Diabetes insipidus; any condition characterized by excessive or incontinent urine, now specifically as caused by impaired production of, or response to, the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin. [from 15th c.]
A Sheeps or Goats bladder being burnt, and the ashes given inwardly, helps the Diabetes, or continuall pissing.
1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol. III, ch. 86:
The lady laboured under a Diabetes, in consequence of having used the waters injudiciously for another complaint; and, that she might not be an impediment to the carriage, by ordering it to halt,as often as she should have occasion to disembogue, she had provided herself with a leathern contrivance [...].
Any of a group of metabolicdiseases whereby a person (or other animal) has high blood sugar due to an inability to produce, or inability to metabolize, sufficient quantities of the hormoneinsulin. [from 19th c.]
2020, Ian Sample, The Guardian, 7 September:
In the UK, one in 10 people over 40 live with type 2 diabetes, while one in four have high blood pressure, a condition described as a "silent killer" because it increases the risk of heart attack and stroke but rarely causes symptoms beforehand.
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From Latindiabetes mellitus, from Ancient Greek(diabaín?, "to pass through"), via the agent noun (diab?t?s, "passing through"). This refers to the excessive amounts of urine produced by sufferers. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.