Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/alhs
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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/alhs
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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic

Etymology

Cognate with Lithuanian alkas, elkas ("sanctuary, grove"), Latvian elks ("idol"). Pokorny (p. 32) proposes a derivation from Proto-Indo-European *alk- ("sacred place, sanctuary; idol") (= *h?elk-), from Proto-Indo-European *h?lek- ("to defend"), whence Ancient Greek (aléx?, "defend, ward off"), Ancient Greek ? (alk?, "defence, help, strength"), Latin ulciscor ("avenge"). Kroonen, however, doubts this, adding that "[g]iven the root noun inflection, it is conceivable that the word was adopted from a local non-I[ndo-]E[uropean] language by Germanic and Baltic after their arrival in Europe" (2013:22 s.v. *alh-).

Noun

*alhs m[1]

  1. shelter; building
  2. temple; sanctuary
  3. settlement, residence

Inflection

consonant stemDeclension of *alhs (consonant stem)
singular plural
nominative *alhs *alhiz
vocative *alh *alhiz
accusative *alh? *alhunz
genitive *alhiz *alh
dative *alhi *alhumaz
instrumental *alh? *alhumiz

Related terms

Descendants

  • Old English: ealh
  • Old Saxon: alah
  • Old High German: alah
  • Norse: (alh), (alh) alh (runic inscription)
  • Gothic: ? (alhs)

References

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), "*alh-", in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ->ISBN, page 22

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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/alhs
 



 



 
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