Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/%E1%B8%B1erh%E2%82%82-
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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/%E1%B8%B1erh%E2%82%82-
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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

Alternative reconstructions

References

Potentially a collective derivation in *-h? from *?er- ("horn").[2] A possible loan relation with Proto-Semitic *qarn- ("horn") has also been suggested.

Root

*?erh?-

  1. head, top
  2. horn

Derived terms

  • *?érh?-s-? ~ *?r?h?-s-né-s
  • *h?-es-n-h? (collective)[3]
    • Hellenic: *kár?non (backformation from *kár?na)
      • Ancient Greek: (kár?non)
        Doric: (kár?non)
  • *?ér-h?-os ~ *?ér-h?-es-[4]
    • Hellenic: *kéras
      • Ancient Greek: (kéras)
  • *h?-os ~ *h?-es-[5][6][7]
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: (sar, "tip, top; mountain") (or borrowed from the Iranian cognate)
    • Indo-Iranian: *Has (see there for further descendants)
  • *h?-o-s
  • *?r?h?-nó-s[8][9][10][11]
  • *?r?h?-wós, *?ér-wo-s ~ *?r?h?-éw-os ("deer, stag", literally "the horned one")[12][13][14][15]
  • *?órh?-we-h? (collective)[16][17]
  • *?erh?-s-ro-m[5][18]
  • *kr?h?-s-?r ~ *kr?h?-s-n-ós ("hornet", literally "the one with horns, i.e. antennae")[19][20][21][22]
    • Balto-Slavic: *?ir (see there for further descendants)
      • Slavic: *s?rxy (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *hurznut? (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic: *kr?zr?
      • Latin: cr?br? (see there for further descendants)
  • *?erh?-o-now-os (literally "head nodding")[23]
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Anatolian: (possibly, though Kloekhorst disagrees)[2]
      • Hittite: [script needed] (karau?ar), [script needed] (surna), [script needed] (harsar)
      • Luwian: [script needed] (zurni)
      • -> Persian: ?(sornâ) (see there for further descendants)

References

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), "¹k?er-", in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 574
  2. ? 2.02.1 Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), "(SI)kar?u?ar / karaun", in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-16092-7, pages 517-518
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), "?", in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 9789004174207, page 641
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), "", in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 9789004174207, pages 676-677
  5. ? 5.05.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), "*hersan- ~ *herzan-", in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 221-222
  6. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 906
  7. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 570-571
  8. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), "*s?rna", in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 485
  9. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), "stirna", in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, pages 428-429
  10. ^ Matasovi?, Ranko (2009), "*karno-", in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, pages 190-191
  11. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), "*hurna-", in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 259
  12. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), "", in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 9789004174207, page 676
  13. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), "", in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 9789004174207, page 674
  14. ^ ?ong, D?. (Cheung, Johnny) (2009)T. K., Salbijeva, transl., O?erki istori?eskovo razvitija osetinskovo vokalizma [Studies in the Historical Development of the Ossetic Vocalism] (in Russian), Vladikavkaz: Izdatel?sko-poligrafi?eskoje predprijatije im. V. Gassijeva, ISBN 978-5-91139-107-2, pages 22, 82, 177, 178, 320
  15. ^ Abajev, V. I. (1979) Istoriko-etimologi?eskij slovar? osetinskovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume III, Moscow, Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences, pages 179-181
  16. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), "karv?", in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 230
  17. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), "*kòrva", in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 236
  18. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), "cerebrum", in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 109
  19. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), "*s?r?en?", in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, pages 485-486
  20. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), "?ir?uo", in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, pages 449-450
  21. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), "cr?br?", in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 140
  22. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), "*hurznuta/?-", in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 259
  23. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), "cernuus", in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 110-111

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