Den
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Den

English

Etymology 1

From Middle English den, from Old English denn ("den, lair (of a beast), cave; a swine-pasture, a woodland pasture for swine"), from Proto-Germanic *danj? ("threshing-floor, barn-floor"), from Proto-Indo-European *d?en- ("flat surface, board, sheet, area, palm of the hand"). Cognate with Scots den ("den, lair"), Middle Dutch denne ("burrow, den, cave, attic"), Dutch den ("ship's deck, threshing-floor, mountain floor"), Middle Low German denne, danne ("threshing-floor, small dale"), German Tenne ("threshing-floor, barn for threshing").

Pronunciation

Noun

den (plural dens)

  1. A small cavern or hollow place in the side of a hill, or among rocks; especially, a cave used by a wild animal for shelter or concealment.
    a den of robbers
    Daniel was put into the lions' den.
  2. A squalid or wretched place; a haunt.
    a den of vice
    an opium den; a gambling den
  3. A comfortable room not used for formal entertaining.
  4. (Britain, Scotland, obsolete) A narrow glen; a ravine; a dell.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
Synonyms
Translations

Verb

den (third-person singular simple present dens, present participle denning, simple past and past participle denned)

  1. (reflexive) To ensconce or hide oneself in (or as in) a den.

Etymology 2

From Old French denier, from Latin denarius.

Noun

den

  1. Abbreviation of denier (a unit of weight)

Etymology 3

Adverb

den (not comparable)

  1. Eye dialect spelling of then, representing African-American Vernacular English.

Anagrams


Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch den

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /d?n/

Noun

den (plural denne)

  1. pine (tree)

Bambara

Noun

den

  1. child
  2. fruit

Derived terms

(Sense 1)

Verb

den (intransitive)

  1. to bear fruit

Breton

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *dün, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyos ("human, person"), from Proto-Indo-European *d?éom-yo- ("earthling, human"), a derivation of *d?ém ("earth").

Pronunciation

Noun

den m

  1. human being
  2. person, man
  3. husband

Cimbrian

Pronoun

den (Sette Comuni)

  1. inflection of dèar:
    1. accusative singular masculine
    2. dative plural

See also

References

  • "den" in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Cornish

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *dün, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyos ("human, person"), from Proto-Indo-European *d?éom-yo- ("earthling, human"), a derivation of *d?ém ("earth").

Pronunciation

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [d?:n]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [de:n]

Noun

den m (plural tus)

  1. man
  2. person

Mutation


Czech

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *d?n? ("day").

Noun

den m inan

  1. day (24 hours, usually from midnight to midnight)
  2. daytime (time between sunrise and sunset)
  3. (astronomy) day (rotational period of a body orbiting a star)
    Den na Merkuru trvá tém 59 pozemských dní.
    A day on Mercury lasts almost 59 terrestrial days.
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Noun

den

  1. genitive plural of dno

Etymology 3

Noun

den

  1. genitive plural of dna

Anagrams

Further reading


Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse þann, the accusative form of , from Proto-Germanic *sa ("that"), from Proto-Indo-European *só ("this, that").

Pronunciation

Article

den c (neuter det, plural de)

  1. (definite) the (used before an adjective preceding a noun)
    bilen - the car; den røde bil - the red car

Pronunciation

Pronoun

den c (neuter det, plural de)

  1. (demonstrative) that, the
  2. (personal) it

See also


Dutch

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch dan, danne, denne ("pine tree"). Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *danw?-, *danj?- "pine tree". Cognate with German Tanne.

