Middle English , bed , from bedde Old English bedd ( " bed, couch, resting-place; garden-bed, plot " ), from Proto-Germanic *badj? ( " plot, grave, resting-place, bed " ), perhaps (if originally "dug sleeping-place") from Proto-Indo-European *b?ed?- ( " to dig " ). Cognate with Scots , bed bede ( " bed " ), North Frisian , baad beed ( " bed " ), West Frisian bêd ( " bed " ), Low German , Bedd Dutch bed ( " bed " ), German Bett ( " bed " ), Danish , bed Swedish bädd ( " bed " ), Icelandic beður ( " bed " ), and (through , if the above etymology is correct) with Proto-Indo-European Ancient Greek ? ( bothuros, " pit " ), Latin fossa ( " ditch " ), Latvian bedre ( " hole " ), Welsh bedd ( " grave " ), Breton bez ( " grave " ); and probably also Russian ( bodat? ).
The traditional etymology as a derivation from the Proto-Indo-European verb for 'to dig' has been doubted, arguing that there are (allegedly) few, if any, cultures known to dig out beds, rather than to build "pads". However, what the Germanic word originally referred to is not known with precision, and it notably has the additional meaning "flower-bed, plot", which is preserved in English and several other modern Germanic languages, but present in older stages as well. Additionally, the term may have originally been used in the sense of a "burial plot" for laying those who were asleep in death, and from there extended also to symbolise a place where one slept in general (In Modern German, two separate words exist,
Bett being the normal term, the rare variant having been adopted for "flower-bed"). Perhaps the word originally referred to dug sleeping-places of animals, compare (with the inverse semantic development) Beet from lair Old English le?er ( " couch, bed " ).
bed ( plural )
beds A piece of
furniture, usually flat and soft, on which to rest or sleep.
My cat often sleeps on my bed. I keep a glass of water next to my bed when I sleep. 1762, Charles Johnstone, , volume 2, Dublin: Printed by Dillon Chamberlaine, The Reverie; or, A Flight to the Paradise of Fools , page 202: OCLC 519072825 At length, one night, when the company by some accident broke up much sooner than ordinary, so that the candles were not half burnt out, she was not able to resist the temptation, but resolved to have them some way or other. Accordingly, as soon as the hurry was over, and the servants, as she thought, all gone to sleep, she stole out of her bed, and went down stairs, naked to her shift as she was, with a design to steal them [... ] . A prepared
spot in which to spend the night.
When camping, he usually makes a bed for the night from hay and a blanket.
( usually after a preposition ) One's place of sleep or rest.
Go to bed! I had breakfast in bed this morning.
( uncountable , usually after a preposition ) Sleep; rest; getting to sleep.
He's been afraid of bed since he saw the scary film.
( uncountable , usually after a preposition ) The time for going to sleep or resting in bed; bedtime.
I read until bed.
( uncountable ) Time spent in a bed.
1903, Thomas Stretch Dowse, Lectures on Massage and Electricity in the Treatment of Disease, page 276: I am quite sure that too much bed, if not too much sleep, is prejudicial, though a certain amount is absolutely necessary.
1907, Jabez Spencer Balfour, My Prison Life, page 181: Some prisoners, indeed, are always up before the bell rings -- such was my practice -- they prefer to grope about in the dark to tossing about in the utter weariness of too much bed. 1972, James Verney Cable, Principles of Medicine: An Integrated Textbook for Nurses: This condition is one of the dangers of "too much bed". The nurse should inspect the legs of each patient daily
( figuratively ) Marriage.
date this quote by Earl of Clarendon and provide title, author's full name, and other details?) George, the eldest son of his second bed. ( figuratively , uncountable ) Sexual activity.
Too much bed, not enough rest. A place, or flat
surface or layer, on which something else rests or is laid.
The meats and cheeses lay on a bed of lettuce. The
bottom of a body of water, such as an ocean, sea, lake, or river. [from later 16
thc.] sea bed; river bed; lake bed; There's a lot of trash on the bed of the river. An area where a large number of
oysters, mussels, other sessile shellfish, or a large amount of seaweed is found.
Oysters are farmed from their beds. 1941, Emily Carr, , Chapter 18, Klee Wyck 
I knew that there were kelp beds and reefs which could rip the bottoms from boats down in Skedans Bay. A
We added a new bush to our rose bed.
Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines. A foundation or supporting surface formed of a
A bed of concrete makes a strong subsurface for an asphalt parking lot. The superficial
earthwork, or ballast, of a railroad. The
platform of a truck, trailer, railcar, or other vehicle that supports the load to be hauled.
