Am
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Am

Translingual

Symbol

am

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the attometer (attometre), an SI unit of length equal to 10−18meters (metres).

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

From Middle English am, em, from Old English eam, eom ("am"), from Proto-Germanic *immi, *izmi ("am", form of the verb *wesan? ("to be; dwell")), from Proto-Indo-European *h?ésmi ("I am, I exist"). Cognate with Old Norse em, emi ("am"), Gothic (im, "am"), Latin sum ("am"), Ancient Greek ? (eimí), Albanian jam ("I am"), Sanskrit (ásmi), Latvian esmu ("(I) am"), esam ("we are").

Pronunciation

Verb

am

  1. first-person singular present indicative of be

See also

Adverb

am (not comparable)

  1. Alternative spelling of a.m.

Anagrams


Aromanian

Alternative forms

Etymology

The verb as a whole derives from forms of the Latin habe?, hab?re. The first-person present singular form am(u), along with some other inflected forms, may have been analogical constructions (in this case, from an old form (aemu) of first-person plural (now avem)), or influenced by nearby languages. Compare Romanian avea, am; cf. also Albanian kam ("I have"). The third-person singular present indicative, ari, may have derived from Latin haberet.

Verb

am (third-person singular present indicative ari/are, imperfect aveam, simple perfect avui, past participle avutã)

  1. I have.
  2. I own.
  3. (auxiliary, with past participles) I have...

Related terms


Azerbaijani

Other scripts
Cyrillic
Roman am
Perso-Arabic

Etymology

From Proto-Turkic *(i)am ("vulva"). Related to amc?q with the same sense and derived from the same root.

Noun

am (definite accusative am?, plural amlar)

  1. (vulgar) cunt

Declension


Chuukese

Pronoun

am

  1. First-person plural exclusive pronoun; us (exclusive)

See also


Fula

Etymology

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Alternative forms

Determiner

am (singular)

  1. (possessive) my.
    suudu am
    my house

Usage notes


German

Pronunciation

Contraction

am (+ adjective ending with -en + masculine or neuter noun)

  1. an + dem, at the, on the
    am Ende - at the end
    am Rande - on the margin(s)
    am Leben - alive
  2. auf + dem, on the, at the
    am Berg - on the mountain
    am Fest - at the festival
    am Schirm - on the screen
  3. Forms the superlative in adverbial and predicate use.
    am schnellsten - fastest
    am schwächsten - weakest
    am wichtigsten - most important
    Er spielt am besten.
    He plays best.

Indonesian

Etymology

From Malay am, from Arabic (mm).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'am/
  • Hyphenation: am

Adjective

am

  1. common, general.
    Synonyms: umum, awam
  2. common (not expert).

Derived terms

Further reading


Irish

Etymology 1

From Old Irish amm ("point of time").

Pronunciation

Noun

am m (genitive singular ama, nominative plural amanna or amanta)

  1. time
    1. measured time
    2. point of time, occasion
    3. usual, set, time
    4. due, proper, time
    5. scheduled time
    6. opportune, inopportune, time
    7. available time
    8. season
    9. portion of time, period
    10. time of life
    11. span of life
    12. time of gestation
    13. time of death
    14. person's experience at particular time.
    15. (general, adverbial, usages, an t-am) when
Declension
Alternative declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Contraction

am (triggers lenition)

  1. (colloquial, dialectal) Contraction of do mo ("to/for my").

Etymology 3

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Contraction

am (triggers lenition)

  1. (colloquial, dialectal) Contraction of i mo ("in my").

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
am n-am ham t-am
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading


Kofyar

Etymology

Related to Gerka ram ("water").

Noun

am

  1. water

References

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, ->ISBN, page 201:
    [...] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-? "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *h?m) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [...] Kfy. am [Ntg. 1967, 1], [...]

Lagwan

Etymology

Ultimately from Proto-Chadic *ymn.

Noun

am

  1. water

References

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, ->ISBN, page 201:
    [...] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-? "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *h?m) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [...] Lgn. a?m [Mch.] = àm (pl.) [Lks.] = ?àm [Bouny] = ?àm [Bouny 1975 MS, 5, #58], Bdm. amaii "water", amai "rain" [Talbot 1911, 252] [...]

Luxembourgish

Contraction

am

  1. contraction of an + dem; in the

Malalí

Noun

am

  1. earth

References

  • Robert Gordon Latham, Elements of Comparative Philology
  • Martius, Beiträge zur Ethnographie und Sprachenkunde Brasiliens

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English eam, eom, first-person singular of wesan, from Proto-Germanic *immi, first-person singular of *wesan?.

Alternative forms

Verb

am

  1. First-person singular present indicative form of been
Usage notes
  • More common than be as a first-person singular form.
Descendants
  • English: am
  • Scots: am

Etymology 2

From Old English heom.

Pronoun

am

  1. Alternative form of hem
References

Middle Welsh

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *ambi (compare Old Irish imb), from Proto-Indo-European *h?m?b?i. Cognate with Latin ambi-, Sanskrit (abhí, "towards, over, upon"), Old Persian ? (abiy, "towards, against, upon"), Old High German umbi, Ancient Greek ? (amphí, "about, around") and the first part of Old Armenian - (amb-o, "whole").

Pronunciation

Preposition

am (triggers lenition)

  1. about
  2. for, on account of
  3. concerning, as regards

Inflection

Derived terms


Mwaghavul

Etymology

Related to Gerka ram ("water").

