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LetterX.svg
X U+0058, X
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER X

Translingual

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1

From the Etruscan letter ? (x, "ex"), from the Ancient Greek letter ? (Kh, "chi"), created ex nihilo.

Letter

X (lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
See also

Numeral

Roman numeral
X Previous: IX
Next: XI

X

  1. Roman numeral ten (10)
  2. (especially in the names of aristocracy) the tenth.
Alternative forms

Symbol

X

  1. A symbol of the IPA, representing a voiceless uvular fricative.
  2. (bowling) strike

Etymology 2

Possibly from skull and crossbones

Symbol

X

  1. A hazard indicator, sometimes incorporated into standard labelling and signage systems
Derived terms

Gallery

See also

Other representations of X:


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /?ks/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -?ks

Etymology 1

Numeral

X

  1. An unknown quantity or unknown value.
  2. A variable to be chosen, selected or determined.
Translations

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x, plural Xs or X's)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the English alphabet, called ex and written in the Latin script.
See also

Noun

X

  1. Any mark that looks like that letter, such as such a mark made by a person who cannot read or write, in lieu of a signature.
  2. (lacrosse) The spot behind the goal.
Derived terms
  • (signature mark): xoxo
Translations

Adjective

X (not comparable)

  1. Intersex or non-binary (in passports and identification documents).

Etymology 3

Presumably by abbreviation of the pronunciation of ecstasy.

Noun

X (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Ecstasy, a particular street drug.
    • 2008, Stephen King, Graduation Weekend:
      Tonight the kids will go out and party down in a more righteous mode. Alcohol and not a few tabs of X will be ingested. Club music will throb through big speakers.

Translations

Etymology 4

Adjective

X (not comparable)

  1. (Britain film certificate, dated) Suitable only for those aged 16 or (later) 18 years and over.
  2. (movie rating) Obscene.
    • 1976, Movie Maker (volume 10, issues 1-6, page 364)
      If you go to an X movie you do so knowingly, as does everyone else in the audience. Or if the same thing comes up on TV you can switch over, or, if you wish, enjoy it in relative privacy.
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 5

From Christ by abbreviation, from Ancient Greek ? (Kh, "(letter chi)"), from ? (Khristós, "Christ").

Proper noun

X

  1. (informal) Christ
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 6

Sign reading "Pedestrian X" (Pedestrian Crossing)

From cross, due to the X symbol being a cross saltire.

Noun

X (plural Xes)

  1. (Canada, US) Cross, crossing.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 7

As defined in CIE 1931 color space.

Noun

X (uncountable)

  1. One of the tristimulus values which, with Y and Z, defines coordinates in a three-dimensional color space. Pronounced big X or cap X.
    • 2003, Charles A. Poynton, Digital Video and HDTV: Algorithms and Interfaces, ->ISBN, p. 217:
      X, Y and Z are pronounced big-X, big-Y, and big-Z, or cap-X, cap-Y, and cap-Z, to distinguish them from little x and little y, to be described in a moment.
Translations

Etymology 8

Part of the pronunciation of transaction

Noun

X

  1. (databases) A transaction.
    PgSQL gives each transaction a Transaction ID, or XID.
Translations

Etymology 9

Adjective

X (comparative more X, superlative most X)

  1. (informal) Abbreviation of extreme.

Derived terms


Afar

Letter

X

  1. The eighth letter in the Afar alphabet.

See also


Azerbaijani

Letter

X upper case (lower case x)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Basque

Pronunciation

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Basque alphabet, called ixa and written in the Latin script.

See also


Dutch

Pronunciation

Letter

X (capital, lowercase x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: W
  • Next letter: Y

Esperanto

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Conjunction

X

  1. (text messaging) Abbreviation of a? ("or").

See also

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. (replacement) The letter that represents a diacritic in the x-system, written after the letter in its non-diacriticked form; it is called ikso.
    amba?ambaux

Finnish

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Finnish alphabet, called äks or eks and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords replaced with ks.

