Ablative
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Ablative
See also: Ablative

English

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Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English ablative, ablatife, ablatyf, ablatif, from Old French ablatif ("the ablative case"), from Latin abl?t?vus ("expressing removal"),[1] from abl?tus ("taken away"), from aufer? ("I take away"). The engineering/nautical sense originates from ablate + -ive.

Pronunciation

  • (grammar): (US) IPA(key): /'æb.l?.t?v/
  • (engineering, nautical): IPA(key): /?'ble?.t?v/
  • (file)

Adjective

ablative (not comparable)

  1. (grammar) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in some languages, the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away, and to a lesser degree, instrument, place, accordance, specifications, price, or measurement. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).][2]
  2. (obsolete) Pertaining to taking away or removing. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the early 18th century.][2]
    • 1622, Joseph Hall, The Works of Joseph Hall: Sermons[1], page 123:
      Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth.
  3. (engineering, nautical) Sacrificial, wearing away or being destroyed in order to protect the underlying, as in ablative paints used for antifouling. [First attested in 1959.][3].
  4. (medicine) Relating to the removal of a body part, tumor, or organ. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][2]
  5. (geology) Relating to the erosion of a land mass; relating to the melting or evaporation of a glacier. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][2]

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun

ablative (plural ablatives)

  1. (grammar) The ablative case. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
  2. An ablative material. [Mid 20th century.][2]

Translations

Derived terms

References

  1. ^ "ablative" in William Morris, editor, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, New York, N.Y.: American Heritage Publishing Co., 1971 [1969], ->OCLC, page 3.
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 "ablative" in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, ->ISBN, page 5.
  3. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ->ISBN), page 3

French

Pronunciation

Adjective

ablative

  1. feminine singular of ablatif

Italian

Adjective

ablative f pl

  1. Feminine plural of adjective ablativo.

Latin

Pronunciation

Adjective

abl?t?ve

  1. vocative masculine singular of abl?t?vus

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