The parcels were loaded onto the truck bed before transportation. A
shaped piece of timber to hold a cask clear of a ship's floor; a pallet.
( printing , dated ) The flat part of the press, on which the form is laid.
( computing ) The flat surface of a scanner on which a document is placed to be scanned. A piece of
music, normally instrumental, over which a radio DJ talks. ( darts ) Any of the sections of a dartboard with a point value, delimited by a wire. ( heading ) A
layer or surface. A
deposit of ore, coal, etc.
( geology ) The smallest division of a geologic formation or stratigraphic rock series marked by well-defined divisional planes ( bedding planes) separating it from layers above and below.
( masonry ) The horizontal surface of a building stone.
the upper and lower beds
( masonry ) The lower surface of a brick, slate, or tile.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?) ( masonry ) A course of stone or brick in a wall.
Sense 1. To prepare a bed is usually
to "make" the bed, or ( US , Southern ) to "spread" the bed, the verb spread probably having been developed from bedspread.
Like many nouns denoting places where people spend time, bed requires no article after certain prepositions: hence in bed ( " lying in a bed " ), go to bed ( " get into a bed " ), and so on. The forms in a bed, etc. do exist, but tend to imply mere presence in the bed, without it being for the purpose of sleep.
( division of a geologic formation ) : , layer stratum ( platform on a vehicle ) : tray
pet Japanese: ( beddo )
piece of furniture
? ( ?c°?rt? ) Adyghe:
? ( or ), ( ?o? ), ( ok°r ) Afrikaans:
bed , (af) kooi Akkadian:
f ( er?u ) Albanian:
shtrat (sq) , m krevat (sq) m Amharic:
m ( ?alga ) Arabic:
(ar) m ( sar?r )
? m ( ser?r ) Iraqi Arabic:
f ( ?erpyæ ) Lebanese Arabic:
m ( ta?(?)t ) Moroccan Arabic:
f ( n?m?siyya ) Tunisian Arabic: m ( far? ) Aramaic:
Jewish Palestinian Aramaic:
? f ( /*?ars?/ ) Jewish Babylonian Aramaic:
? f ( ?ars? ) Classical Syriac:
f ( ?ars? ) Christian Palestinian Aramaic: ? f ( /*?ars?/ ) Aragonese:
leito (an) m Armenian:
(hy) ( mah?akal ) Aromanian:
ashtirnutu ? Assamese:
( bisona ), ( bisona ), ( pale? ) Asturian:
cama (ast) f Azerbaijani:
yataq , (az) çarpay? (az) Bashkir:
? ( karawat ) Basque:
ohe (eu) Bats:
( ?rao? ) Belarusian:
m ( ló?ak ) Bengali:
( bichana ) Breton:
gwele (br) m Brunei Malay:
(bg) n ( legló ) Burmese:
(my) ( ip-ra ) Caló:
piltra f Catalan:
llit (ca) m Central Sierra Miwok:
( ganitli ) Chichewa:
, bedi kama Chinese:
? ( cong 4 ), , ( cong 4 pou 1 ), , ( ngo 6 taap 3 ) ( literary ) Dungan:
( i?a?uon ) Hakka:
? ( chhòng ), ( mìn-chhòng ) Mandarin:
? (zh) ( chuáng ), , (zh) (zh) ( chuángpù ), , (zh) (zh) ( shuìpù ), , (zh) (zh) ( wòtà ) ( literary ) Min Dong:
( mìng-chòng ) Min Nan:
? (zh-min-nan) ( chhn?g ), (zh-min-nan) ( bîn-chhn?g ), , (zh-min-nan) ( chhn?g-pho? ) Wu: ? ( zaan ) Chuukese:
? ( kravat? ) Coptic:
? m ( cloj ) Sahidic: ? m ( cloc ) Cornish:
gweli m Corsican:
lettu (co) m Crimean Tatar:
postel (cs) , f lko (cs) n Dalmatian:
ljat m Danish:
seng (da) c Dutch:
bed (nl) , n ( archaic ) sponde (nl) ? Egyptian: (
t ), ( f ?nkyt ), ( f ) tj Elfdalian:
saingg ? Esperanto:
lito (eo) Estonian:
voodi (et) Ewe:
leta ? Faroese:
song f Finnish:
sänky , (fi) vuode ; (fi) peti (fi) French:
