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From Middle English actif, from Old French actif, from Latin activus, from agere ("to do, to act"); see act.
active (comparative more active, superlative most active)
- Having the power or quality of acting; causing change; communicating action or motion; acting;—opposed to passive, that receives.
certain active principles
the active powers of the mind
- Synonym: acting
- Antonym: passive
- Quick in physical movement; of an agile and vigorous body; nimble.
an active child or animal
- Synonyms: agile, nimble
- Antonyms: passive, indolent, still
- In action; actually proceeding; working; in force
- Synonyms: in action, working, in force
- Antonyms: quiescent, dormant, extinct
- (specifically, of certain geological features, such as volcano, geysers, etc) Emitting hot materials, such as lava, smoke, or steam, or producing tremors.
- Given to action; constantly engaged in action; energetic; diligent; busy
an active man of business
- Antonyms: dull, sluggish, indolent, inert
- This new-comer was a man who in any company would have seemed striking. [...] He was smooth-faced, and his fresh skin and well-developed figure bespoke the man in good physical condition through active exercise, yet well content with the world's apportionment.
- Synonyms: busy, deedful, diligent, energetic
- Requiring or implying action or exertion
active employment or service
- Synonym: operative
- Antonyms: passive, tranquil, sedentary
- Given to action rather than contemplation; practical; operative
an active rather than a speculative statesman
- Antonyms: theoretical, speculative
- Brisk; lively.
an active demand for corn
- Implying or producing rapid action.
an active disease
an active remedy
- Antonyms: passive, slow
- (heading, grammar) About verbs.
- Applied to a form of the verb; — opposed to passive. See active voice.
- Applied to verbs which assert that the subject acts upon or affects something else; transitive.
- Applied to all verbs that express action as distinct from mere existence or state.
- (computing, of source code) Eligible to be processed by a compiler or interpreter.
2006 December 24, David Williams, "satellite program", in comp.lang.basic.visual.misc, Usenet:
I think it should be upgraded to Visual BASIC, but I'm no good at that. So maybe someone here would like to take a crack at it. There are only 40 lines of active code, plus a few REMs. About 100 BASIC commands altogether.
2012, Chris Grover, "Triggering Actions", in Adobe Edge Preview 5: The Missing Manual, 3rd edition, Sebastopol: O'Reilly Media, ->ISBN, page 98:
Edge uses green text for comments. This makes it easier for you to quickly differentiate between active code and comments.
- (electronics) Not passive.
- (gay sexual slang) (of a homosexual man) enjoying a role in anal sex in which he penetrates, rather than being penetrated by his partner.
- Synonym: top
- Antonyms: passive, bottom
having the quality or power of acting
quick in physical movement
requiring or implying action or exertion
given to action rather than contemplation
- Japanese: (ja) (?, kappatsu), ? (ja) (pichipichi), ? (pinpin), (ja) (?, katsuyaku)
- Latin: actu?sus, alacer
- Latvian: kust?gs, mundrs, mo?s, spirgts, ?irgts, ?iprs
- Portuguese: ativo (pt)
- Russian: (ru) (energí?nyj), (ru) (aktívnyj), (ru) (?ivój)
- Scottish Gaelic: giobach
- Slovak: ?ivý
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
active (plural actives)
- A person or thing that is acting or capable of acting.
- (electronics) Any component that is not passive. See Passivity (engineering).
- 2013, David Manners, Hitchhikers' Guide to Electronics in the '90s (page 36)
- Components are split into two broad segments: actives and passives. Active components like the vacuum tube and the transistor contain the power to generate and alter electrical signals.
- first-person singular present subjunctive of activar
- third-person singular present subjunctive of activar
- feminine singular of actif
- first-person singular present indicative of activer
- third-person singular present indicative of activer
- first-person singular present subjunctive of activer
- third-person singular present subjunctive of activer
- second-person singular imperative of activer
Borrowed from Latin ?ct?v?.
- (grammar, obsolete) actively
- inflection of activ:
- strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
- strong nominative/accusative plural
- weak nominative all-gender singular
- weak accusative feminine/neuter singular
active (not comparable)
?ct?v? (comparative ?ct?vius, superlative ?ct?vissim?)
- (grammar) actively
- vocative masculine singular of ?ct?vus
- active in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- active in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- (ambiguous) to put the finishing touch to a work: extrema manus acc?dit operi (active extremam manum imponere operi)
- (ambiguous) to be some one's favourite: in amore et deliciis esse alicui (active in deliciis habere aliquem)
- first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of activar
- third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of activar
- third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of activar
- third-person singular (você) negative imperative of activar
- nominative feminine plural of activ
- accusative feminine plural of activ
- nominative neuter plural of activ
- accusative neuter plural of activ
- First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of activar.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of activar.
- Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of activar.