Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/durz
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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/durz
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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic

Etymology

Likely back-formed from *d?ur-ih?, an old neuter dual form, from Proto-Indo-European *d?wer-.[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

*durz f[1]

  1. door, hatch, flap

Inflection

consonant stemDeclension of *durz (consonant stem)
singular plural
nominative *durz *duriz
vocative *dur *duriz
accusative *dur? *durunz
genitive *duriz *dur
dative *duri *durumaz
instrumental *dur? *durumiz

Usage notes

This word was a plurale tantum in Old Norse, and it might have been used in that way in Proto-Germanic as well (compare the same development with cognate *dv?ri in most Slavic languages); this is further evident by its form in compound words (e.g. compare Old English ?agduru, Old High German ougatora, ougtora, Gothic (augadaur?)). In Old High German and Old Dutch it became a singular i-stem, which no doubt derives from the original plural. Old English and Old Saxon show a u-stem noun, which most likely derives from the singular because of the lack of umlaut.

Related terms

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), "*dur?-", in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ->ISBN, page 110

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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/durz
 



 



 
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