O
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O
See also: o, ö, ?, and Appendix:Variations of "o"
LetterO.svg
O U+004F, O
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O

Translingual

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From the Etruscan letter ? (o, "o"), from the Ancient Greek letter ? (O, "omikron"), derived from the Phoenician letter ?(?, "?ayin"), from the Egyptian hieroglyph ?.

Letter

O (lower case o)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Symbol

O

  1. (chemistry) Symbol for oxygen.
  2. (mathematics) big O: a class of functions asymptotically bounded from above by a specific function, up to a constant factor
  3. (linear algebra, group theory) orthogonal group

Gallery

See also

Other representations of O:


English

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o, plural Os or O's)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the English alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script.
    • 1959, Anthony Burgess, Beds in the East (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 421:
      "Supposing somebody sees you, with all those flowers too? Supposing somebody writes him a letter? Ooooh!" (a pure round open Tamil O.)

Noun

O (uncountable)

  1. A blood type that lacks A or B antigens and may only receive transfusions of similar type O blood, but may donate to all (neglecting Rh factor). Synonym: universal donor.
See also

Number

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The ordinal number fifteenth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

From Middle English O, o, from Old English o, from Latin o and Ancient Greek ? (ô, interjection). Featured prominently in William Tyndale's 1525 translation of the New Testament.

Alternative forms

  • o
  • ô (obsolete)

Particle

O

  1. The English vocative particle, used for direct address.
    O, Death! O, Death! Won't you spare me over til another year? - part of the refrain from the American folk song "A Conversation with Death".
    • 1525, Tyndale's translation of Romans 2.1,3:
      Therefore arte thou inexcusable o man whosoever thou be that iudgest. For in that same where in thou iudgest another, thou cõdemnest thysilfe. For thou that iudgest doest ev? the same silfe thynges. [...] Thynkest thou O man that iudgest them which do soche thyngs and yet dost ev? the very same, that thou shalt escape the iudgem?t of God?
    • c. 1810-1820?, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Notes on Macbeth
      O! the affecting beauty of the death of Cawdor, and the presentimental speech of the king: [...]
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:O.
Usage notes
  • The word O is typically written in upper case in modern usage.
  • O is often used in translations from languages which have the vocative case.
  • Although it is not strictly archaic, the particle is sometimes used archaizingly. It conveys a formal or reverential tone.
Derived terms
Translations
Synonyms
See also

Etymology 3

Abbreviation.

Noun

O (countable and uncountable, plural Os)

  1. (printing) American Library Association abbreviation of octavo, a book size (20-25 cm).
  2. (soccer) Someone associated with Leyton Orient Football Club, as a player, coach, supporter etc.
  3. (cricket) The number of overs bowled.
  4. (slang) Orgasm.
    Synonym: big O
    • 1998 October 17, M6968, "STORY: The Violation of Sunny a wrestling story, by Wonder Mike", in alt.sex.stories, Usenet[1], retrieved November 22, 2014:
      Sunny felt some cold and wet press against her pussy, it startled her, then it's tongue went deep inside of her, she had been eaten out before, but never this could, who ever was doing it was a real pro, and had to have the longest tongue in the world it was buried at least three inches inside of her and was taking long, hard strokes, it was trying to get even deeper, it was only seconds before she started shaking from her first O.
    • 1999 March 31, JT aka GF, "Re: mary p., hex and going "downtown"", in alt.psst.hoy, Usenet[2], retrieved November 22, 2014:
      Further on, when she's about to reach her first O, the taste turns from no taste to champagne-like.
    • 2010, Lonnie Hicks, Einstein, Religion, Politics and Literature, page 308:
      She thought you could get pregnant from tonguing when kissing; about her first O and how it scared her; how she looked in the mirror afterwards to see if she had changed; about how scared she was when it came time to deliver the baby.
    • 2011 June 14, wtw, "{wtw} - "4someWithFriends" (1/1)", in alt.sex.stories, Usenet[3], retrieved November 22, 2014:
      Now my friend was fingering my wife and licking her clit. My wife reached her first O of the night.

Etymology 4

Korean ?, ? or ? (o, ? or ?)

Alternative forms

Proper noun

O

  1. A Korean surname, the English form of a surname very common in Korea. (? (O), hanja: ?, ?).

Afar

Letter

O

  1. The fifteenth letter in the Afar alphabet.

See also


Azerbaijani

Letter

O upper case (lower case o)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Basque

Pronunciation

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Basque alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script.

See also


Chinese

Etymology

From English occupied.

Pronunciation

Adjective

O

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, slang) in a relationship

Usage notes

A number may be placed after O to indicate the number of relationships a person has had, including the current one.

Derived terms


Dutch

Pronunciation

Letter

O (capital, lowercase o)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

Adverb

O

  1. Abbreviation of oost; east

See also

  • Previous letter: N
  • Next letter: P

Esperanto

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script.

See also


Estonian

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called oo and written in the Latin script.

See also


Finnish

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called oo and written in the Latin script.

See also


French

Pronunciation

Noun

O

  1. Abbreviation of ouest; west

Letter

O

  1. The fifteenth letter of the French alphabet.

Galician

Noun

O

  1. oeste, occidente (west)

Synonyms

  • (west): W

German

Pronunciation

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the German alphabet.

Noun

O

  1. Abbreviation of Ost; east

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script.

Declension

Possessive forms of O
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. O-m O-im
2nd person sing. O-d O-id
3rd person sing. O-ja O-i
1st person plural O-nk O-ink
2nd person plural O-tok O-itok
3rd person plural O-juk O-ik

See also


Ido

Letter

O (lower case o)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation

Letter

O m or f (invariable, lower case o)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Italian alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script.

See also


Korean

Alternative forms

  • ? (rare)

Etymology

From Japanese ?().

Symbol

O

  1. true.

Antonyms

Derived terms


Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. M?lenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

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Letter

O

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Latvian alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

In native Latvian words (and in some older borrowings), o represents the sound of IPA [u] (e.g., otrs [ut?s]). In more recent borrowings, it represents the original sound of the word, i.e. [o] or [o:] (e.g., opera [o:pe?a]).

See also


Malay

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation

Letter

O

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Portuguese

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

When followed by the letter a, a diphthong representing the phoneme /o?a/ is formed, as in foarte /'fo?ar.te/.

See also


Saanich

Pronunciation

Letter

O

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

Letter

O (lower case o)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Slovene

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation

Letter

O (capital, lowercase o)

  1. The 16th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by N and followed by P.

Somali

Pronunciation

Letter

O upper case (lower case o)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Somali alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • The twenty-sixth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by I and followed by U.

See also


Spanish

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The 16th letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Noun

O m

  1. Abbreviation of oeste; west

Turkish

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script.

See also


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called o or ô and written in the Latin script.

See also


Welsh

Pronunciation

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called o and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by N and followed by P.

Mutation

  • O cannot be mutated but, being a vowel, does take h-prothesis, for example with the word oren ("orange"):
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
oren unchanged unchanged horen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also

Further reading

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-present) , "O", in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Zulu

Letter

O (upper case, lower case o)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


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