J
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J
See also: j [U+006A LATIN SMALL LETTER J], Appendix:Variations of "j", and ?[U+0644 ARABIC LETTER LAM]
LetterJ.svg
J U+004A, J
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER J

Translingual

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From a modification of the Latin letter I ("i"), from the Etruscan letter ? (i, "i"), from the Ancient Greek letter ? (I, "iota"), derived from the Phoenician letter ?(y, "yod"), from the Egyptian hieroglyph ?.

Letter

J (lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Symbol

J

  1. (metrology) The symbol for joule, the unit of work or energy in the International System of Units
  2. jack (playing card)

Numeral

J (upper case Roman numeral, lower case j)

  1. Archaic form of I ("1") used at the end of a number.
    VIIJ - 8

Gallery

See also

Other representations of J:


English

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

(file)

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j, plural Js or J's)

  1. The tenth letter of the English alphabet, called jay and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • In some names beginning with "J" of northern or eastern European origin, "J" is pronounced as a "Y", for example in the former country of Jugoslavia, which in English more recently is more commonly spelled as Yugoslavia.
  • In Spanish names and loanwords beginning with "J", the "J" is usually pronounced as an "H", for example in the name Julio.

See also

Noun

J (plural Js or J's or JJ)

  1. (slang) (plural Js or J's) A marijuana cigarette. (Abbreviation of joint.)
    • 1980 July, Paul Simon (lyrics and music), "Late in the Evening", in One-Trick Pony:
      I stepped outside to smoke myself a J.
    • 1998, Joel and Ethan Coen, The Big Lebowski, spoken by The Dude (Jeff Bridges):
      Mind if I do a J?
  2. In the name of a serial publication: abbreviation of Journal.
    • 1969, The Law Commission, Family Law: Report on Financial Provision in Matrimonial Proceedings (Law Com. No. 25)‎[1], London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, OCLC 634701138, paragraph 29, note 57:
      "Custody or upbringing" is regarded as including access; yet in B. v. B. & F. above no regard was paid to the welfare of the infants which was irrelevant to the particular issue with which the court was concerned--namely whether children were "children of the family". But the effect was to deprive the husband of access and it seems clear that whether or not he was the father, access could have been awarded to him in an application other than under s. 34 of the 1965 Act if the welfare of the children so demanded: [1969] Cam. L.J. [Cambridge Law Journal] 37 [...]
  3. (law, postnominal) (plural JJ) Abbreviation of judge or justice.
    • 1992 June 3, Chief Justice Anthony Mason; Justice Michael McHugh, "Mabo v Queensland (No 2)", in Australasian Legal Information Institute[2], High Court of Australia:
      In the result, six members of the Court (Dawson J. dissenting) are in agreement that the common law of this country recognizes a form of native title which, in the cases where it has not been extinguished, reflects the entitlement of the indigenous inhabitants, in accordance with their laws or customs, to their traditional lands and that, subject to the effect of some particular Crown leases, the land entitlement of the Murray Islanders in accordance with their laws or customs is preserved, as native title, under the law of Queensland. The main difference between those members of the Court who constitute the majority is that, subject to the operation of the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth), neither of us nor Brennan J. agrees with the conclusion to be drawn from the judgments of Deane, Toohey and Gaudron JJ. that, at least in the absence of clear and unambiguous statutory provision to the contrary, extinguishment of native title by the Crown by inconsistent grant is wrongful and gives rise to a claim for compensatory damages.
  4. (Britain, road transport) Abbreviation of junction.
    The Highways Agency plan to close J10 of the M5 to refurbish the motorway bridge.
  5. (card games) The eleventh playing card in a suit: abbreviation of jack.
  6. (basketball) Abbreviation for jump shot
    • 2017 February 18, Mike Gantner, "Durant a big admirer of DeRozan and his work ethic", in Toronto Sun[3]:
      And Durant had a front seat for just how much work DeRozan was putting in during their time together in Rio. "I watched him man," Durant said. "His footwork in the post is flawless. His jump shot in the mid-range is incredible. That is the type of stuff I look at as a basketball guy, his footwork, his mechanics on his J, his handle. At first he was a dunker and he barely dunks now. He's a finesse player but he can play power forward. I'm a big fan."
Translations

Related terms

References


Azerbaijani

Letter

J upper case (lower case j)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Basque

Pronunciation

  • (Biscayan) IPA(key): [do.ta]
  • (Gipuzkoan) IPA(key): [xo.ta]
  • (Navarrese) IPA(key): [jo.ta]
  • (Navarro-Lapurdian) IPA(key): [?o.ta]
  • (Souletin) IPA(key): [?o.ta]

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Basque alphabet, called jota and written in the Latin script.

See also


Dutch

Pronunciation

Letter

J (capital, lowercase j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: I
  • Next letter: K

Esperanto

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called jo or je and written in the Latin script.

See also


Estonian

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called jott and written in the Latin script.

See also


Finnish

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called jii and written in the Latin script.

See also


German

Pronunciation

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the German alphabet.

Symbol

J

  1. (chemistry) The chemical symbol of iodine.
  2. (card games) A jack, also called Junge.

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Declension

Possessive forms of J
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. J-m J-im
2nd person sing. J-d J-id
3rd person sing. J-je J-i
1st person plural J-nk J-ink
2nd person plural J-tek J-itek
3rd person plural J-jük J-ik

See also


Ido

Pronunciation

Letter

J (lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation

  • (name of letter) IPA(key): /i'lun?a/
  • (phonetic realization) IPA(key): [j], [?], [d?] (varies according to the source language of the borrowed term)

Letter

J m or f (invariable, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Latin alphabet, called i lunga in Italian.

Usage notes

  • The letter J is not considered part of the Italian alphabet. It is found in loanwords and in Latinisms, where it is a variant of the letter I.

See also


Latin

In Latin, the letter J is a modern typographical convention for the consonant form of I. The letter I in ancient times represented either a vowel or a consonant, see I for more information.

Pronunciation

Letter

J

  1. A letter of the Latin alphabet.

References


Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. M?lenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

Letter

J

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called j? and written in the Latin script.

See also


Malay

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [de]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [d]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [t]

Letter

J

  1. The tenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Portuguese

Pronunciation

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called je or and written in the Latin script.

See also


Saanich

Pronunciation

Letter

J

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

Letter

J (lower case j)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Slovene

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation

Letter

J (capital, lowercase j)

  1. The 11th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by I and followed by K.

Somali

Pronunciation

Letter

J upper case (lower case j)

  1. The fourth letter of the Somali alphabet, called ja and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  1. The fourth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by T and followed by X.

See also


Spanish

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Turkish

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called je and written in the Latin script.

See also


Uzbek

Pronunciation

Letter

J (lower case j)

  1. The ninth letter of the Uzbek alphabet, called je and written in the Latin script.

See also


Welsh

Pronunciation

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called je and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by I and followed by L.

Mutation

  • J cannot be mutated in Welsh.

See also

Further reading

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-present) , chapter J, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Zulu

Letter

J (upper case, lower case j)

  1. The tenth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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