C
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C

Translingual

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1

Etruscan ? (c), the source for Latin C Modification of upper case letter C, from Etruscan ? (c), from Ancient Greek ? (G, "Gamma"), from Phoenician ?(g, "gimel").

Pronunciation

  • (IPA symbol)
    (file)

Letter

c (upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
Usage notes
  • Not to be confused with ? (s) (the lunate sigma).
  • In many languages, the letter c represents both a "hard" /k/ sound and a "soft" sound (/s/, /ts/, /t?/, or /?/), based on the following letter.
  • In a number of languages, it is used only for the /t?/ sound.
  • In many languages, it occurs frequently in the digraph with ch.
  • In some romanization systems of non-Latin scripts, it represents /t?/, /?/, or /ts?/.
See also

Symbol

c

  1. (IPA) voiceless palatal plosive.

Etymology 2

Lower case form of upper case roman numeral C, a standardization of ? and C because the latter happens to be an abbreviation of Latin centum ("hundred"), from abbreviation of ?IC, an alternate form of >I<, from tally stick markings resembling ? (a superimposed X and I), from the practice of designating each tenth X notch with an extra cut.

Alternative forms

Numeral

c (lower case Roman numeral, upper case C)

  1. cardinal number one hundred (100).
Usage notes

With a bar over the numeral, i.e., as c, it represents one hundred thousand.

Derived terms
See also
  • Lesser roman numeral symbol: l ("50")
  • Greater roman numeral symbol: d ("500")
  • Roman numerals

Etymology 3

From centi-, from Latin centum ("hundred").

Symbol

c

  1. centi-.

Etymology 4

From Latin celerit?s ("speed").

Symbol

c

  1. (physics) The speed of light, 2.99792458 × 108 m/s.

Etymology 5

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Symbol

c

  1. (mathematics) The space of convergent sequences.

Gallery

See also

Other representations of C:


English

Etymology 1

The k-rune ?, an older version of Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ?

Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ?, which was later replaced by Latin 'c' Old English lower case letter c, from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case c of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ? (c, "cen").

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /si:/ (usually spelled cee)
(file)
(file)

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C, plural c's)

  1. The third letter of the English alphabet, called cee and written in the Latin script.

Number

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The ordinal number third, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called cee and written in the Latin script.

Derived terms

See also

Etymology 2

Various abbreviations

Adverb

c

  1. Alternative form of c.

Etymology 3

Noun

c (plural cs or c's)

  1. (music) The middle tone in either one of the sets of seven white keys on a keyboard or a set of seven strings on a stringed instrument.

Etymology 4

Verb

c

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of see; also C.

Afar

Pronunciation

Letter

c

  1. The sixth letter of the Afar alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Albanian

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /t?s(?)/

Letter

c (upper case C, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Albanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

Letter

c lower case (upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Basque

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Basque alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also


Catalan

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Catalan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Dutch

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Esperanto

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called co and written in the Latin script.

See also


Estonian

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Estonian alphabet, called tsee and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used only in foreign words.

See also


Fijian

Pronunciation

Letter

c (upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Fijian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'se:/, ['s?e?:] (name of letter)
  • (file)

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Finnish alphabet, called see and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords replaced with k or s.

See also

Noun

c

  1. (music) C (note)

Usage notes

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

Declension


French

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, L'Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Chapter I:
      Avec ces propos et d'autres semblables, le pauvre gentilhomme perdait le jugement. Il passait les nuits et se donnait la torture pour les comprendre, pour les approfondir, pour leur tirer le sens des entrailles, ce qu'Aristote lui-même n'aurait pu faire, s'il fût ressuscité tout exprès pour cela.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
      With these passages and other similar ones, the poor gentleman lost his judgement. He spent his nights and tortured himself to understand them, to consider them more deeply, to take from them their deepest meaning, which Aristotle himself would not have been able to do, had he been resurrected for that very purpose.

Contraction

c

  1. (text messaging, Internet slang) Informal spelling of c'est
    C nul ici sans George
    It's rubbish here without George

Fula

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

See also


Hungarian

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The fourth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Declension

Possessive forms of c
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. c-m c-im
2nd person sing. c-d c-id
3rd person sing. c-je c-i
1st person plural c-nk c-ink
2nd person plural c-tek c-itek
3rd person plural c-jük c-ik

Derived terms

See also


Ido

Pronunciation

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /ts/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /tse/

Letter

c (upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Interlingua

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /tse/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /k/ before 'a'/'o'/'u', /ts/ before 'i'/'e'/'y'

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Interlingua alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Noun

c m or f (invariable)

  1. See under C

Japanese

Alternative forms

Etymology

Short of (chan).

Suffix

c() o (-chan

  1. (teen girl's slang) Alternative spelling of (chan)

Related terms


Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. M?lenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

Letter

C

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The fourth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called c? and written in the Latin script.

See also


Lushootseed

Letter

c

  1. The fifth letter of the Lushootseed alphabet, pronounced as a voiceless alveolar affricate.

Malay

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Norwegian

Pronunciation

Letter

c

  1. The 3rd letter of the Norwegian alphabet.

Usage notes

  • Only used in words of foreign origin, usually English. Even rare in loanwords, as this letter does not represent a sound of its own.
  • Still kept in many Christian names, therefore Caroline and Karoline are both acceptable spellings.

Portuguese

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also

Etymology 2

From , short form of você ("you").

Pronoun

c m or f (plural 6)

  1. (Internet slang) Abbreviation of você.
    Synonym: vc

Etymology 3

Preposition

c

  1. Abbreviation of com.

Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The fifth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ce or and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

See C for pronunciation notes.

See also


Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

  • (uppercase): C

Pronunciation

Letter

c (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. The 3rd letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by b and followed by ?.


Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

Letter

c (upper case C)

  1. The fourth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Somali

Letter

c lower case (upper case C)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Somali alphabet, called cayn and written in the Latin script.

See also


Spanish

Pronunciation

(phoneme)

(letter name)

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Swedish

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /se:/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, /k/

Proper noun

c

  1. Centre Party; Abbreviation of Centerpartiet.

Turkish

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ce and written in the Latin script.

See also


Welsh

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Welsh alphabet, called ec and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by b and followed by ch.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cath gath nghath chath
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also

Further reading

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-present) , chapter C, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Zulu

Pronunciation

Letter

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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