lit (fr) m Friulian:
jet m Galician:
cama (gl) , f leito (gl) m Ge'ez:
m ( ?ärat ) Georgian:
( sac?oli ), ( logini ) German:
n Alemannic German: Bett n Gothic:
? n ( badi ) Greek:
? (el) n ( kreváti ), (el) f ( klíni )
Ancient: f ( klín? ), f ( koít? ), ? f ( eun? ), m ( krábbatos ) Gujarati:
? ? ( bich?n? ), (gu) ? ( ?ayy? ), ? ? ( pala?g ) Haitian Creole:
gado m Hebrew:
? \ (he) f ( mitá ), (he) m ( éres ) Hindi:
? (hi) m ( pala?g ), (hi) m ( bistar ), (hi) ? ( ?ayy? ) Hungarian:
ágy (hu) Icelandic:
rúm (is) n Ido:
lito (io) Igbo:
ranjang , (id) tempat tidur Interlingua:
leaba (ga) f Italian:
letto (it) , m giaciglio (it) m Japanese:
(ja) ( beddo ), (ja) ( , nedoko ) Kabuverdianu:
? m ( pala?g ) Kannada:
(kn) ( mañca ), (kn) ( h?sige ) Kazakh:
? (kk) ( kerewet ) Khmer:
? ( kr deek ), ? (km) ( kr ) Korean: (ko) ( chimdae ), (ko) ( jamjari )
text (ku) , m textê nivistinê (ku)
m Sorani: ? (ku) ( qeryolle ) Kutenai:
? (ky) ( kerebet ), ? ( karavat ), ? ( krovat? ), (ky) ( koyka ) Lao:
(lo) ( t?ang ), ? ( l?p ), ? ( meng ), ( sai ny?t ) Latin:
cub?le , n lectus (la) , m torus , m grabatus m Latvian:
gulta f Lithuanian:
lova (lt) f Low German:
Dutch Low Saxon: bedde (nds) ? Luhya:
Bett n Macedonian:
m ( krevet ), ? f ( postela ) Malay:
katil , (ms) ranjang Malayalam:
(ml) ( metta ) Maltese:
sodda ? Manx:
lhiabbee f Maori:
? ( bich?n? ) Memoni:
? m ( pala?g ) Mirandese:
lheito m Mongolian:
(mn) ( or ) Nama:
lietto m Nepali:
(ne) ( ochy?na ), (ne) ( kha ) Ngazidja Comorian:
, itran?a itan?a ( north dialect ) Norman:
liet m ( Jersey ), lit m ( continental Normandy ), llet m ( Guernsey , continental Normandy ), lliet m ( Guernsey ), llit m ( continental Normandy ), lyet m ( Sark ) North Frisian:
beed n ( Mooring ), baad n ( Föhr-Amrum ) Northern Sami:
seng (no) m Occitan:
lèit (oc) , m lièch (oc) m Old English:
bedd (ang) , n le?er n Old Irish:
lepaid f Old Saxon:
bed ? Oriya:
(or) ( khô?ô ), (or) ( pôlô?kô ) Ottoman Turkish:
? ( bister ), ( yatak ) Pashto:
m ( lagad ) Persian:
? (fa) ( bestar ), ? (fa) ( raxtexâb ), ? (fa) ( taxtxâb ) Polish:
?ó?ko (pl) n Portuguese:
cama (pt) , f leito (pt) m Punjabi:
? ( bistar? ) Quechua:
puñuna (qu) Rajasthani:
please add this translation if you can Romani:
pato m Romanian:
pat (ro) n Romansch:
letg m Russian:
(ru) f ( krovát? ), (ru) f ( postél? ), (ru) f ( kójka ) Sanskrit:
(sa) f ( ?ayy? ) Sardinian:
letu ? Saterland Frisian:
Bääd n Scottish Gaelic:
leabaidh f Serbo-Croatian:
, m f Roman: krèvet (sh) , m p?stelja (sh) f Sicilian:
lettu (scn) m Sinhalese:
(si) ? ( æn?da ) Skolt Sami:
poste? , f lô?ko n Slovene:
pstelja (sl) f Somali:
sariir (so) f Spanish:
cama (es) , f lecho (es) , m catre (es) , m piltra (es) f ( colloquial ), sobre (es) m ( colloquial ) Sudovian:
lazta f Svan:
( laq?vra ) Swahili:
kitanda (sw) Swedish:
bädd (sv) , c säng (sv) c Sylheti:
? ( falong ), ( bisna ) Tagalog:
(tg) ( kat ) Tamil:
? (ta) ( pa?ukkai ), ? (ta) ( kail ) Taos:
? (tt) ( qarawat ) Telugu:
? (te) ( pakka ), (te) ( pa?aka ) Thai:
(th) ( dtiiang ) Tibetan:
( nyal khri ) Tigrinya:
(ti) ( ?arat ) Tlingit:
káa xhexhx'u yeit Tongan:
, lit guche Turkish:
yatak (tr) Turkmen:
, dü?ek , krowat krawat Tuvaluan:
f ( lí?ko ) Ugaritic:
f ( ?r? ), f ( m?t ) Urdu:
? m ( bistar ), ? m ( palang ) Uyghur:
(ug) ( karwat ) Uzbek:
