But
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But
See also: bút, bût, b?t, B?t, but-, and

English

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From Middle English but, buten, boute, bouten, from Old English b?tan ("out of, outside of, off, round about, except, without, all but, but only, besides, in addition to, in spite of, except that, save, but, only, unless, save that, if only, provided that, outside"), equivalent to be- +‎ out. Cognate with Scots but, bot ("outside, without, but"), Saterland Frisian buute ("without"), West Frisian bûten ("outside of, apart from, other than, except, but"), Dutch buiten ("outside"), Dutch Low Saxon buten ("outside"), German Low German buuten, buute ("outside"), obsolete German baußen ("outside"), Luxembourgish baussen. Compare bin, about.

Pronunciation

Preposition

but

  1. Apart from, except (for), excluding.
    Everyone but Father left early.
    I like everything but that.
    Nobody answered the door when I knocked, so I had no choice but to leave.
    • 2011 October 23, Becky Ashton, "QPR 1-0 Chelsea", in BBC Sport:
      Luiz struggled with the movement of Helguson in the box, as he collected a long ball and the Spaniard barged him over, leaving referee Chris Foy little option but to point to the spot.
  2. (obsolete outside Scotland) Outside of.
    Away but the hoose and tell me whae's there.

Adverb

but (not comparable)

  1. Merely, only, just.
    • 1791, Robert Burns, "Ae Fond Kiss":
      For to see her was to love her,
      Love but her, and love for ever.
    • 1900, L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz:
      Now the Wicked Witch of the West had but one eye, yet that was as powerful as a telescope, and could see everywhere.
    • 1977, Alistair Horne, A Savage War of Peace, New York Review Books, 2006, p.49:
      The stony outcrops are often covered but thinly with arable soil; winters are bitingly cold, and rainfall scanty and unpredictable.
    • 1990, Claude de Bèze, 1688 revolution in Siam: the memoir of Father de Bèze, s.j, translated by E. W. Hutchinson, University Press, page 153:
      May the Protector of the Buddhist Faith grant me but seven more days grace of life to be quit of this disloyal couple, father and son.
  2. (Australia, Geordie, conjunctive) Though, however.
    • 1906, Steele Rudd, Back At Our Selection, page 161:
      "Supposin' the chap ain't dead, but?" Regan persisted.
    I'll have to go home early but.
  3. Used as an intensifier.
    Nobody, but nobody, crosses me and gets away with it.
    • 2013 Nora Roberts, Irish Thoroughbred p. 25 (Little, Brown) ->ISBN
      "Jakers, but we worked." With a long breath she shut her eyes. "But it was too much for one woman and a half-grown girl [...] "

Synonyms

Conjunction

but

  1. On the contrary, rather (as a regular adversative conjunction, introducing a word or clause in contrast or contradiction with the preceding negative clause or sentence).
    I am not rich but [I am] poor  not John but Peter went there.
  2. However, although, nevertheless, on the other hand (introducing a clause contrary to prior belief or in contrast with the preceding clause or sentence).
    She is very old but still attractive.
    You told me I could do that, but she said that I could not.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. In Six Volumes, volume IV, London: Printed by A[ndrew] Millar, [...], OCLC 928184292, book X:
      In reality, I apprehend every amorous widow on the stage would run the hazard of being condemned as a servile imitation of Dido, but that happily very few of our play-house critics understand enough of Latin to read Virgil.
    • 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, "Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains", in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34:
      Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.
    • 2013 June 29, "Travels and travails", in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 55:
      Even without hovering drones, a lurking assassin, a thumping score and a denouement, the real-life story of Edward Snowden, a rogue spy on the run, could be straight out of the cinema. But, as with Hollywood, the subplots and exotic locations may distract from the real message: America's discomfort and its foes' glee.
  3. Except that (introducing a subordinate clause which qualifies a negative statement); also, with omission of the subject of the subordinate clause, acting as a negative relative, "except one that", "except such that".
    I cannot but feel offended.
  4. (archaic) Without its also being the case that; unless that (introducing a necessary concomitant).
    It never rains but pours.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.vi:
      No arboret with painted blossomes drest, / And smelling sweet, but there it might be found [...]
  5. (obsolete) Except with; unless with; without.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Fuller
      So insolent that he could not go but either spurning equals or trampling on his inferiors.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Motto of the Mackintoshes
      Touch not the cat but a glove.
  6. (obsolete) Only; solely; merely.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      Observe but how their own principles combat one another.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Bible, 2 Kings vii. 4
      If they kill us, we shall but die.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Dryden
      a formidable man but to his friends
  7. (obsolete) Until.

