Roma
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Roma
See also: roma, Róma, romà, romã, R?ma, and Rô-ma

English

A Roma girl in Serbia.

Etymology 1

Related to Rom, from Romani rom, probably ultimately from Sanskrit (?oma, "member of a low caste of travelling musicians and dancers in Kashmir").[1] The names of the Lom and Dom are related. Folk etymology pointed to a legend that the ethnic group were an exiled people from Imperial times.

The other major categories of words for the Roma are cognates of Gypsy (words related to Egypt) and cognates of tzigane (words derived from Greek); see those entries for more information.

Alternative forms

Proper noun

Roma

  1. A nomadic people with origins in India, the Romani.
  2. A subgroup of the Romani people found primary in Eastern Europe.
  3. A variety of the Romani language (or occasionally) the Romani macrolanguage.
Translations
  • For: translations which are exonyms (not cognates of the Romani term for themselves), see Gypsy.

Noun

Roma (plural Romas)

  1. A Romani; a member of the Roma/Romani people.
Translations

Adjective

Roma (not comparable)

  1. Romani: of or pertaining to the Roma people.
Translations

See also

References

  1. ^ See e.g. Matras, Romani, A linguistic Introduction (2005)

Etymology 2

From Latin and Italian Roma ("Rome").

Proper noun

Roma

  1. A variety of tomato.
  2. Any of a number of places, including a city in Texas and a city in Queensland.
  3. A female given name from Latin of English-speakers.
  4. Alternative form of Rome

Etymology 3

Compare Indonesian Bahasa Romang ("Roma language"). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Proper noun

Roma

  1. An Austronesian language of Indonesia.

Further reading

Anagrams


Azerbaijani

Proper noun

Roma

  1. Rome

Catalan

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Etymology

From Latin R?ma.

Proper noun

Roma f

  1. Rome

Related terms


German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'ro:ma/

Noun

Roma

  1. plural of Rom

Hawaiian

Proper noun

Roma

  1. Romans (book of the Bible)

Italian

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology

From Latin R?ma.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'ro.ma/, ['r?o:.ma]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Ró?ma

Proper noun

Roma f

  1. Rome
  2. The letter R in the Italian phonetic alphabet

Related terms

Descendants

  • -> Japanese: (R?ma)(perhaps via Portuguese Roma)

Anagrams


Latin

Etymology

There are some theories:

  • Roman mythology derived the name from R?mulus, name of the legendary founder and first king.
  • The word may derive from "Rumon" or "Rumen", an archaic name for the Tiber river related to the Indo-European root Proto-Indo-European *srew- ("to flow").
  • The word may be of Etruscan origin, as ? (ruma) was one of the Etruscan gentes, from * (*rum, "teat").
  • From Ancient Greek word ? (rhóm?, literally "strength"); see ? (rh?nnumi).

Pronunciation

Proper noun

R?ma f sg (genitive R?mae); first declension

  1. Rome
    Ut Roma jugum omnibus terris imponeret.
    That Rome might overcome all countries.
    Venit a Roma.
    He came from Rome.
  2. The Roman Empire per se (as a synecdoche).
  3. (Late Latin) Rome and/or Constantinople (the latter as "Nova Roma").
  4. (Ecclesiastical Latin, poetic) The Roman Catholic Church in general.

Declension

First-declension noun, with locative, singular only.

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • -> Ancient Greek: ? (Rh?m?),? (Rh?maîos) (see there for further descendants)
  • -> Arabic: ?(r?m?)
    • Hijazi Arabic: ?(r?ma)
  • Catalan: Roma
  • -> Chinese: (Luóm?)(or perhaps via Italian Roma)
  • -> Germanic: *R?m? (see there for further descendants)
  • -> Hebrew: ?(róma)
  • Italian: Roma
    • -> Japanese: (R?ma)(perhaps via Portuguese Roma)
    • -> Korean: (Roma)
    • -> Lithuanian: Roma
  • -> Middle Persian: ?(Hr?m)
    • Persian: (Rum), ?(Orum) (rare, obsolete)
  • Old French: Rome
  • -> Old Irish: Róm
  • Old Portuguese: Roma
  • -> Romanian: Roma
  • -> Slavic: *Rim? (see there for further descendants)
  • Spanish: Roma

References

  • Roma in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Roma in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

From Latin R?ma ("Rome").

Proper noun

Roma

  1. Rome (capital of Italy)

Lithuanian

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt

Etymology

From Latin R?ma ("Rome").

Proper noun

Roma f

  1. Rome (capital of Italy)

Declension


Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper noun

Roma

  1. Rome, the capital city of Italy.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper noun

Roma

  1. Rome, the capital city of Italy.

Old Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin R?ma ("Rome").

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Roma

  1. the city of Rome

Related terms

Descendants


Portuguese

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Etymology

From Old Portuguese Roma, from Latin R?ma ("Rome").

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Roma f

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)
  2. Rome; Ancient Rome (an ancient civilisation centred in Rome)
  3. the Catholic Church (Christian church centred in the Vatican)

Synonyms

Related terms

Anagrams


Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin R?ma.

Proper noun

Roma

  1. Rome

Related terms


Spanish

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology

From Latin R?ma.

Proper noun

Roma f

  1. Rome (a city in Italy)

Derived terms

Related terms


Turkish

Etymology

From Italian and Latin Roma.

Proper noun

Roma

  1. Rome (province)

Declension


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Roma
 



 



 
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