Wiktionary:Greek Transliteration/Old
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Wiktionary:Greek Transliteration/Old

The table below is now superseded by Wiktionary:Greek transliteration

Important note:

The transliteration of Greek letters into Roman characters is not to intended provide a phonetic representation of a word. The correct place for the pronunciation of a word is in the ===Pronunciation=== section.
Romanisation is a (usually systematic) respelling of a word in Roman characters intended for those who cannot read foreign alphabets or who lack the necessary fonts.

There are a number of bodies working on tables for the transliteration of Greek words into Roman script. These are those where a reproducible methodology is essential, chiefly geographers and librarians who need to fix the Romanised equivalent of a Greek placename or book name. There is a similar page covering Ancient Greek transliteration

The following will help identify the sources mentioned at the head of the table below:


  English Wiktionary ELOT 743
BGN/PCGN
1996
UN
(ELOT 743)
1987
ALA-LC
 
1997
BGN/PCGN
 
1962
? a a a a a
ai ai ai ai e
ái ái ái ai é
ai
av, af, ay [1] av, af, ay [1] av, af [2] au av
? v v v b, v v
? g g g g g, y [3]
ng ng ng [4] ng ng
nx nx nx [4] nx nx
gk gk gk nk g, ng [5]
nch nch nch [4] nch nkh
? d d d d dh, d [6]
? e e e e e
ei ei ei ei i
éi éi ei í
ei
ev, ef, ey [7] ev, ef, ey [7] ev, ef [8] eu ev
? z z z z z
? i i i i [4] i
iv, if, iy [9] iv, if, iy [9] iv, if [4][10] ?u iv
? th th th th th
? i i i i i
? k k k k k
? l l l l l
? m m m m m
b, mp [11] b, mp [11] b, mp [11] b [12] b, mp [11]
? n n n n n
nt nt nt d [12] d, nd, nt [13]
? x x x x x
? o o o o o
oi oi oi oi i
ói ói oi í
oi
ou, oy [14] ou, oy [14] ou ou ou
? p p p p p
? r r r r r
?, ? s s [15] s s s
? t t t t t
? y y y y, u [16] i
yi yi yi i
? f f f ph f
? ch ch ch ch kh
? ps ps ps ps ps
? o [4] o o [4] o o

Notes

  1. ? 1.01.1 av - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and vowels, af - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and at the end of a word, ay - after accented vowel or when ?
  2. ^ av - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and vowels, af - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and at the end of a word
  3. ^ y - before , ?, , ?, ?, , ?,
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 a macron can be added to aid reversibility
  5. ^ g at the beginning of a word, ng in medial position
  6. ^ d - between ? and ?
  7. ? 7.07.1 ev - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and vowels, ef - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and at the end of a word, ey - after accented vowel or when ?
  8. ^ ev - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and vowels, ef - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and at the end of a word
  9. ? 9.09.1 iv - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and vowels, if - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and at the end of a word, iy - after accented vowel or when ?
  10. ^ iv - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and vowels, if - before ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ? and at the end of a word
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 b initially or terminally; medially mp
  12. ? 12.012.1 initially only
  13. ^ d - initially, nd = medially, nt in
  14. ? 14.014.1 oy when or
  15. ^ ? when terminal
  16. ^ u in , , ,

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Wiktionary:Greek_transliteration/Old
 



 



 
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