Albus
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Albus

Latin

fl?s albus (a white flower)

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *al?os, from Proto-Indo-European *h?elb?ós.

Cognates include Umbrian ? (alfu), Ancient Greek (alphós, "whiteness, white leprosy"), Hittite (alpas, "cloud"), Middle Welsh elbid ("world") and English elf.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /'al.bus/, ['a.b?s]
  • (file)

Adjective

albus (feminine alba, neuter album, comparative albior, superlative albissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. white (properly without luster), dull white
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 12.402-403:
      totus pice nigrior atra, candida cauda tamen; color est quoque cruribus albus.
      All blacker than pitch was he, yet white was his tail; his legs were snowy white.
    • p. 830, Nennius, Historia Brittonum, II: 42
      duo vermes in eo sunt, unus albus et unus rufus
      "There are," said he, "two serpents, one white and the other red [...] "
  2. clear, bright
  3. pale, fair, gray, hoary
    • p. 1250, Thomas Aquinas, De ente et essentia
      [...] et sic de ipsa aliquid praedicatur per accidens ratione eius, in quo est, sicut dicitur quod homo est albus, quia Socrates est albus, quamvis hoc non conveniat homini in eo quod homo.
      And thus something is accidentally asserted, that is, we say that man is white because Socrates is white, although this does not come about for men because [Socrates] is a man.
  4. (figuratively) favorable, fortunate, auspicious, propitious

Usage notes

Latin albus is used primarily to mean "white" that is dull or matte. The word candidus is used primarily for shining whiteness. However, this distinction is not always followed.

Declension

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative albus alba album alb? albae alba
Genitive alb? albae alb? alb?rum alb?rum alb?rum
Dative alb? alb? alb?s
Accusative album albam album alb?s alb?s alba
Ablative alb? alb? alb? alb?s
Vocative albe alba album alb? albae alba

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Descendants

See also

Colors in Latin · col?r?s (layout · text)
     candidus, albus, niveus, c?reus, marmoreus, eburneus, c?nus      r?vus, pullus, cinereus, cinericeus, plumbeusgr?seus      ?ter, niger, piceus
             p?niceusmurrhinus, r?fus, ruber, russus, rubr?cus, mulleus; cocceus, cocc?nus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, auranteus, aurantiacus; fuscus, col?rius, cerv?nus, sp?d?x              gilvus, helvus, fulvus, fl?vus, croceus, pallidus, l?teus, blondinus
             galbus, galb?nus, l?ridus              viridis              prasinus
             cyaneus              caeruleus, azur?nus, blavus              glaucus; l?vidus; venetus
             viol?ceus, ianthinus              ostr?nus, amethyst?nus              purpureus, ?tropurp?reus, roseus, ros?ceus

References


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