Boss
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Boss
See also: Boss, BOSS, and boß

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Dutch baas, from Middle Dutch baes ("master of a household, friend"), from Old Dutch *baso ("uncle, kinsman"), from Proto-Germanic *baswô, masculine form of Proto-Germanic *basw? ("father's sister, aunt, cousin"). Cognate with Middle Low German b?s ("supervisor, foreman"), Old Frisian bas ("master") (> Saterland Frisian Boas ("boss")), Old High German basa ("father's sister, cousin"; > German Base ("aunt, cousin")).

Originally a term of respect used to address an older relative, later, in New Amsterdam, it began to mean a person in charge who is not a master. The representation of Dutch -aa- by English -o- is due to the older unrounded pronunciation of this letter, which is still used in North America and parts of Ireland, but was formerly found in some British accents as well.

Noun

boss (plural bosses)

  1. A person who oversees and directs the work of others; a supervisor.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dawn Pine and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Bad people make for bad bosses.
  2. A person in charge of a business or company.
    Chat turned to whisper when the boss entered the conference room.
    My boss complains that I'm always late to work.
  3. A leader, the head of an organized group or team.
    They named him boss because he had good leadership skills.
  4. The head of a political party in a given region or district.
    He is the Republican boss in Kentucky.
  5. (informal, especially India) A term of address to a man.
    Yes, boss.
  6. (video games) An enemy, often at the end of a level, that is particularly challenging and must be beaten in order to progress.
  7. (humorous) Wife.
    There's no olive oil; will sunflower oil do? -- I'll have to run that by the boss.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Descendants
  • -> Japanese: (bosu)
  • -> Indonesian: bos
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb

boss (third-person singular simple present bosses, present participle bossing, simple past and past participle bossed)

  1. (transitive) To exercise authoritative control over; to tell (someone) what to do, often repeatedly.
    Synonyms: lord over, boss around
    • 1931, Robert L. May, Rudolph, The Red-Nosed Reindeer, Montgomery Ward (publisher):
      By YOU last night's journey was actually bossed / Without you, I'm certain, we'd all have been lost.
    • 1932, Lorine Pruette, The Parent and the Happy Child, page 76
      His sisters bossed him and spoiled him. All their lives he was to go on being their little brother, who could do no wrong, because he was the baby; [...]
    • 1967, Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, The purloined paperweight, page 90
      She bossed him, and he's never gotten over it. She still orders him around, and instead of telling her to go soak her head, he just says 'Yes, ma'am' as weak as a newborn jellyfish [...]
    • 1980, Jean Toomer The wayward and the seeking: a collection of writings by Jean Toomer, page 40
      For if, on the one hand, I bossed him and showed him what to do and how to do it, [...]
Derived terms
Translations

Adjective

boss (not comparable)

  1. (slang, US, Canada, Liverpudlian) Of excellent quality, first-rate.
    That is a boss Zefron poster.

Etymology 2

From Middle English bos, bose, boce, from Old French boce ("lump, bulge, protuberance, knot"), from Frankish *bottja, from Proto-Germanic *bautan? ("to hit, strike, beat"). Doublet of beat; see there for more.

Noun

boss (plural bosses)

  1. A swelling, lump or protuberance in an animal, person or object.
  2. (geology) A lump-like mass of rock, especially one projecting through a stratum of different rock.
  3. A convex protuberance in hammered work, especially the rounded projection in the centre of a shield.
  4. (mechanics) A protrusion, frequently a cylinder of material that extends beyond a hole.
    • 1985, Cormac McCarthy, Blood Meridian, chapter IV
      The seargent ... screwing a bipod into the threaded boss on the underside of the barrel would kill these animals ...
  5. (architecture) A knob or projection, usually at the intersection of ribs in a vault.
  6. (archery) A target block, made of foam but historically made of hay bales, to which a target face is attached.
  7. A wooden vessel for the mortar used in tiling or masonry, hung by a hook from the laths, or from the rounds of a ladder.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gwilt to this entry?)
  8. A head or reservoir of water.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

boss (third-person singular simple present bosses, present participle bossing, simple past and past participle bossed)

  1. (transitive) To decorate with bosses; to emboss.

Etymology 3

Apparently a corruption of bass.

Noun

boss (plural bosses)

  1. (obsolete) A hassock or small seat, especially made from a bundle of straw.
    • 1916, James Joyce, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Macmillan Press Ltd, paperback, 36:
      All were waiting : uncle Charles, who sat far away in the shadow of the window, Dante and Mr Casey, who sat in the easy chairs at either side of the hearth, Stephen, seated on a chair between them, his feet resting on a toasting boss.
Synonyms
Translations

Anagrams


French

Etymology

Borrowed from English boss.

Pronunciation

Noun

boss m or f (plural boss or bosses)

  1. boss (leader)

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English boss.

Noun

boss m (invariable)

  1. boss (leader of a business, company or criminal organization)

Synonyms


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

Alternative forms

Noun

boss n (definite singular bosset, uncountable)

  1. garbage, rubbish, trash (leftover waste to be discarded)
Usage notes

Used mainly in the Bergen region.

Etymology 2

Noun

boss m (definite singular bossen, indefinite plural bosser, definite plural bossene)

  1. (colloquial) boss, supervisor (someone who oversees work)
  2. boss (final enemy in a video game)

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

boss n (definite singular bosset, uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of bos

Swedish

Etymology

Borrowed from English boss.

Noun

boss c

  1. (video games) boss; final enemy
  2. (colloquial) boss, supervisor; someone who oversees work

Declension

Declension of boss 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative boss bossen bossar bossarna
Genitive boss bossens bossars bossarnas

Tagalog

Etymology

From English boss.

Noun

boss

  1. (colloquial, slang, informal) A male term of address.
  2. (colloquial, slang, informal) boss

Derived terms


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

boss
 



 



 
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