Usage notes

  • Beginning a sentence with a coordinating conjunction such as but is considered incorrect by classical grammarians who claim that a coordinating conjunction at the start of a sentence has nothing to connect. The use of the word in this way is very common, however; and it may be argued that the connection is with the preceding context. Nevertheless, it is best to avoid beginning a sentence with but in formal writing. Combining sentences or using however, nevertheless, still, or though is more appropriate for the formal style.
    • But this tool has its uses.
    • This tool has its uses, however.
    • Nevertheless, this tool has its uses.
    • Still, this tool has its uses.
    • This tool still has its uses.
    • This tool has its uses, though.

Synonyms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun

but (plural buts)

  1. An instance or example of using the word "but".
    It has to be done - no ifs or buts.
  2. (Scotland) The outer room of a small two-room cottage.
  3. A limit; a boundary.
  4. The end; especially the larger or thicker end, or the blunt, in distinction from the sharp, end; the butt.

Verb

but (third-person singular simple present buts, present participle butting, simple past and past participle butted)

  1. (archaic) Use the word "but".
    But me no buts.

Derived terms

References

  • but at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • but in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Anagrams


Danish

Etymology

From Middle Low German butt.

Adjective

but

  1. (rare) blunt

Inflection

Inflection of but
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular but 2
Neuter singular but 2
Plural butte 2
Definite attributive1 butte
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Synonyms

Antonyms


French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle French but ("mark, goal"), from Old French but ("aim, goal, end, target"), from Old French butte ("mound, knoll, target"), from Frankish *but ("stump, log"), or from Old Norse bútr ("log, stump, butt"); both from Proto-Germanic *but? ("end, piece"), from Proto-Indo-European *b?Àud- ("to beat, push"). The semantic development from "mound" to "target" is likely from martial training practice (see target). Cognate with Old English butt ("tree stump"). More at butt.

Noun

but m (plural buts)

  1. aim
  2. goal (result one is attempting to achieve)
  3. (sports) goal (in the place, act, or point sense)
Synonyms
Related terms

Etymology 2

From boire.

Verb

but

  1. third-person singular past historic of boire

Further reading


Maltese

Pronunciation

Noun

but m (plural bwiet)

  1. pocket

Middle English

Noun

but

  1. (Northern) Alternative form of bote ("boot")

Polish

Pronunciation

Noun

but m inan

  1. shoe
  2. boot

Declension

Derived terms

Further reading

  • but in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romani

Etymology

From Sanskrit (bahutva, "much, many, very"). Cognate with Hindi ? (bahut).

Adjective

but (comparative majbut, superlative legmajbut)

  1. many
    But rroma mekhle i India thaj gele p-e aver phuva.
    Many Roma left India and went towards other lands.
  2. much
  3. very

Scots

Noun

but (plural buts)

  1. The outer room of a small two-room cottage.

Preposition

but

  1. Outside of, without.

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish (but)

Pronunciation

Noun

b?t m (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. thigh
  2. ham

Declension

References

  • "but" in Hrvatski jezi?ni portal

Turkish

Etymology

From Ottoman Turkish (bud), (but), from Proto-Turkic. Compare Old Turkic [script needed] (b?t).

Noun

but (definite accusative butu, plural butlar)

  1. thigh

Synonyms


Volapük

Pronunciation

Noun

but (nominative plural buts)

  1. boot

Declension


Westrobothnian

Etymology

From Old Norse bútr, likely in ablaut relation to Old Norse bauta, Old High German b?zan, Old English b?atan, English beat. Compare Jamtish búss, Norwegian butt, buss.

Pronunciation 1

Noun

but m (definite butn)

  1. A thick stick.
  2. A piece, clod, lump.
  3. In general that which is bulky and shapeless.
    En but dill kall
    a big and fat man
  4. A cumulus cloud.
Derived terms

Pronunciation 2

Verb

but

  1. To earth up potatoes with a certain kind of plough.

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