Noun

àm

  1. water

References

  • Zygmunt Frajzyngier, A Grammar of Mupun (1993)
  • Václav Bla?ek, A Lexicostatistical comparison of Omotic languages, in In Hot Pursuit of Language in Prehistory: Essays in the four fields of anthropology, page 122
  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, ->ISBN, page 201:
    [...] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-? "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *h?m) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [...] Sura àm "Wasser, Flüssigkeit" [Jng. 1963, 58], Mpn. àm [Frj. 1991, 3], [...]

Ngas

Etymology

Related to Gerka ram ("water").

Noun

am

  1. water
  2. rain

References

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, ->ISBN, page 201:
    [...] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-? "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *h?m) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [...] Angas am "1. water, 2. rain" [Ormsby 1914, 314-315] = am "water (to drink of wash with)" [Flk. 1915, 143] = [...]

Nigerian Pidgin

Pronoun

am

  1. him/her/it
    • 1960, Chinua Achebe, No Longer at Ease, page 85:
      Where you pick am?

Norwegian Bokmål

Verb

am

  1. imperative of amme

Old English

Verb

am

  1. (Northumbria) first-person singular present indicative of wesan

References

  1. 17, Skeat, Walter Wiliams 'The Gospel according to Saint Luke: in Anglo-Saxon and Northumbrian versions synoptically'

Old Irish

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *emmi, from Proto-Indo-European *h?esmi, from *h?es-.

Pronunciation

Verb

am

  1. first-person singular present indicative of is

Pero

Noun

ám

  1. water

References

  • Zygmunt Frajzyngier, A grammar of Pero (1989)

Pumpokol

Noun

am

  1. mother

Romanian

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Inflected form of avea. Probably an analogical construction based on the old first-person plural or perhaps influenced by similar forms in other languages[1]. Compare Aromanian am(u); cf. also Albanian kam ("I have").

Verb

am

  1. first-person singular present indicative of avea
    (I) have
  2. first-person singular present subjunctive of avea

Etymology 2

From old Romanian amu, presumably from an earlier (proto-) Romanian form aemu (attested in Aromanian), from Latin hab?mus. The original first-person singular in proto-Romanian was aibu, from Latin habe?, but was changed to am(u) by analogy with the first-person plural. The form with -v- (avem) in the present form of the verb's main conjugation (as opposed to its use in this form as an auxiliary verb) may have been remade by analogy with avut[2]; am may also be seen as a reduced, clitic form of avem[3]. See also a?i, which has a parallel development.

Verb

am

  1. (eu) am (modal auxiliary, first-person singular form of avea, used with past participles to form perfect compus tenses)
    (I) have...
    Eu am câ?tigat meciul.
    I have won the match.
  2. (noi) am (modal auxiliary, first-person plural form of avea, used with past participles to form perfect compus tenses)
    (we) have...
    Noi am fost la biseric? duminic?.
    We have been to church on Sunday.
Related terms

Etymology 3

Presumably from a Vulgar Latin *eamus, from Latin hab?b?mus.

Verb

am

  1. (noi) am (modal auxiliary, first-person plural form of avea, used with infinitives to form conditional tenses)
    (we) would
Related terms

References


Scottish Gaelic

Pronoun

am

  1. their

Usage notes

  • This form is used before nouns beginning with b, f, m or p.

Article

am

  1. the

Usage notes

  • This form is used in the singular nominative before masculine nouns beginning with b, f, m or p.

See also


Spanish

Adverb

am

  1. a.m. (before noon)

Antonyms


Tagalog

Noun

am

  1. Alternative form of aam

Tangale

Noun

am

  1. water

References

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, ->ISBN, page 201:
    [...] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-? "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *h?m) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [...] Tng. am [Jng.], [...]
  • Václav Bla?ek, A Lexicostatitical comparison of Omotic languages, in In Hot Pursuit of Language in Prehistory: Essays in the four fields of anthropology, page 122

Turkish

Etymology

From Proto-Turkic *(i)am ("vulva").

Noun

am (definite accusative am?, plural amlar)

  1. (vulgar) cunt (genitalia)

Declension

Inflection
Nominative am
Definite accusative am?
Singular Plural
Nominative am amlar
Definite accusative am? amlar?
Dative ama amlara
Locative amda amlarda
Ablative amdan amlardan
Genitive am?n amlar?n
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular am?m amlar?m
2nd singular am?n amlar?n
3rd singular am? amlar?
1st plural am?m?z amlar?m?z
2nd plural am?n?z amlar?n?z
3rd plural amlar? amlar?

See also


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Noun

(classifier cái) am

  1. small Buddhist temple, small pagoda, hermitage, secluded hut, cottage


War-Jaintia

Noun

am

  1. water

References


Welsh

Etymology

From Middle Welsh am, from Proto-Celtic *ambi (compare Old Irish imb), from Proto-Indo-European *h?m?b?i. Cognate with Latin ambi-, Sanskrit (abhí, "towards, over, upon"), Old Persian ? (abiy, "towards, against, upon"), Old High German umbi, Ancient Greek ? (amphí, "about, around") and the first part of Old Armenian - (amb-o, "whole").

Pronunciation

Preposition

am (triggers soft mutation)

  1. for, in exchange for
  2. (time) at
  3. (with siarad, sôn, or meddwl) about, concerning

Inflection

Derived terms


Yucatec Maya

Noun

am (plural amo'ob)

  1. spider, arachnid

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