Ding
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Ding
See also: Ding, díng, dìng, d?ng, d?ng, and dì?

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English dingen, dyngen (strong verb), from Old English *dingan ("to ding"), from Proto-Germanic *dingwan? ("to beat"), from Proto-Indo-European *d?en- ("to beat, push"). Related to Old English dengan ("to ding, beat, strike", weak verb) and Old Norse dengja ("to hammer", weak verb); both from Proto-Germanic *dangijan? ("to beat, hammer, peen"), causative of *dingwan?. Cognate with Icelandic dengja ("to hammer"), Swedish dänga ("to bang, beat"), Danish dænge ("to bang, beat"), German tengeln, dengeln ("to peen").

Noun

ding (plural dings)

  1. (informal) Very minor damage, a small dent or chip.
    • 2007 September, "Ding Repairs", BBC Wales, archived on 5 October 2014:
      If you surf regularly, then you're going to ding your board. Here's a rough guide on how to repair them... If the ding is on the rail, run tape across the ding conforming to the rail curve, leaving a gap to pour in resin and make sure it is sealed to prevent resin escaping and forming dribbles.
  2. (colloquial) A rejection.
    I just got my first ding letter.
Translations

Verb

ding (third-person singular simple present dings, present participle dinging, simple past dinged or (obsolete) dang, past participle dinged or (obsolete) dung)

  1. (transitive) To hit or strike.
  2. To dash; to throw violently.
    • Milton
      to ding the book a coit's distance from him
  3. (transitive) To inflict minor damage upon, especially by hitting or striking.
  4. (transitive, colloquial) To fire or reject.
    His top school dinged him last week.
  5. (transitive, colloquial) To deduct, as points, from another, in the manner of a penalty; to penalize.
    My bank dinged me three bucks for using their competitor's ATM.
    • 2015 August 7, Ron Lieber, "Bringing paternity leave into the mainstream [print version: Paid leave expands for fathers, but will there be any takers?, International New York Times, 10 August 2015, p. 14]", in The New York Times[1]:
      [...] [E]mployees don't feel like they're going to get dinged on performance reviews because they had the same goals as a guy who had been there all 12 months with no leave.
  6. (transitive, golf) To mishit (a golf ball).
Derived terms
Translations
See also

Etymology 2

Onomatopoeic. Compare ding-dong,

Noun

ding (plural dings)

  1. The high-pitched resonant sound of a bell.
  2. (colloquial, role-playing games, especially video games) The act of levelling up.
Translations

Verb

ding (third-person singular simple present dings, present participle dinging, simple past and past participle dinged)

  1. (intransitive) To make high-pitched sound like a bell.
    • Washington Irving
      The fretful tinkling of the convent bell evermore dinging among the mountain echoes.
  2. (transitive) To keep repeating; impress by reiteration, with reference to the monotonous striking of a bell.
    • 1884, Oswald Crawfurd, English comic dramatists:
      If I'm to have any good, let it come of itself; not keep dinging it, dinging it into one so.
  3. (intransitive, colloquial, role-playing games, especially video games) To level up.
See also
ding with an animal mask

Etymology 3

Romanized from Mandarin ? (d?ng).

Alternative forms

Noun

ding (plural dings or ding)

  1. An ancient Chinese vessel with legs and a lid.

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch ding, from Old Dutch thing, from Proto-Germanic *þing?.

Noun

ding (plural dinge)

  1. thing
    • 2016, "Dinge Raak Warm", in Sal Jy Met My Dans?[2], South Africa, performed by Kurt Darren:
      Dinge raak warm, warm.
      Things touch warm, warm.

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d/
  • Rhymes: -
  • (file)

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch dinc, from Old Dutch thing, from Proto-Germanic *þing?.

Noun

ding n (plural dingen, diminutive dingetje n)

  1. matter, thing
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: ding

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

ding

  1. first-person singular present indicative of dingen
  2. imperative of dingen

Irish

ding

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Irish ding ("wedge").

Noun

ding f (genitive singular dinge, nominative plural dingeacha)

  1. wedge
  2. thickset person
Declension
Synonyms
  • (both senses): ginn (Cois Fharraige)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Old Irish dingid ("press, force"), from Proto-Celtic *dingeti ("knead, form, press"), from Proto-Indo-European *d?inéti, nasal infix present of *d?ey- ("to knead, form").

Verb

ding (present analytic dingeann, future analytic dingfidh, verbal noun dingeadh, past participle dingthe)

  1. (transitive) wedge; pack tightly, stuff
  2. (transitive) make compact; knit, knead
Conjugation
Derived terms
  • dingire m ("wedging implement; light hammer")
Related terms

Etymology 3

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

ding f (genitive singular dinge, nominative plural dingeacha)

  1. dint
Declension

Verb

ding (present analytic dingeann, future analytic dingfidh, verbal noun dingeadh, past participle dingthe)

  1. (transitive) dint
Conjugation

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ding dhing nding
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading


Mandarin

Romanization

ding

  1. Nonstandard spelling of d?ng.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of díng.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of d?ng.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of dìng.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle English

Verb

ding

  1. Alternative form of dingen

Scots

Etymology

Probably from Old Norse dengja ("to beat, thrash"). Cognate with Swedish dänga, Danish dænge.

Pronunciation

Verb

ding (third-person singular present dings, present participle dingin, past dang, past participle dung)

  1. to beat, hit, strike
  2. to beat, excel, defeat
    • 1817, Walter Scott, Rob Roy, II.3:
      'Gude help him!--twa lines o' Davie Lindsay would ding a' he ever clerkit.'

Swedish

Etymology

From Tavringer Romani dinalo, dingalo ("crazy"), from Romani dinelo ("stupid, crazy"). Related to Sanskrit (d?na, "weak").

Pronunciation

Adjective

ding (comparative mer ding, superlative mest ding)

  1. (colloquial) mad, crazy
    1968, Peter Himmelstrand (lyrics and music), "Det börjar verka kärlek, banne mej", performed by Claes-Göran Hederström:
    Jag fattar ingenting / jag är väl lite ding.
    I just don't get it / I guess I'm a little bit daft.

Usage notes

  • The neuter form is usually avoided, compare rädd.

Declension

Inflection of ding
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular ding mer ding mest ding
Neuter singular dingt mer dingt mest dingt
Plural dinga mer dinga mest dinga
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 dinge mer dinge mest dinge
All dinga mer dinga mest dinga
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

References

  • "ding" in Gerd Carling, Romani i svenskan: Storstadsslang och standardspråk, Stockholm: Carlsson, 2005, ->ISBN, page 78.

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