Blank
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Blank
See also: Blank and blänk

English

Etymology

From Middle English blank, blonc, blaunc, blaunche, from Anglo-Norman blonc, blaunc, blaunche from Old French blanc, feminine blanche, from Frankish *blank ("gleaming, white, blinding") from Proto-Germanic *blankaz ("white, bright, blinding"), from Proto-Indo-European *b?ley?- ("to shine"). Akin to Old High German blanch ("shining, bright, white") (German blank), Old English blanc ("white, grey"), blanca ("white steed"), Spanish blanco. More at blink, blind, blanch.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /blæ?k/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æ?k

Adjective

blank (comparative blanker or more blank, superlative blankest or most blank)

  1. (archaic) White or pale; without colour.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      To the blank moon / Her office they prescribed.
  2. Free from writing, printing, or marks; having an empty space to be filled in
    blank paper
    a blank check
    a blank ballot
  3. (sports) Scoreless; without any goals or points.
    • 2011 December 27, Mike Henson, "Norwich 0 - 2 Tottenham", in BBC Sport[1]:
      Referee Michael Oliver failed to detect a foul in a crowded box and the Canaries escaped down the tunnel with the scoreline still blank.
  4. (figuratively) Lacking characteristics which give variety; uniform.
    a blank desert; a blank wall; blank unconsciousness
  5. Absolute; downright; sheer.
    There was a look of blank terror on his face.
  6. Without expression.
    Failing to understand the question, he gave me a blank stare.
  7. Utterly confounded or discomfited.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Adam [...] astonied stood, and blank.
  8. Empty; void; without result; fruitless.
    a blank day
  9. Devoid of thoughts, memory, or inspiration.
    The shock left his memory blank.
  10. (military) Of ammunition: having propellant but no bullets; unbulleted.
    The recruits were issued with blank rounds for a training exercise.

Descendants

  • Belizean Creole: blank

Translations

Noun

blank (plural blanks)

  1. (archaic, historical, obsolete) A small French coin, originally of silver, afterwards of copper, worth 5 deniers; also a silver coin of Henry V current in the parts of France then held by the English, worth about 8 pence [15th-17th century].
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Nares to this entry?)
  2. (obsolete) A nonplus [16th century].
  3. The white spot in the centre of a target; hence (figuratively) the object to which anything is directed or aimed, the range of such aim [since the 16th century].
  4. A lot by which nothing is gained; a ticket in a lottery on which no prize is indicated [since the 16th century].
    • 1717, John Dryden, Juvenal's Satires[4]:
      [...] and in Fortune's lottery lies / A heap of blanks, like this, for one small prize.
  5. An empty space; a void, for example on a paper [since the 16th century].
    1. A space to be filled in on a form or template.
      Write your answers in the blanks.
    2. Provisional words printed in italics (instead of blank spaces) in a bill before Parliament, being matters of practical detail, of which the final form will be settled in Committee [since the 19th century].
  6. (now chiefly U.S.) A document, paper, or form with spaces left blank to be filled up at the pleasure of the person to whom it is given (e.g. a blank charter, ballot, form, contract, etc.), or as the event may determine; a blank form [since the 16th century].
    • 1859, John Gorham Palfrey, History of New England[5], volume 1:
      [...] and the freemen signified their approbation by an inscribed vote, and their dissent by a blank.
    1. An empty form without substance; anything insignificant; nothing at all [since the 17th century].
    2. An unprinted leaf of a book [20th century].
  7. (literature) Blank verse [since the 16th century].
  8. (mechanics, engineering) A piece of metal (such as a coin, screw, nuts), cut and shaped to the required size of the thing to be made, and ready for the finishing operations; (coining) the disc of metal before stamping [since the 16th century].
    1. Any article of glass on which subsequent processing is required [since the 19th century].
    2. (electric recording) The shaved wax ready for placing on a recording machine for making wax records with a stylus [20th century].
  9. (figuratively) A vacant space, place, or period; a void [since the 17th century].
  10. The 1 / 230400 of a grain [17th century].
  11. An empty space in one's memory; a forgotten item or memory [since the 18th century].
    • 1736, Jonathan Swift, Letters[6]:
      My head is so ill that I cannot write a paper full as I used to do; and yet I will not forgive a blank of half an inch from you.
    • 1818, Henry Hallam, View of the State of Europe During the Middle Ages[7]:
      From this time there ensues a long blank in the history of French legislation.
    • 1863, George Eliot, Romola[8]:
      "I was ill. I can't tell how long — it was a blank. [...] "
  12. A dash written in place of an omitted letter or word [since the 18th century]
  13. The space character; the character resulting from pressing the space-bar on a keyboard.
  14. (dominoes) A domino without points on one or both of its divisions.
    the double blank
    the six blank
  15. Short for blank-cartridge; a cartridge that is designed to simulate the noise and smoke of real gunfire without actually firing a projectile [since the 19th century].
  16. (figuratively, in the expression 'shooting blanks', sports) An ineffective effort which achieves nothing [since the 20th century].
    1. (chemistry) A sample for a control experiment that does not contain any of the analyte of interest, in order to deliberately produce a non-detection to verify that a detection is distinguishable from it.
    2. (slang) Infertile semen.

