ‎fare ("do") -> ‎disfare ("undo")
    dis- + ‎organizzare ("organize") -> ‎disorganizzare ("disorganize")

Derived terms

See also


Latin

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *dwís. Cognates include Ancient Greek (dís) and Sanskrit (dvis).

Prefix

dis-

  1. asunder, apart, in two
    d?mitt? - dismiss, disband
    disc?d? - part, separate
  2. reversal, removal
    dissimul? - disguise, conceal
  3. utterly, exceedingly
    differtus - stuffed full

Usage notes

  • Before b, d, g, l, m, n, r, sc, sp, st and v, the prefix becomes d?-.
  • Before f, the prefix becomes dif-.
  • Before a consonantal i, the prefix may become d?- or remain as dis-.
  • Before a vowel or h, the prefix becomes dir-.

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • Catalan: des-; -> dis-
  • -> English: dis-
  • -> Esperanto: dis-
  • French: dé-, dés-; -> dis-
  • -> Gothic: - (dis-)
  • Italian: dis-, s-

References


Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin dis-. Compare the inherited des-.

Prefix

dis-

  1. dis-

Derived terms


Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin dis-. Compare the inherited des-.

Prefix

dis-

  1. dis-

Derived terms


Welsh

Pronunciation

Prefix

dis-

  1. intensifying prefix
    dis- + ‎taw ("quiet, silent") -> ‎distaw ("silent, noiseless")
    dis- + ‎pwyll ("consideration") -> ‎disbwyll ("discretion, prudence")
  2. negative prefix
    dis- + ‎cloff ("lame") -> ‎disgloff ("sure footed, agile")
    Synonyms: af-, an-, di-

Derived terms

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
dis- ddis- nis- unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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