Bob
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Bob
See also: Bob, BOB, , bób, and

English

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English bobben ("to strike, beat, shake, jog"), of uncertain origin. Compare Scots bob ("to mark, butt dance with a bobbing motion"), Icelandic boppa ("to wave up and down"), Swedish bobba ("to bob"), Dutch dobberen ("bobbing").

Verb

bob (third-person singular simple present bobs, present participle bobbing, simple past and past participle bobbed)

  1. (intransitive) To move gently and vertically, in either a single motion or repeatedly up and down, at or near the surface of a body of water, or similar medium.
    The cork bobbed gently in the calm water.
    The ball, which we had thought lost, suddenly bobbed up out of the water.
    The flowers were bobbing in the wind.
  2. (transitive) To move (something) as though it were bobbing in water.
    I bobbed my head under water and saw the goldfish.
    bob one's head (= to nod)
  3. To curtsy.
  4. To strike with a quick, light blow; to tap.
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. A bobbing motion; a quick up and down movement.
    a bob of the head
  2. A curtsy.
  3. A bobber (buoyant fishing device).
  4. Any of various hesperiid butterflies.
Translations

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. A bob haircut.
  2. Any round object attached loosely to a flexible line, a rod, a body part etc., so that it may swing when hanging from it
  3. The dangling mass of a pendulum or plumb line.
  4. The docked tail of a horse.
  5. A short line ending a stanza of a poem.
  6. The short runner of a sled.
  7. A bobsleigh.
  8. A small wheel, made of leather, with rounded edges, used in polishing spoons, etc.
  9. A working beam in a steam engine.
  10. A particular style of ringing changes on bells.
  11. A blow; a shake or jog; a rap, as with the fist.
  12. (obsolete) A knot or short curl of hair; also, a bob wig.
  13. (obsolete) The refrain of a song.
  14. (obsolete) A jeer; a sharp jest or taunt.
Translations

Verb

bob (third-person singular simple present bobs, present participle bobbing, simple past and past participle bobbed)

  1. (transitive) To cut (hair) into a bob haircut.
    I got my hair bobbed. How do you like it?
  2. (transitive) To shorten by cutting; to dock; to crop
  3. To bobsleigh.
Translations

Etymology 3

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

bob (plural bob)

  1. (Kenya, slang ; UK and Australia, historical, dated) A shilling.
    • 1922 February, James Joyce, "[[Episode 12: The Cyclops]]", in Ulysses, London: The Egoist Press, published October 1922, OCLC 2297483:
      One of the bottlenosed fraternity it was went by the name of James Wought alias Saphiro alias Spark and Spiro, put an ad in the papers saying he'd give a passage to Canada for twenty bob.
    • 1933, George Orwell, Down and Out in Paris and London, xxix
      ''Ere y'are, the best rig-out you ever 'ad. A tosheroon [half a crown] for the coat, two 'ogs for the trousers, one and a tanner for the boots, and a 'og for the cap and scarf. That's seven bob.'
    • 1960, P. G. Wodehouse, Jeeves in the Offing, chapter XVII
      [...] there was a sound of barking and a great hefty dog of the Hound of the Baskervilles type came galloping at me, obviously intent on mayhem, [... and] I was just commending my soul to God and thinking that this was where my new flannel trousers got about thirty bobs' worth of value bitten out of them [...]
    I could have saved myself a few bob buying it somewhere else.
  2. (Australia, dated slang) A 10-cent coin.
  3. (slang) An unspecified amount of money.
    • Spot me a few bob, Robert.
Usage notes
  • The use of bob for shilling is dated slang in the UK and Australia, since decimalisation. In East African countries where the currency is the shilling, it is current usage, and not considered slang. OED gives first usage as 1789.
  • The use of bob to describe a 10-cent coin is derived from the fact that it was of equal worth to a shilling during decimalisation, however since then, the term has slowly dropped out of usage and is seldom used today.
Derived terms

Etymology 4

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. Abbreviation of shishkabob.