See also


French

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Pronunciation

Noun

X m or f (plural X)

  1. X (letter of the Latin alphabet)
  2. X-frame stool
    • 1862, Victor Hugo, Les Misérables, I.3.i:
      La duchesse de Duras lisait à trois ou quatre amis, dans son boudoir meublé d'X en satin bleu ciel [...].
      The Duchess de Duras was reading to two or three friends, in a boudoir furnished with X-frame stools in sky-blue satin.

Adjective

X (invariable)

  1. X-rated

German

Pronunciation

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the German alphabet.

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ 'ks]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ 'iks]

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. A letter of the extended Hungarian alphabet, called iksz and written in the Latin script.

Declension

Possessive forms of X
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. X-em X-eim
2nd person sing. X-ed X-eid
3rd person sing. X-e X-ei
1st person plural X-ünk X-eink
2nd person plural X-etek X-eitek
3rd person plural X-ük X-eik

See also


Ido

Pronunciation

Letter

X (lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation

  • (name of letter) IPA(key): /iks/
  • (phonetic realization) IPA(key): [ks]

Letter

X m or f (invariable, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Latin alphabet, called ics in Italian.

Usage notes

  • The letter X is not considered part of the Italian alphabet. It is found mainly in loanwords, Latinisms, and Grecisms.

See also


Korean

Etymology

From Japanese ×().

Symbol

X

  1. false.

Antonyms

Derived terms


Latin

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Etymology

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ? (Kh, "chi"), which represented /ks/ in the dialects of most of the Greek mainland and Euboea.

Pronunciation

The sound of X was like that of the Greek ? (X, "xi"), that is /ks/, although etymologically it represented not only cs (as in l?x, from luc-s, and d?x?, from dic-si), but also gs (as in l?x, from leg-s; r?x?, from reg-si); hs (as in tr?x?, from trah-si; vex?, from veh-si); and chs (as in the word onyx, from onych-s, borrowed from the Greek). The hardening of a softer final (g, h, ch) before s into the ? sound, which occurs in the last-mentioned cases, is found also in several roots ending in v and u: nix for niv-s, v?x? for viv-si, connix? for conniv-si, flux? for fluv-si, from flu? (root fluv; cf. fluvius), strux? for stru-si. Less frequently x has arisen from the combinations ps and ts: proximus for prop-simus (from prope), n?xus for nit-sus (from n?tor), the latter being used along with the collateral form n?sus, as also conn?v? with connix?, and mistus (from misce?) with mixtus. An exchange of the sounds ss or s and x, took place in axis for assis and laxus for lassus. In the later language of the vulgar, the guttural sound in x disappeared, and s or ss was often written for it; as vis for vix, visit for v?xit, unsit for unxit, conflississet for conflixisset, in late inscriptions; hence regularly in Italian, and frequently in the other Romance tongues, the Latin x is represented by s or ss.

By a mere graphic variation, one of the constituent sounds of x is often expressed in inscriptions (but not the earliest) by an additional ? or s; as SACXO or SAXSO for sax?; VCXOR or VXSOR for uxor; CONIVNCX or CONIVNXS for conjunx; even both sounds are sometimes thus expressed, VICXSIT for v?xit.

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Latin alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Numeral

X

  1. ten; decem.

See also

References

  • "X" in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short [1907], A New Latin Dictionary.

Malay

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [?k?s]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [z]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [k?s]

Letter

X

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Portuguese

Pronunciation

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

See also


Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ics and written in the Latin script.

See also


Saanich

Pronunciation

Letter

X

  1. The thirty-fifth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Somali

Pronunciation

Letter

X upper case (lower case x)

  1. The fifth letter of the Somali alphabet, called xa and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  1. The fifth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by J and followed by KH.

See also


Spanish

Pronunciation

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The 25th letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Derived terms


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà N?i) IPA(key): [?it si], [?it si], [s?:], [s?: ]
  • (Hu?) IPA(key): [?it? j], [?it? s?j], [s?:], [s?: ]
  • (H? Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [t j], [t s?j], [s?:], [s?: ] ~ [t s?j], [t s?j], [s?:], [s?: ]
  • Phonetic: ít sì, ít xì, x?, x? nh?

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called ích, ích xì, x?, or x? nh? and written in the Latin script.

See also


Zulu

Letter

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


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