Pronunciation

Noun

den m (plural dennen, diminutive dennetje n)

  1. pine, pine tree
Synonyms

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch den.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d?n/, /d?n/
  • Hyphenation: den
  • Rhymes: -?n

Article

den (definite)

  1. (archaic) Dative singular masculine form of de.
    Nederland in den goeden ouden tijd. -- The Netherlands in the days of yore.
    De baron gaf den koetsier een wenk en het rijtuig rolde heen. -- The baron gave the coachman a sign and the carriage rode away. (from the story Gaston von Frankrijk by J.J.A. Goeverneur)
  2. (archaic) Dative singular neuter form of het.
    In den beginne schiep God den hemel en de aarde -- In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth
  3. (archaic) Dative plural form (for all genders) of de and het.
  4. (archaic) Accusative singular masculine form of de.
  5. (Southern, dialectal) Masculine singular definite article, alternative form of de.
Usage notes
  • The use of den was dropped from written Dutch during the spelling reform of 1947; de is now used instead.
  • Normally only the nominative is used; other forms are archaic but survive in a number of idiomatic expressions.
  • den is still widely used in Brabantian and many other Dutch and Flemish dialects. It is also used in surnames (e.g. Van den Berg).
  • The current pronunciation is a spelling pronunciation. Before the word became archaic, it was pronounced with a schwa, /d?n/.
Inflection
Dutch definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative de de het de
Genitive des der des der
Dative den der den den
Accusative den de het de


Derived terms

German

Pronunciation

Article

den (definite)

  1. inflection of der ("the"):
    1. accusative masculine singular
    2. dative plural

Declension

German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die das die
Genitive des der des der
Dative dem der dem den
Accusative den die das die

Pronoun

den

  1. that; whom; accusative masculine singular of der

Irish

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dn?/, /dn?/
  • (Connemara, Aran Islands) IPA(key): /n?/

Contraction

den

  1. Contraction of de an.
    Bhris mé den chrann é. - I broke it off the tree.
    Fuair sé bás den ocras. - He died of hunger.

Usage notes

This contraction is obligatory, i.e. *de an never appears uncontracted. It triggers lenition of a following consonant other than d, s, or t.

Related terms


Japanese

Romanization

den

  1. R?maji transcription of

Luxembourgish

Pronunciation

Determiner

den m

  1. unstressed form of deen

Declension

Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dative deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)

Malay

Pronunciation

Pronoun

den

  1. I, me, my

See also


Mandarin

Romanization

den

  1. Nonstandard spelling of dèn.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle Dutch

Article

den

  1. inflection of die:
    1. masculine accusative/dative singular
    2. neuter dative singular
    3. dative plural

Norwegian Bokmål

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'d?n/ - (stressed)
  • IPA(key): /d?n/ - (unstressed)

Pronoun

den (genitive dens)

  1. it; third person singular, masculine/feminine gender. Nominative, accusative or dative.

Pronoun

den m or f

  1. (demonstrative pronoun) that

Article

den m or f

  1. The; only used if there is an adjective in front of the noun.
    bilen: the car -> den røde bilen: the red car

Related terms


Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

Pronoun

den m or f (neuter det, plural dei)

  1. (demonstrative pronoun) that
    Eg vil ha den bilen.
    I want that car.

Article

den

  1. the; only used if there is an adjective in front of the noun.
    Han køyrde den raude bilen.
    He drove the red car.

References

  • "den" in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Novial

Conjunction

den

  1. for (indicating the reason justifying a given deduction)

Papiamentu

Etymology

From Portuguese dentro and Spanish dentro and Kabuverdianu dentu.

Preposition

den

  1. in
  2. inside
  3. below

Polish

Pronunciation

Noun

den n

  1. genitive plural of dno

Spanish

Pronunciation

Verb

den

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) present subjunctive form of dar.
  2. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present subjunctive form of dar.
  3. Second-person plural (ustedes) imperative form of dar.

Sranan Tongo

Alternative forms

Etymology

From English them.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

den

  1. they
  2. them

Determiner

den

  1. their (possessive pronoun)

Article

den

  1. the (plural definite article)

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish þæn, accusative of s?(r), from Old Norse , from Proto-Germanic *sa, from Proto-Indo-European *só.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

den c

  1. it
  2. that

Declension

Article

den c (definite)

  1. (before an adjective preceding a noun) the
    den röda bilen - "the red car"

Related terms

Anagrams


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

den
 



 



 
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