Calm
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Calm

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English calm, calme, from Old French calme, probably from Old Italian calma, of uncertain origin. Calma may derive from Late Latin cauma ("heat of the midday sun"), from Ancient Greek (kaûma, "heat, especially of the sun"), from ? (kaí?, "I burn"), or possibly from Latin cale?. Compare also Proto-Germanic *kalmaz ("frozenness, cold").

Pronunciation

Adjective

calm (comparative calmer or more calm, superlative calmest or most calm)

  1. (of a person) Peaceful, quiet, especially free from anger and anxiety.
  2. (of a place or situation) Free of noise and disturbance.
  3. (of water) with few or no waves on the surface; not rippled.
  4. Without wind or storm.

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Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun

calm (countable and uncountable, plural calms)

  1. (in a person) The state of being calm; peacefulness; absence of worry, anger, fear or other strong negative emotion.
  2. (in a place or situation) The state of being calm; absence of noise and disturbance.
  3. A period of time without wind.

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Translations

Verb

calm (third-person singular simple present calms, present participle calming, simple past and past participle calmed)

  1. (transitive) To make calm.
    to calm a crying baby
    to calm the passions
    • 1697, "(please specify the book number)", in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [...], London: Printed for Jacob Tonson, [...], OCLC 403869432:
      to calm the tempest raised by Aeolus
  2. (intransitive) To become calm.

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Anagrams


Catalan

Etymology

From calma, probably in imitation of French calme (adjective) and Spanish calmo.

Adjective

calm (feminine calma, masculine plural calms, feminine plural calmes)

  1. calm

Related terms


Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from French calme.

Noun

calm

  1. composure (calmness of mind or matter, self-possession)

Related terms


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calm
 



 



 
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