karavot , (uz) krovat (uz) Venetian:
lèt (vec) , m lèto (vec) , m leto , m ?eto m Vietnamese:
ging ( (vi) ? ) (vi) Volapük:
bed (vo) Walloon:
lét (wa) m Welsh:
gwely (cy) , m gwelyau (cy) m pl West Coast Bajau:
pengaw West Frisian:
bêd n White Hmong:
please add this translation if you can Yakut:
( k?rabaat ) Yiddish:
f or n ( bet ) Yup'ik:
ingleq Zhuang: mbonq
bed as general place or concept
prepared spot to spend the night in
flat surface or layer on which something else is to be placed
bed , (af) laag (af) Catalan:
llit (ca) , m capa (ca) f Dutch:
bed (nl) , n bedding (nl) , f bodem (nl) , m onderlaag (nl) f Estonian:
ase , (et) alus , (et) põhi (et) Finnish:
pohja , (fi) alusta , (fi) peti (fi) Galician:
leito (gl) m German:
Fläche (de) , f Bett (de) , m Boden (de) , m Grund (de) , m Ladefläche (de) , f Auflagefläche , f Lager (de) , n Auflager (de) n Greek: (el) n ( ypóstroma ), (el) n ( ypóvathro ), (el) n ( ypéreisma )
foundation or supporting surface
the bottom of a lake or other body of water
area where a large number of shellfish is found
? m ( /mu?aru/ ) Albanian:
lëdinë , m lëndinë (sq) m Arabic:
f ( mara ), m ( ?aw? ), f ( zira ) Aramaic:
Jewish Babylonian Aramaic:
m ( mr? ) Classical Syriac: ? f ( mrt? ) Afrikaans:
, bedding , blombedding tuin (af) Armenian:
? (hy) ( marg ) Azerbaijani:
please add this translation if you can Bashkir:
( tütäl ) Bulgarian:
(bg) ? ( lehà ), f ( ledìna ) Czech:
záhon (cs) m Danish:
bed (da) n Dutch:
bed (nl) , n bloembed (nl) , n tuinbed (nl) n Esperanto:
beð n Finnish:
penkki (fi) French:
lit (fr) m Galician:
cama (gl) f German:
Beet (de) n Greek:
? (el) n ( partéri )
Ancient Greek: f ( prasiá ) Gujarati:
? ( ky?r? ), ? ( ky?ro ) Hebrew: (he) f ( arugá ), (he) m ( éres )
leaba (ga) , f ceapach f Kazakh:
please add this translation if you can Korean:
( mopan ) Latin:
pulv?nus m Macedonian:
f ( ledina ) Malay:
kawa , (mi) , moa t?waha Norwegian:
bed (no) n Old Church Slavonic:
? f ( l?xa ) Old English:
bedd (ang) ? Polish:
grz?da (pl) f Portuguese:
canteiro (pt) m Russian:
? (ru) f ( klúmba ), ? (ru) f ( grjádka ), (ru) f ( grjadá ), (ru) f ( léxa ) Scottish Gaelic:
geadag , f leabaidh f Serbo-Croatian:
, f ? , f , f ? , f f Latin: léja (sh) , f lijéha (sh) , f léha , f grèdica (sh) , f lèdina (sh) f Slovak:
záhon ? Slovene:
grêdica , f ledína f Sumerian:
( /musar/ ) Swedish:
rabatt (sv) c Tamil:
please add this translation if you can Telugu:
please add this translation if you can Ukrainian:
? (uk) f ( klúmba ), ? f ( hrjádka ), f ( hrjadá ), f ( léxa ), (uk) f ( diljánka ) Vietnamese: lu?ng (vi)
platform of a vehicle that supports the load
flak (sv) n Tamil:
please add this translation if you can Telugu:
please add this translation if you can Turkish:
please add this translation if you can Wolof:
please add this translation if you can Yoruba: please add this translation if you can
shaped piece of timber to hold a cask clear
-- see pallet
piece of music over which a radio DJ talks
deposit of ore, coal etc.
geology: the smallest division of a geologic formation or stratigraphic rock series
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
bed ( third-person singular simple present , beds present participle , bedding simple past and past participle )
Senses relating to a bed as a place for resting or sleeping.