Etymology 5

blitter object

Noun

bob (plural bobs)

  1. (computer graphics, demoscene) A graphical element, resembling a hardware sprite, that can be blitted around the screen in large numbers.
    • 1986, Eugene P Mortimore, Amiga programmer's handbook, Volumes 1-2:
      The bob list determines the drawing priority...
    • 1995, "John Girvin", Blitting bobs (on Internet newsgroup comp.sys.amiga.programmer)
      IMHO, youd [sic] be better doing other things with the CPU and letting the blitter draw bobs, esp on a machine with fast ram.
    • 2002, "demoeffects", Demotized 0.0.1 - A collection of demo effects from the early days of the demo scene. (on Internet newsgroup fm.announce)
      Changes: This release adds 2 new effects (bobs and unlimited bobs), has a GFX directory for sharing graphics, adds utility functions to the common code...
Derived terms

Anagrams


Dutch

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From bewust onbeschonken bestuurder ("deliberately unintoxicated driver").

Noun

bob m (plural bobs, diminutive bobje n)

  1. designated driver

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bob.

Noun

bob f or m (plural bobs)

  1. (winter sports) bob, bobsleigh
    Synonym: bobslee

French

Etymology

From the English personal name Bob, used to designate light infantrymen, and probably introduced into French during the First World War.

Pronunciation

Noun

bob m (plural bobs)

  1. bucket hat, fishing hat

Further reading


Hungarian

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ 'bob]
  • Hyphenation: bob
  • Rhymes: -ob

Noun

bob (plural bobok)

  1. bobsleigh
  2. a type of sled (a flat-bottomed concave plastic sled with no runners, equipped with brakes)
  3. a car used on the track of an alpine slide or bobsled rollercoaster (mountain coaster)

Declension

Possessive forms of bob
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bobom bobjaim
2nd person sing. bobod bobjaid
3rd person sing. bobja bobjai
1st person plural bobunk bobjaink
2nd person plural bobotok bobjaitok
3rd person plural bobjuk bobjaik

Synonyms

Derived terms


Irish

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun 1

bob m (genitive singular bob, nominative plural bobanna)

  1. (hair) bob
    1. fringe (of hair over forehead)
    2. bob(tail)
      Synonym: bob eireabaill
Derived terms

Noun 2

bob m (genitive singular bob, nominative plural bobanna)

  1. stump, target (in games)
Derived terms

Declension

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bob bhob mbob
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • "bob" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing "bob" in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing "bob" in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Italian

Noun

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

bob m (invariable)

  1. bobsleigh / bobsled

Related terms


Lower Sorbian

bob

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *bob?, from Proto-Indo-European *b?ab?-. Cognate with Upper Sorbian bob, Polish bób, Czech bob, Russian (bob), Serbo-Croatian b?b.

Pronunciation

Noun

bob m

  1. (uncountable) bean plant
  2. beanfield

Declension

Derived terms

  • bobowka f ("an individual bean seed")

See also

Further reading

  • bob in Ernst Muka/Mucke (St. Petersburg and Prague 1911-28): S?ownik dolnoserbskeje r?cy a jeje nar?cow / Wörterbuch der nieder-wendischen Sprache und ihrer Dialekte. Reprinted 2008, Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.
  • bob in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski s?ownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Portuguese

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

bob m (plural bobes)

  1. curler (small cylindrical tube)
  2. hair roller, hair curler

Romanian

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Serbo-Croatian b?b.

Noun

bob n (plural boabe)

  1. A type of bean, field bean, horse bean, broad bean
  2. a grain
  3. Any seed, pit, stone, berry.

Related terms

See also

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bobsleigh.

Noun

bob n (plural boburi)

  1. bobsleigh

See also


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *bob?.

Pronunciation

Noun

b?b m (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. broad bean
  2. horse bean
Declension

Etymology 2

From English bob.

Pronunciation

Noun

b?b m (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. bobsled
Declension

Spanish

Noun

bob m (plural bobs)

  1. bob, bob haircut (hairstyle)

Welsh

Pronunciation

Adjective

bob

  1. Soft mutation of pob.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pob bob mhob phob
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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