Ab
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Ab

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Abs

Abbreviation of abdominal muscles.

Noun

ab (plural abs)

  1. (informal) abdominal muscle. [Mid 20th century.][1]
    • 2006, H. Peter Steeves, The Things Themselves, page 75:
      The bikinied models in most of the ESPN2 shows have abs. Many of the malnourished bikinied models in the commercials have visible rib cages. How did the two get conflated into a shared vision of beauty?
    • 2010, Bill Geiger, "6-pack Abs in 9 Weeks", Reps! 17:106
      When possible, do your ab workout on a day when you're not training a major muscle group [...] .
Usage notes

Most often used attributively. Substantive use is more common in the plural form abs.

Translations

Etymology 2

Abbreviation of abscess.

Noun

ab (plural abs)

  1. (slang) An abscess caused by injecting an illegal drug, usually heroin.
Translations

Etymology 3

Abbreviations.

Verb

ab (third-person singular simple present abs, present participle abbing, simple past and past participle abbed)

  1. (climbing, informal) To abseil.
    • 1998, Climbing (issues 178-180, page 22)
      I had a climbing rope in my pack, set up an abseil with it, and abbed down to him.
  2. Abbreviation of abort.

Noun

ab

  1. Abbreviation of abortion.

Preposition

ab

  1. Abbreviation of about.

Adverb

ab

  1. Abbreviation of about.

Etymology 4

From the spelling books and the fact that it was the first of the letter combinations.[2]

Noun

ab (plural abs)

  1. (US) The early stages of; the beginning process; the start.

References

  1. ^ "ab" in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, ->ISBN, page 2.
  2. ^ Mathews, Mitford M, ed. A Dictionary of Americanisms on Historical Principles. 1st. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956.

Anagrams


Aynu

Etymology

Borrowed from Persian (?b).

Pronunciation

Noun

ab

  1. water

References

  • Otto Ladstätter, Andreas Tietze, Die Abdal (Äynu) in Xinjiang (1994)

Azerbaijani

Etymology

From Persian (?b).

Noun

ab (definite accusative ab?, plural ablar)

  1. (Classical Azerbaijani) water
    Synonym: su

Declension

Derived terms

  • ab-hava ("atmosphere") (figurative)
  • ab? ("sky-blue")

Blagar

Noun

ab

  1. fish

References

  • A. Schapper (citing Steinhauer), Elevation in the spatial deictic systems of Alor-Pantar languages, in The Alor-Pantar languages: History and Typology, edited by Marian Klamer
  • ASJP, citing L. C. Robinson and G. Holton, Internal classification of the Alor-Pantar language family using computational methods applied to the lexicon (2012)

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ap/
  • (Before a voiced consonant or a vowel) IPA(key): /ab/
  • (Before a voiced consonant or a vowel in betacist dialects) IPA(key): /a?/

Preposition

ab

  1. Obsolete form of amb.

Danish

Etymology 1

From Latin ab ("of, from").

Pronunciation

Preposition

ab

  1. ex (out of, sold from)
  2. from (with the origin in time)

Etymology 2

See abe ("to ape, mimic").

Pronunciation

Verb

ab

  1. imperative of abe

Further reading


East Central German

Particle

ab

  1. (Strehlen and Schömberg, Silesian) negative particle, do not

East Yugur

Etymology

From Proto-Mongolic *ab-, compare Mongolian ? (avah).

Pronunciation

Verb

ab

  1. to take
    Ci ghudal kelese bu cini arasini xuulj' abqu.
    If you tell a lie I will skin you [take your skin].

German

Pronunciation

  • (Germany) IPA(key): /ap/, /?p/
  • (Switzerland, Austro-Bavarian) IPA(key): /?b?/
  • Rhymes: -ap

Etymology 1

From Old High German ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab.

Preposition

ab

  1. Beginning at that time or location; from.
    Ab heute verfügbar.
    Available from today.
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From adverbial use of the preposition in verbs such as abschlagen, abgehen etc.

Adjective

ab

  1. (colloquial, predicative) off; not attached to anything anymore
    Der Arm ist ab.
    The arm is (hewn) off.
  2. (nonstandard, attributive) off; not attached to anything anymore
    Der abbe Arm ist verschwunden.
    The (hewn) off arm has disappeared.
Usage notes
  • The predicative use is common in colloquial German throughout the country.
  • The attributive forms are mostly used in Western and Northern Germany and are considerably less common than the predicative use. They used to be used mostly jocularly, but become gradually more frequent since they are much shorter than the appropriate full verb forms such as abgetrennt ("disconnected, severed").
  • The inflected attributive forms retain the devoiced consonant. Hence, sometimes they are spelled with p, rather than b: Appes Bein.

Related terms


Interlingua

Preposition

ab

  1. from

Irish

Etymology 1

From Latin abbas ("father"), from Ancient Greek (abbâs), from Aramaic ('abb?, "father").

Pronunciation

Noun

ab m (genitive singular aba, nominative plural abaí)

  1. (Christianity) abbot
    Coordinate terms: ban-ab, máthairab
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Contraction of the relative particle a and the prevocalic variant of the past/conditional copula particle b'.

