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From Middle English ablative, ablatife, ablatyf, ablatif, from Old French ablatif ("the ablative case"), from Latin abl?t?vus ("expressing removal"), from abl?tus ("taken away"), from aufer? ("I take away"). The engineering/nautical sense originates from ablate + -ive.
- (grammar): (US) (key): /'æb.l?.t?v/
- (engineering, nautical): (key): /?'ble?.t?v/
ablative (not comparable)
- (grammar) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in some languages, the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away, and to a lesser degree, instrument, place, accordance, specifications, price, or measurement. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
- (obsolete) Pertaining to taking away or removing. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the early 18th century.]
1622, Joseph Hall, The Works of Joseph Hall: Sermons, page 123:
Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth.
- (engineering, nautical) Sacrificial, wearing away or being destroyed in order to protect the underlying, as in ablative paints used for antifouling. [First attested in 1959.].
- (medicine) Relating to the removal of a body part, tumor, or organ. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
- (geology) Relating to the erosion of a land mass; relating to the melting or evaporation of a glacier. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
applied to one of the cases of the noun in other language
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
ablative (plural ablatives)
- (grammar) The ablative case. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- An ablative material. [Mid 20th century.]
- ^ "ablative" in William Morris, editor, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, New York, N.Y.: American Heritage Publishing Co., 1971 , ->OCLC, page 3.
- ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 "ablative" in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, ->ISBN, page 5.
- ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 , ->ISBN), page 3
- feminine singular of ablatif
ablative f pl
- Feminine plural of adjective ablativo.
- vocative masculine singular of abl?t?vus