( intransitive ) To go to bed. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
( transitive ) To place in a bed.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?) To put oneself to
sleep. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
( transitive ) To furnish with a bed or bedding. ( transitive, intransitive ) To have sexual intercourse with. [from early 14th c.]
1730, William Forbes, The Institutes of the Law of Scotland (page 121)
And he who lies with another Man's Wife after she is married, even before her Husband had bedded with her, is guilty of Adultery, [... ] Senses relating to a bed as a place or layer on which something else rests or is laid.
( transitive ) To lay or put in any hollow place, or place of rest and security, surrounded or enclosed; to embed.
date this quote by Wordsworth and provide title, author's full name, and other details?) Among all chains or clusters of mountains where large bodies of still water are bedded. 2014 August 17, Jeff Howell, "Home improvements: Repairing and replacing floorboards [print version: Never buy anything from a salesman, 16 August 2014, p. P7]", in The Daily Telegraph (Property) :  But I must warn you that chipboard floors are always likely to squeak. The material is still being used in new-builds, but developers now use adhesive to bed and joint it, rather than screws or nails. I suspect the adhesive will eventually embrittle and crack, resulting in the same squeaking problems as before.
( transitive ) To set in a soft matrix, as paving stones in sand, or tiles in cement.
( transitive ) To set out (plants) in a garden bed.
( transitive ) To dress or prepare the surface of (stone) so it can serve as a bed.
( transitive ) To lay flat; to lay in order; to place in a horizontal or recumbent position.
date this quote by Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?) bedded hair To settle, as machinery.
to have sexual intercourse with
Dutch , from bed Middle Dutch , from bedde Old Dutch , from bedde Proto-Germanic .
bed ( plural , beddens diminutive )
Proto-Brythonic , from *b?d Proto-Celtic .
bed ( m plural )
German Beet ( " bed " ).
bed ( n singular definite , bedet plural indefinite )
bede bed ( a garden plot )
past tense of bide
imperative of bede
Middle Dutch , from bedde Old Dutch , from bedde Proto-Germanic .
(: key) /b?t/
bed Rhymes: -?t
bed ( n plural , bedden diminutive bedje )
bed ( furniture for sleeping )
( garden , agriculture ) , patch bed
, often a layer substratum bed of a body of water
1950, Willy van der Heide, Drie jongens op een onbewoond eiland, Stenvert.
Op een gegeven ogenblik stieten ze op een uitgedroogde beekbedding; het bed van de beek was naakte lava.
bad (not good)
This Kurdish entry was created from the translations listed at bad. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see bed in the Kurdish Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked.
(more information) April 2008
bed ( n definite singular , bedet indefinite plural , bed definite plural beda or )
bedene ( horticulture ) a bed ( for plants )
imperative of bede
References "bed" in The Bokmål Dictionary.
bed ( n definite singular , bedet indefinite plural , bed definite plural )
beda ( horticulture ) a bed ( for plants )
present of bede imperative of bede
References "bed" in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
n Alternative form of bedd
See the etymology of the main entry.
third-person singular past subjunctive of at·tá
See the etymology of the main entry.
third-person singular past subjunctive
third-person singular / second-person plural imperative third-person singular conditional relative
Alternative forms ( bad 3 sg. past subj.; 3 sg. and 2 pl. imperative)
Proto-Germanic *badj? ( " dug sleeping-place " ), from Proto-Indo-European *b?ed?- ( " to dig " ). Cognate with Old Frisian , bed Old English , bedd Dutch , bed Old High German , betti Old Norse , beðr Gothic ? ( badi ). The Indo-European root is also the source of Ancient Greek ? ( bothuros, " pit " ), Latin fossa ( " ditch " ), Latvian bedre ( " hole " ), Welsh , bedd Breton bez ( " grave " ).
bed ( thena lefna lamon b?run mid is beddiu They were bearing the living lame man with his bed Heliand, verse 2309)
(neuter a-stem) bed
bed ( contracted )
be imperative of . bedja
bed ( nominative plural )
1 status as a case is disputed 2 in later, non-classical Volapük only