Pronunciation

Particle

ab

  1. Alternative form of ba (used in relative clauses before a vowel sound).
    Fear maith ab ea é.
    He was a good man.
    buachaill ab áirde ná mo dheartháir - a boy (who was) taller than my brother
Related terms

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ab n-ab hab t-ab
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

  • "ab" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing "ab" in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing "ab" in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

K'iche'

Pronunciation

Noun

ab

  1. hammock
  2. steam
  3. mist

References


Kein

Noun

ab

  1. fire

Further reading


Latin

Alternative forms

  • ? (not used before a vowel or h)
  • abs
  • af (archaic)

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h?epó ("off, away") (whence English off, of and after). See also po-.

Pronunciation

Preposition

ab (+ ablative)

  1. from, away from, out of
  2. down from
  3. at, on, in
  4. (time) after, since
  5. (source of action or event) by, of

Usage notes

Used in conjunction with passive verbs to mark the agent.

  • Liber ? discipul? aper?tur.
    The book is opened by the student.

References

  • ab in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ab in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a gentle ascent: collis leniter ab infimo acclivis (opp. leniter a summo declivis)
    • the east winds are blowing: venti ab ortu solis flant
    • the Rhone[TR2] is the frontier between the Helvetii and the Sequani: Rhodanus Sequanos ab Helvetiis dividit
    • to be far from town: longe, procul abesse ab urbe
    • to devote every spare moment to...; to work without intermission at a thing: nullum tempus intermittere, quin (also ab opere, or ad opus)
    • in the fifth year from the founding of the city: anno ab urbe condita quinto
    • to be always at a person's side: ab alicuius latere non discedere
    • to turn one's gaze away from an object: oculos deicere, removere ab aliqua re
    • to trace one's descent from some one: originem ab aliquo trahere, ducere
    • a native of England: ortus ab Anglis or oriundus ex Anglis
    • from one's entry into civil life: ab ineunte (prima) aetate (De Or. 1. 21. 97)
    • to begin with a thing: initium capere; incipere ab aliqua re
    • to start from small beginnings: ab exiguis initiis proficisci
    • the motive, cause, is to be found in..: causa repetenda est ab aliqua re (not quaerenda)
    • to originate in, arise from: ab aliqua re proficisci
    • to rescue from destruction: ab exitio, ab interitu aliquem vindicare
    • to gain a person's esteem, friendship: gratiam inire ab aliquoor apud aliquem
    • to look favourably upon; to support: propenso animo, studio esse or propensa voluntate esse in aliquem (opp. averso animo esse ab aliquo)
    • to gain one's point with any one: aliquid ab aliquo impetrare
    • to win golden opinions from every one: maximam ab omnibus laudem adipisci
    • to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bene, male audire (ab aliquo)
    • to use up, make full use of one's spare time: otio ab?ti or otium ad suum usum transferre
    • to draw away some one's attention from a thing: alicuius animum ab aliqua re abducere
    • to hold the same views: idem sentire (opp. dissentire ab aliquo)
    • to apply to a person for advice: consilium petere ab aliquo
    • to rescue from oblivion: aliquid ab oblivione vindicare
    • to be quite uncivilised: ab omni cultu et humanitate longe abesse (B. G. 1. 1. 3)
    • to be educated by some one: litteras discere ab aliquo
    • to receive instruction from some one: institui or erudiri ab aliquo
    • to derive an argument from a thing: argumentum ducere, sumere ex aliqua re or petere ab aliqua re
    • to disagree with a person: dissentire, dissidere ab or cum aliquo
    • to go back to the remote ages: repetere ab ultima (extrema, prisca) antiquitate (vetustate), ab heroicis temporibus
    • to have no taste for the fine arts: abhorrere ab artibus (opp. delectari artibus)
    • to go a long way back (in narrative): longe, alte (longius, altius) repetere (either absolute or ab aliqua re)
    • no sound passed his lips: nulla vox est ab eo audita
    • to extract an answer from some one: responsum ab aliquo ferre, auferre
    • to translate from Plato: ab or de (not ex) Platone vertere, convertere, transferre
    • to form, derive a word from... (used of the man who first creates the word): vocabulum, verbum, nomen ducere ab, ex...
    • the word amicitia comes from amare: nomen amicitiae (or simply amicitia) dicitur ab amando
    • to be separated by a deadly hatred: capitali odio dissidere ab aliquo (De Am. 1. 2)
    • to prevent some one from growing angry, appease his anger: animum alicuius ab iracundia revocare
    • to revenge oneself on some one: ulcisci aliquem, poenas expetere ab aliquo
    • to revenge oneself on another for a thing or on some one's behalf: poenas alicuius or alicuius rei repetere ab aliquo
    • to protect any one from wrong: ab iniuria aliquem defendere
    • to neglect one's duty: ab officio discedere
    • to neglect one's duty: de, ab officio decedere
    • to let oneself be perverted from one's duty: ab officio abduci, avocari
    • to have an inclination for a thing: propensum, proclivem esse ad aliquid (opp. alienum, aversum esse, abhorrere ab aliqua re)
    • the principles which I have followed since I came to man's estate: meae vitae rationes ab ineunte aetate susceptae (Imp. Pomp. 1. 1.)
    • to summon some one from the dead: aliquem ab inferis or a mortuis evocare, excitare (passive ab inferis exsistere)
    • to ask for an oracular response: oraculum petere (ab aliquo)
    • from beginning to end: ab ovo usque ad mala (proverb.)
    • the conversation began with..: sermo ortus est ab aliqua re
    • something has been left as a legacy by some one: hereditate aliquid relictum est ab aliquo
    • I have received a legacy from a person: hereditas ad me or mihi venit ab aliquo (Verr. 2. 1. 10)
    • to lend, borrow money at interest: pecuniam fenori (fenore) alicui dare, accipere ab aliquo
    • to borrow money from some one: pecuniam mutuari or sumere mutuam ab aliquo
    • to demand an account, an audit of a matter: rationem alicuius rei reposcere aliquem or ab aliquo
    • to demand an account, an audit of a matter: rationem ab aliquo reptere de aliqua re (Cluent. 37. 104)
    • to gain some one's favour: gratiam inire apud aliquem, ab aliquo (cf. sect. V. 12)
    • to be on a person's side (not ab alicuius partibus): ab (cum) aliquo stare (Brut. 79. 273)
    • to hold different views in politics: ab aliquo in re publica dissentire
    • to deliver some one from slavery: ab aliquo servitutem or servitutis iugum depellere
    • to exact a penalty from some one: poenam petere, repetere ab aliquo
    • to exact a penalty from some one: poenas expetere ab aliquo
    • to lay down arms: ab armis discedere (Phil. 11. 33)
    • to demand satisfaction, restitution: res repetere (ab aliquo) (Off. 1. 11. 36)
    • to gain a victory over the enemy: victoriam reportare ab hoste
    • putting aside, except: cum discessi, -eris, -eritis ab
  • Latin Dictionary, Lewis and Short, 1879.
  • Lingua Latina, Hans H. Ørberg, 2005.

