Cru
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Cru
See also: CRU, Cru, and crû

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French cru. Doublet of crude.

Pronunciation

Noun

cru (plural crus)

  1. A grade or class of wine.
    • 2009, Ed McCarthy, ?Mary Ewing-Mulligan, ?Maryann Egan, Wine All-in-One For Dummies (page 218)
      Each cru has an official quality rating on a scale of 100: Grand cru vineyards all rate 100, and premier cru vineyards rank from 90 to 99 points.

Related terms

Anagrams


Catalan

Etymology

From a variant of Old Occitan [Term?] (compare Occitan crus), from Latin cr?dus (compare French cru, Spanish crudo).

Pronunciation

Adjective

cru (feminine crua, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crues)

  1. raw

Derived terms

Further reading


Dutch

Etymology

From French.

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Adjective

cru (not comparable)

  1. crude, coarse

Declension

Inflection of cru
uninflected cru
inflected crue
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial cru
indefinite m./f. sing. crue
n. sing. cru
plural crue
definite crue
partitive cru's

French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle French crud, from Old French cru, creu, from Latin cr?dus.

Adjective

cru (feminine singular crue, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crues)

  1. raw (uncooked, unprocessed)
Derived terms

Related terms

Etymology 2

Verb

cru m (feminine singular crue, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crues)

  1. past participle of croire

Etymology 3

Nominal use of crû, past participle of croître.

Noun

cru m (plural crus)

  1. vineyard; vintage

Further reading


Galician

Etymology

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese cruu, from Latin cr?dus, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *krewh?- ("raw meat, fresh blood").

Pronunciation

Adjective

cru m (feminine singular crúa, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crúas)

  1. raw; unprocessed
    • 1295, A. López Ferreiro (ed.), Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática. Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 152:
      acharedes en casa na mia ucha cinquoeenta uaras de lenço que seen ordidas et cinquo maranas de fiado cruu et tres de cozido
      you'll find in my home inside my chest fifty yards of weaved cloth and five skeins of raw thread and three boiled
  2. (dated) cruel
    • 1348, R. Lorenzo (ed.), La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla. Ourense: I.E.O.P.F., page 316:
      Et, ãdando ambos muy fortes et muy cruus en sua batalla, ferindose muy sen piadade
      And, being both very strong and cruel in their battle, they hurt one another mercilessly

Derived terms

References

  • "cruu" in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • "cruu" in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • "cru" in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • "cru" in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • "cru" in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from French cru. Doublet of crudo.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -u

Noun

cru m (invariable)

  1. cru (vineyard known for its quality without official rankings)

Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin crudus.

Adjective

cru m (oblique and nominative feminine singular crue)

  1. raw (uncooked)

Descendants

  • Middle French: crud

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese cruu, from Latin cr?dus, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *krewh?- ("raw meat, fresh blood").

Pronunciation

Adjective

cru (feminine singular crua, masculine plural crus, feminine plural cruas, comparable)

  1. raw (uncooked, unprocessed)

Derived terms


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