Below
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Below
See also: Below and bellow

English

Etymology

From Middle English bilooghe, equivalent to be- +‎ low. Compare also earlier Middle English alogh, alow, alo?, alowe ("below") and benethen ("beneath").

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /b?'l/
  • (US) IPA(key): /b?'lo?/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: be?low
  • Rhymes: -

Preposition

below

A square below a circle
  1. Lower in spatial position than.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.
    The treasure is buried two meters below the surface.
  2. (law) Within the writing of a given document which follows a particular appearance of the word "below".
    "By their execution hereof, the Parties incur a legal obligation to pass consideration under this Loan Contract as is set forth below."
  3. Lower in value, price, rank or concentration than.
    • 1705 (revised 1718), Joseph Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy
      one degree below kings
    • 2013 July-August, Philip J. Bushnell, "Solvents, Ethanol, Car Crashes & Tolerance", in American Scientist:
      Surprisingly, this analysis revealed that acute exposure to solvent vapors at concentrations below those associated with long-term effects appears to increase the risk of a fatal automobile accident. Furthermore, this increase in risk is comparable to the risk of death from leukemia after long-term exposure to benzene, another solvent, which has the well-known property of causing this type of cancer.
    The temperature is below zero.
  4. Downstream of.
  5. South of.
  6. Unsuitable to the rank or dignity of; beneath.
    Such petty behavior is below me.
  7. (stage directions) Downstage of.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adverb

below (not comparable)

  1. In a lower place.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [...], OCLC 752825175:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [...] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, [...].
  2. On a lower storey.
  3. Further down.
  4. (nautical) On a lower deck.
    the landlubbers lying down below
  5. (of a temperature) Below zero.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Translations

Derived terms

Pages starting with "below".

References

  • Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "The vertical axis", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

Anagrams


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