Latvian

Conjunction

ab

  1. (archaic) or

Synonyms

Preposition

ab

  1. (archaic) around

Synonyms


Livonian

Pronunciation

Noun

a'b

  1. (anatomy) shoulder

Usage notes

L?L also features a partitive plural form with -?di as in the example ab?di nustõ "to shrug."

Declension


Middle Irish

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Irish aub, from Proto-Celtic *ab?.

Noun

ab f (genitive aba)

  1. river

Descendants

  • Irish: abha, abhainn
  • Manx: awin
  • Scottish Gaelic: abhainn

Mutation

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ab unchanged n-ab
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology 1

From German ab, meaning "from".

Pronunciation

Preposition

ab

  1. (economics) from; (i.e. delivered) for the seller's expense at a location and forwarded for the buyer's expense
    ab Frankfurt
    from Frankfurt
  2. (economics) as of
    ab mai
    as of May

Etymology 2

Abbreviation of avbetaling.

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. Abbreviation of avbetaling ("installment").
    møbler og vaskemaskin på ab - furniture and washing machine on installment

Derived terms

Related terms

References

  • "ab" in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • "ab" in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Occitan

Alternative forms

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Preposition

ab

  1. (Guardiol) with

Old French

Etymology

Reduced form of Latin apud.

Preposition

ab

  1. (10th century) with

Synonyms

  • avoec (used throughout Old French into the Middle and modern French periods)

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *ab.

Preposition

ab

  1. of

Old Occitan

Etymology

Reduced form of Latin apud

Preposition

ab

  1. with
    • circa 1000, unknown, Lo Poèma de Boecis:
      Non comprarias ab mil liuras d'argent.
      [That] you couldn't buy with a thousand pounds of silver.

Descendants


Pennsylvania German

Etymology

Compare German ab, Dutch af, English off.

Preposition

ab

  1. off
  2. from
  3. away

Pumpokol

Noun

ab

  1. father

Romani

Noun

ab m (plural ab)

  1. river

Scottish Gaelic

Noun

ab m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)

  1. Alternative form of aba

Turkish

Etymology 1

From Ottoman Turkish (?b, "water"), from Persian (?b).

Noun

ab (definite accusative ab?, plural ablar)

  1. (obsolete, poetic) water

Etymology 2

From Ottoman Turkish (b), from Arabic ?(b).

Noun

ab (definite accusative ab?, plural ablar)

  1. (obsolete) defect, flaw, imperfection

Declension

Inflection
Nominative ab
Definite accusative ab?
Singular Plural
Nominative ab ablar
Definite accusative ab? ablar?
Dative aba ablara
Locative abda ablarda
Ablative abdan ablardan
Genitive ab?n ablar?n

Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from German aber ("but").

Conjunction

ab

  1. but

Welsh

Etymology

From fab, soft mutation of mab ("son").

Pronunciation

Prefix

ab

  1. A patronymic indicator; son of.

Usage notes

This form is found before vowels. Before a consonant, the form ap is used.

Antonyms

References

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), "ab", in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Wolof

Article

ab

  1. a/an (singular indefinite article)

Usage notes

Precedes the noun.


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