From Middle English calm, calme, from Old French calme, probably from Old Italian calma, of uncertain origin. Calma may derive from Late Latin cauma ("heat of the midday sun"), from Ancient Greek (kaûma, "heat, especially of the sun"), from ? (kaí?, "I burn"), or possibly from Latin cale?. Compare also Proto-Germanic *kalmaz ("frozenness, cold").
calm (comparative calmer or more calm, superlative calmest or most calm)
- (of a person) Peaceful, quiet, especially free from anger and anxiety.
- (of a place or situation) Free of noise and disturbance.
- (of water) with few or no waves on the surface; not rippled.
- Without wind or storm.
free from anger and anxiety
- Western Apache: nkegohen'?go
- Arabic: (h?di?)
- Aymara: aliqa (ay)
- Bashkir: (tïnïs)
- Belarusian: (spakójny)
- Bulgarian: ? (bg) (spokoen)
- Catalan: calm (ca)
- Mandarin: (zh), (zh) (píngjìng), (zh), (zh) (?njìng)
- Czech: klidný (cs) m
- Danish: rolig (da)
- Dutch: vredig (nl), kalm (nl)
- Esperanto: trankvila (eo)
- Finnish: rauhallinen (fi), tyyni (fi), levollinen (fi)
- Galician: calmo m
- Georgian: (m?vidi), (ka) (c?q?nari)
- German: ruhig
- Greek: (el) (íremos)
- Ancient: ? (gal?nós)
- Hebrew: ? (he) m (ragua)
- Hindi: ? (hi) (nt)
- Hungarian: nyugodt (hu)
- Italian: calmo (it)
- Japanese: ? (ja) (odayaka na), (ja) (shizuka na), (ja) (heion na)
- Korean: ? (ko) (goyohada), ? (ko) (jamjamhada)
- Latgalian: romons, m?rons
- Latin: tranquillus, s?d?tus
free of noise and disturbance
(of water) with few or no waves on the surface
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
calm (countable and uncountable, plural calms)
- (in a person) The state of being calm; peacefulness; absence of worry, anger, fear or other strong negative emotion.
- (in a place or situation) The state of being calm; absence of noise and disturbance.
- A period of time without wind.
condition of being unworried and free from anger
the state with absence of noise and disturbance
calm (third-person singular simple present calms, present participle calming, simple past and past participle calmed)
- (transitive) To make calm.
- to calm a crying baby
- to calm the passions
- to calm the tempest raised by Aeolus
- (intransitive) To become calm.
to make calm
- Hungarian: megnyugtat (hu), lecsendesít (hu)
- Ido: kalmigar (io)
- Japanese: (ja) (shizumeru)
- Latin: s?d?
- Maori: roki (of waves), whakarokiroki (of waves), whakarangim?rie
- Norwegian Bokmål: roe (no), berolige
- Norwegian Nynorsk: roe
- Polish: uspokoi? (pl), uspokaja? (pl)
- Portuguese: acalmar (pt)
- Romanian: lini?ti (ro), calma (ro), potoli (ro)
- Russian: (ru) impf (uspokáivat?), ? (ru) pf (uspokóit?)
- Swedish: lugna (sv), stilla (sv), blidka (sv), beveka (sv)
- Tatar: (qalim)
- Turkish: sakinle?tirmek (tr), dindirmek (tr)
- Ukrainian: ? impf (zaspokójuvaty), pf (zaspokójity)
From calma, probably in imitation of French calme (adjective) and Spanish calmo.
calm (feminine calma, masculine plural calms, feminine plural calmes)
Borrowed from French calme.
- composure (calmness of mind or matter, self-possession)