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B%C4%93da
See also: beda, Beda, Béda, b?da, Bé?a, b?d?, and b?d?

Latvian

Etymology

From Proto-Baltic *b?d-, from Proto-Indo-European *bd?-, the lengthened grade of *b?ed?- ("to bend, to press"). Via ? > ey alternation, there was also a parallel form *b?eyd?-, from which derive the Germanic and Greek forms, and its o-grade *b?oyd?-, from which derive the Slavic forms. (Some specialists consider b?da a borrowing from Slavic, but the falling intonation is not usually found on borrowings.) The meaning change was probably "to bend, to press" > "to experience coertion, humiliation" > "(to be in) a bad situation." Cognates include Lithuanian b?dà, Proto-Slavic *b?da ("adversity, misery") (Russian (bedá, "adversity, tribulation, disaster"), Belarusian (bjédny), (bjadá), Ukrainian (bidá), Czech b?da, bída ("need, poverty"), Polish bieda ("poverty, deprivation, unhappiness")), Gothic ? (baidjan, "to ask for, to force"), Old High German beitten ("ask for"), Gothic (bidjan, "to ask, to request") (< "to bend"), Old High German, German bitten, Sanskrit (bdhate, "to press"), (b?dhá?, "obstacle, hardship"), Ancient Greek (peíth?, "to convince, to persuade"), Latin f?do ("to trust, to rely upon") (< *b?id?-, the zero grade of *b?eyd?-).[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

b?da f (4th declension)

  1. (only plural) sadness, sorrow, grief (emotional state caused by, e.g., unhappiness, loss)
    dzi?as b?das - deep sorrow
    ciest b?das - to suffer grief
    pal?dz?t, dal?ties b?d?s - to help, to share in (case of) sorrow
    mierin?t draugu b?d?s - to comfort a friend in sorrow
    b?du sagrauzts cilv?ks - a person afficlted with grief, a grieving person
  2. trouble, misfortune, disaster (unpleasant event, circumstance, condition; thoughts about such an event; concern)
    liela b?da - great misfortune
    maza b?da - little problem, trouble
    p?rvar?t b?du - to overcome a disaster
    t? nav nek?da b?da - this is no big trouble
    kas man b?das! -- what trouble (is) that to me!
    (= I don't care about it, it doesn't affect me)

Declension

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

References

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstant?ns (1992), "b?da", in Latvie?u Etimolo?ijas V?rdn?ca (in Latvian), R?ga: AVOTS, ->ISBN

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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