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Dutch
See also: dutch

English

Wiktionary
Dutch edition of Wiktionary

Alternative forms

  • (abbreviation): Du.

Etymology

From Middle English Duch ("German, Low German, Dutch"), from Middle Low German dütsch, düdesch ("German, Low German, Dutch") and Middle Dutch d?tsch, duutsc ("German, Low German, Dutch"), from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz ("of one's people"), derived from *þeud? ("people"), from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh?. Doublet of Deutsch.

Compare Middle English thedisch ("native, endemic") from Old English þ?odis? ("of one's people"), Old Saxon thiudisk (German Low German düütsch ("German")), Old High German diutisc (modern German deutsch ("German")), modern Dutch Duits ("German") alongside elevated Diets ("Dutch") (a secondary distinction, fully accepted only in the 19th century). See also Derrick, Teuton, Teutonic.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: d?ch, IPA(key): /d?t?/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -?t?

Adjective

Dutch (not comparable)

  1. Of or pertaining to the Netherlands, the Dutch people or the Dutch language.
  2. (archaic or regional, except in set terms) Pertaining to Germanic-speaking peoples on the European continent, chiefly the Dutch, the Germans, and the Goths; Teutonic; Germanic. Especially refers to Germans, and specific use to established German-speaking communities in parts of the USA.
  3. (obsolete outside certain fixed expressions, or in the sense of "thrifty", derogatory) Substitute, inferior, ersatz (as seen in expressions such as Dutch courage, Dutch treat, Dutch oven, and Dutch comfort), or thrifty, (See Dutch treat; compare go Dutch.)
  4. (South Africa, derogatory, offensive, ethnic slur) Pertaining to Afrikaner culture (Cape Dutch)

Derived terms

Translations

Proper noun

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Dutch

  1. The main language of the Netherlands and Flanders (i.e., the northern half of Belgium).
  2. (archaic) German; the main language of the Holy Roman Empire (Germany, Austria, Alsace, Luxembourg).

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

Dutch pl (plural only)

  1. (collective) The people of the Netherlands.
    The Dutch will vote on the matter next month.
  2. (South Africa, derogatory, offensive, ethnic slur) Afrikaner people (Cape Dutch)
  3. (collective) The Pennsylvania Dutch people,

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

Dutch (third-person singular simple present Dutches, present participle Dutching, simple past and past participle Dutched)

  1. To treat cocoa beans or powder with an alkali solution to improve the color or flavor.
    • 2015, Deb Wise, Incredibly Decadent Desserts: 100 Divine Treats Under 300 Calories:
      Dutch processed is made from cocoa beans that have been treated with an alkalized solution. You'll get a deeper color and a great chocolaty flavor, but more importantly, the process of Dutching the chocolate renders the powder neutral.

See also

Further reading


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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