Synonyms

Translations

Verb

blank (third-person singular simple present blanks, present participle blanking, simple past and past participle blanked)

  1. (transitive) To make void; to erase.
    I blanked out my previous entry.
  2. (transitive, slang) To ignore (a person) deliberately.
    She blanked me for no reason.
  3. (transitive) To prevent from scoring, for example in a sporting event.
    The team was blanked.
    England blanks Wales to advance to the final.
  4. (intransitive) To become blank.
  5. (intransitive) To be temporarily unable to remember.
    I'm blanking on her name right now.

Usage notes

Translations

Derived terms


Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch blank.

Pronunciation

Adjective

blank (attributive blanke, comparative blanker, superlative blankste)

  1. white
  2. White; Caucasian

Antonyms


Dalmatian

Adjective

blank m (plural blanke, feminine blanka)

  1. Alternative form of blanc

Danish

Adjective

blank

  1. bright, shining, glossy
  2. empty
  3. blank
  4. broke (be without money)

Inflection

Inflection of blank
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular blank blankere blankest2
Neuter singular blankt blankere blankest2
Plural blanke blankere blankest2
Definite attributive1 blanke blankere blankeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

References


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch blanc, from Old Dutch *blank, from Proto-Germanic *blankaz.

Pronunciation

Adjective

blank (comparative blanker, superlative blankst)

  1. white, pale
  2. white (having a light skin tone)

Inflection

Derived terms

Descendants


German

Etymology

From Middle High German blanc, from Old High German blanc ("shining, bright"), from Proto-Germanic *blankaz.

Pronunciation

Adjective

blank (comparative blanker, superlative am blanksten)

  1. (archaic) bright
  2. spotlessly clean; shining; polished
    Du musst die Platte blank scheuern.
    You must rub the platter until it is shining.
  3. bare; naked; uncovered
    mit blankem Hintern - with one's behind uncovered
  4. pure; sheer
    Blanke Wut packte ihn.
    Sheer anger seized him.
  5. (colloquial) broke; out of money
  6. (card games) being a player's last one of a respective grouping of cards (which means that the card is unprotected when the player must follow suit in trick-taking games)
    Hätte ich Trumpf ausgespielt, wäre mein Fuchs blank gewesen.
    If I had played trump, my "fox" [ace of diamonds in Doppelkopf] would have been my last trump card.

Declension

Derived terms

Further reading


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Middle Low German blank

Adjective

blank (masculine and feminine blank, neuter blankt, definite singular and plural blanke, comparative blankere, indefinite superlative blankest, definite superlative blankeste)

  1. glossy, shining, shiny
  2. bright, clear, glittering, sunny
  3. blank (e.g. cheque, paper, mind)

Derived terms

References

  • "blank" in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • "blank_1" in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

Adjective

blank (masculine and feminine blank, neuter blankt, definite singular and plural blanke, comparative blankare, indefinite superlative blankast, definite superlative blankaste)

  1. shiny, reflective
    Dei pussa sølvtøyet så det vart blankt.
    They shined the silver until it was shiny.
  2. exactly, point zero (of time)
    Han sprang 100 meter på ti blank.
    He ran 100 meters in ten point zero seconds.
  3. blank, empty
    Ho gav dottera eit blankt ark til å teikna på.
    She gave her daughter a blank piece of paper to draw on.
  4. without knowledge about something
    Eg er heilt blank om dette temaet.
    I know nothing about this subject.

References


Plautdietsch

Adjective

blank

  1. shiny, lustrous, glittering

Swedish

Etymology

From Middle Low German blank, from Old Saxon blank, from Proto-Germanic *blankaz. Displaced native Swedish black, from Old Norse blakkr.

Adjective

blank (comparative blankare, superlative blankast)

  1. reflective, shiny
  2. smooth

Inflection

Inflection of blank
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular blank blankare blankast
Neuter singular blankt blankare blankast
Plural blanka blankare blankast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 blanke blankare blankaste
All blanka blankare blankaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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