Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster's Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for assault in Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)
From Old French noun assaut, from the verb asaillir, from Latin assili?, from ad ("towards") + sali? ("to jump"). See also assail. Spelling Latinized around 1530 to add an l.
- (key): /?'s?:lt/
- (regional, California) (key): /?'s?lt/
assault (countable and uncountable, plural assaults)
- A violent onset or attack with physical means, for example blows, weapons, etc.
to make assault upon a man, a house, or a town
- (Can we date this quote by Prescott and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
- The Spanish general prepared to renew the assault.
- 1814, William Wordsworth, The Excursion, Book 5
- Unshaken bears the assault / Of their most dreaded foe, the strong southwest.
- A violent onset or attack with moral weapons, for example words, arguments, appeals, and the like
- (criminal law) An attempt to commit battery: a violent attempt, or willful effort with force or violence, to do hurt to another, but without necessarily touching his person, as by lifting a fist in a threatening manner, or by striking at him and missing him.
- (singular only, law) The crime whose action is such an attempt.
- (tort law) An act that causes someone to apprehend imminent bodily harm.
- (singular only, law) The tort whose action is such an act.
- (fencing) A non-competitive combat between two fencers.
violent onset or attack with physical means
- Arabic: ? m (iqtim)
- Belarusian: m (nápad)
- Bulgarian: (bg) f (atáka), ? (bg) n (napadénie), ? (bg) m (?turm)
- Mandarin: (zh), (zh) (tújí), (zh), (zh) (g?ngj?, g?ngjí)
- Dutch: aanranding (nl) f
- Finnish: hyökkäys (fi), päällekarkaus (fi)
- French: assaut (fr) m
- Georgian: (tavdasxma)
- German: Anschlag (de) m
- Ancient: ? f (horm?), f (prosbol?)
- Hebrew: f (t'kifá)
- Hungarian: támadás (hu), (in the military sense) roham (hu), ostrom (hu)
- Icelandic: áhlaup (is) n
- Interlingue: assalte
- Italian: assalto (it), attacco (it), aggressione (it), arrembaggio (it) m, all'arrembaggio m
- Japanese: (ja) (?, totsugeki), (ja) (?, k?geki)
- Korean: (ko) (dolgyeok), (ko) (gonggyeok)
- Latin: impetus m
- Norwegian: voldta
- Persian: ? (fa) (yure?), (fa) (tajâvoz)
- Polish: napa (pl), szturm (pl) m
- Portuguese: assalto (pt) m
- Russian: ? (ru) n (napadénije), (ru) f (atáka), (military) (ru) m (?turm)
- Spanish: asalto (es) m, acometimiento (es) m
- Swedish: (please verify)angrepp (sv) n, (1, 2, 3) (please verify)attack (sv) c, (4) (please verify)hot (sv) n
- Tagalog: pagsalakay, panlalaban
- Ukrainian: m (nápad)
- Walloon: assåt (wa) m
violent onset or attack with moral weapons
legal: violent attempt, or willful effort with force or violence to hurt another
legal: crime whose action is such an attempt
legal: act that causes someone to apprehend imminent bodily harm
legal: tort whose action is such an act
fencing: non-competitive combat
assault (third-person singular simple present assaults, present participle assaulting, simple past and past participle assaulted)
- (transitive) To attack, physically or figuratively.
- Tom was accused of assaulting another man outside a nightclub.
- Loud music assaulted our ears as we entered the building.
- (transitive) To threaten or harass. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
- Bulgarian: (bg) (atakuvam), (bg) (?turmuvam)
- Mandarin: (zh), (zh) (g?ngj?, g?ngjí)
- Dutch: aanranden (nl), vergrijpen (nl)
- Finnish: hyökätä (fi), käydä päälle, käydä kimppuun
- French: attaquer (fr), agresser (fr)
- German: überfallen (de), angreifen (de)
- Hungarian: megtámad (hu), megrohamoz (hu), ostromol (hu), megostromol
- Interlingue: assaltar, ataccar
- Italian: attaccare (it), aggredire (it), assalire (it), molestare (it)
- Japanese: (ja) (, semeru)
- Latin: assult?
- Maori: taiapu, haupatu
- Norman: assauter
- Portuguese: agredir (pt)
- Russian: (ru) impf (napadát?), (ru) pf (napást?), (military) ? (ru) impf (atakovát?), pf, (military) (ru) impf (?turmovát?), pf
- Spanish: asaltar (es), atacar (es)
- Walloon: assåder (wa)
assault m (plural assauls)
- (chiefly military) assault; attack