Der
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Der
See also: Der, dér, dêr, dër, d?r, -der, and der-

English

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d?:/
  • (file)

Interjection

der

  1. (Australia) Disdainful indication that something is obvious.
  2. (Australia) Indication of stupidity.
    • 1979, Gabrielle Carey and Kathy Lette, Puberty Blues, page 46:
      `Sprung!' cried Jeff Basin, the local dubbo. 'Oh, der,' moaned Boardie sarcastically.

Synonyms

Etymology 2

Nonstandard spelling of there, reflecting any of a variety of accents with th-stopping.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Adverb

der (not comparable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Interjection

der

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Noun

der (uncountable)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Pronoun

der

  1. Nonstandard spelling of there.

Derived terms

Anagrams


Danish

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dar/, [d?], (emphatic) /'d?r/, ['de]
  • Rhymes: -ar

Adverb

der

  1. there (in or at that place)

Pronoun

der

  1. (relative) who, whom, which, that

Usage notes

  • Only used when the relative pronoun is subject
  • Som can be used for all positions (including subject)

Dutch

Pronunciation

stressed

unstressed

Etymology 1

Unstressed form of daar ("there").

Adverb

der

  1. there
Synonyms
Antonyms

Etymology 2

Article

der

  1. (dated) genitive singular feminine of de; of the.
    geschiedenis der Nederlandsche taal - history of the Dutch language
  2. (dated) genitive plural of de; of the.
    het koninkrijk der Nederlanden - the kingdom of the Netherlands
  3. (dated) dative singular feminine of de.
Usage notes
  • Only the nominative forms are common in modern usage. Accusative and dative forms are archaic and limited to fixed expressions. Genitive forms, while still productive and regiolectal, are not part of the standardized varieties and mainly reserved for poetic and literary language. They are also found as part of surnames.
  • * The current pronunciation is a spelling pronunciation. Before the word became archaic, it was pronounced with a schwa, /d?r/.
Inflection
Dutch definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative de de het de
Genitive des der des der
Dative den der den den
Accusative den de het de


Anagrams


French

Etymology

Clipping of dernier

Pronunciation

Noun

der m or f (plural ders)

  1. last
    la der des ders - the war that ends all wars (referring to the First World War; literally means the last of the lasts or the very last one)

Galician

Verb

der

  1. first-person singular future subjunctive of dar
  2. third-person singular future subjunctive of dar

German

Etymology

From Middle High German der, from Old High German der, ther, replacing the original masculine and feminine nominative forms from Proto-Germanic *sa, by analogy with the adjective inflection. Compare also Old Dutch thie and Old English þ? where the same process occurred.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /de:r/
  • IPA(key): [de:] (stressed)
  • IPA(key): [d], [d?] (unstressed)
  • IPA(key): [d?] (unstressed, some dialects, feminine article only)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -e:
  • In colloquial speech in Germany, the /d/ can assimilate to a preceding coronal when the word is unstressed.

Article

der (definite)

  1. the

Declension

German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das die
Genitive des der des der
Dative dem der dem den
Accusative den die das die
Old Declension
German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das
(older also: daß)
die
Genitive des
(older also: deß)
der des
(older also: deß)
deren or derer, also der
Dative dem der dem denen, also den
Accusative den die das
(older also: daß)
die

This older declension is not used anymore.
For examples see Citations:der.

Derived terms

Article

der

  1. inflection of der:
    1. genitive/dative feminine singular
    2. genitive plural

Pronoun

der m (relative)

  1. who; that; which
    Ich kenne einen Mann, der das kann. - I know a man who can do that.

Usage notes

In a subordinate clause, indicates a person or thing referenced in the main clause. Used with masculine singular referents.

Declension

  • By modern grammar works it is said that derer and deren can both be used without difference.
  • Modern grammar books mention the colloquial genitive plural form der.
Old Declension
Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das
older also: daß
die
genitive dessen
older also: deß, des
deren
older also: der, dero
dessen
older also: deß, des
derer
also: deren
older also: dero
dative dem
older also: deme
der dem
older also: deme
denen
accusative den die das
older also: daß
die

Pronoun

der f (relative)

  1. dative feminine singular of der: (to) whom, which, that

Pronoun

der (demonstrative)

  1. (attributive, stressed) that
    Der Mann war es! - It was that man!
  2. (indicative) him, he
    Der hat es getan! - It was him who did it!
  3. (differential) the one, him
    Der mit dem Mantel - The one with the coat

Declension

  • By modern grammar works it is said that derer is used cataphoric, while deren is used anaphoric.
  • Modern grammar books mention the colloquial genitive plural form der.
Old Declension
Declension of der
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der die das
older also: daß
die
genitive dessen
older also: deß, des
deren
older also: der, dero
dessen
older also: deß, des
derer
also: deren
older also: dero
dative dem
older also: deme
der dem
older also: deme
denen
accusative den die das
older also: daß
die

Pronoun

der f (demonstrative)

  1. dative feminine singular of der: (to) that, (to) her

Hunsrik

Pronunciation

Pronoun

der

  1. unstressed dative of du.

Inflection

Further reading


Latin

Pronunciation

Verb

der

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of d?

Limburgish

Adverb

der

  1. there

Synonyms


Luxembourgish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Determiner

der f

  1. unstressed form of där
Declension
Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dative deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)

Etymology 2

Pronoun

der

  1. unstressed form of dir
Declension

Middle Dutch

Article

der

  1. inflection of die:
    1. feminine genitive/dative singular
    2. genitive plural

Adverb

der

  1. unstressed form of d?er

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse þar.

Pronunciation

Adverb

der

  1. there

Derived terms

References

  • "der" in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse þar. Akin to English there.

Pronunciation

Adverb

der

  1. there

Derived terms

References

  • "der" in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Pennsylvania German

Etymology

Compare German der.

Article

der m (definite)

  1. the

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Verb

der

  1. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of dar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of dar

Swedish

Adverb

der

  1. Obsolete spelling of där

Anagrams


Turkish

Verb

der

  1. third-person singular present simple indicative positive degree of demek

West Frisian

Adverb

der

  1. there (unspecific to distance)
    Der binne trije Fryske talen
    There are three Frisian languages.

Further reading

  • "der (I)", in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Westrobothnian

Etymology 1

From Old Norse þær, from Proto-Germanic *þar. Akin to English there.

Pronunciation

Adverb

der

  1. right there
  2. there, at the end of a journey
Antonyms
Related terms

Etymology 2

Unstressed doublet of the previous word.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

der

  1. where
    Han no int der 'n jär
    He suffers no shortage where he is staying.

Adverb

der

  1. farther
    derr överåm
    farther up

Preposition

der

  1. (with i) in (that place)
  2. (with åm) in the vicinity of

Wolof

Pronunciation

Noun

der (definite form der wi)

  1. skin

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der
 



 



 
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