Appendix:Latin Second Conjugation
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Appendix:Latin Second Conjugation

The Latin second conjugation has a stem ending in long 'e'. The infinitive ends in '-?re'.

Example

mone?, mon?re, monu?, monitumto warn

Active Indicative

Present

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st mone? I warn mon?mus We warn
2nd mon?s You warn mon?tis You (pl.) warn
3rd monet He/she/it warns monent They warn

Imperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st mon?bam I was warning mon?b?mus We were warning
2nd mon?b?s You were warning mon?b?tis You (pl.) were warning
3rd mon?bat He/she/it was warning mon?bant They were warning

Future

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st mon?b? I will warn mon?bimus We will warn
2nd mon?bis You will warn mon?bitis You (pl.) will warn
3rd mon?bit He/she/it will warn mon?bunt They will warn

Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monu? I have warned monuimus We have warned
2nd monuist? You have warned monuistis You (pl.) have warned
3rd monuit He/she/it has warned monu?runt They have warned

Pluperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monueram I had warned monuer?mus We had warned
2nd monuer?s You had warned monuer?tis You (pl.) had warned
3rd monuerat He/she/it had warned monuerant They had warned

Future Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monuer? I shall have warned monuerimus We shall have warned
2nd monueris You will have warned monueritis You (pl.) will have warned
3rd monuerit He/she/it will have warned monuerint They will have warned

Passive Indicative

Present

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st moneor I am warned mon?mur We are warned
2nd mon?ris You are warned mon?min? You (pl.) are warned
3rd mon?tur He/she/it is warned monentur They are warned

Imperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monebar I was warned moneb?mur We were warned
2nd moneb?ris You were warned moneb?min? You (pl.) were warned
3rd moneb?tur He/she/it was warned monebantur They were warned

Future

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monebor I will be warned monebimur We will be warned
2nd moneberis You will be warned monebimini You (pl.) will be warned
3rd monebitur He/she/it will be warned monebuntur They will be warned

Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monitus sum I have been warned moniti sumus We have been warned
2nd monitus es You have been warned moniti estis You (pl.) have been warned
3rd monitus est He/she/it has been warned moniti sunt They have been warned

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-declension adjective.

Pluperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monitus eram I had been warned moniti eramus We had been warned
2nd monitus eras You had been warned moniti eratis You (pl.) had been warned
3rd monitus erat He/she/it had been warned moniti erant They had been warned

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-declension adjective.

Future perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monitus er? I will have been warned moniti erimus We will have been warned
2nd monitus eris You will have been warned moniti eritis You (pl.) will have been warned
3rd monitus erit He/she/it will have been warned moniti erunt They will have been warned

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-declension adjective.

Active subjunctive

Present

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st moneam I may warn mone?mus we may warn
2nd mone?s You may warn mone?tis You (pl.) may warn
3rd moneat He/she/it may warn moneant They may warn

Imperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st mon?rem I should warn mon?r?mus we should warn
2nd mon?r?s You would warn mon?r?tis You (pl.) would warn
3rd mon?ret He/she/it would warn mon?rent They would warn

Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monuerim I may have warned monuer?mus we may have warned
2nd monuer?s You may have warned monuer?tis You (pl.) may have warned
3rd monuerit He/she/it may have warned monuerint They may have warned

Pluperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monuissem I should have warned monuiss?mus we should have warned
2nd monuiss?s You would have warned monuiss?tis You (pl.) would have warned
3rd monuisset He/she/it would have warned monuissent They would have warned

Passive subjunctive

Present

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monear I may be warned mone?mur we may be warned
2nd mone?ris You may be warned mone?min? You (pl.) may be warned
3rd mone?tur He/she/it may be warned moneantur They may be warned

Imperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st mon?rer I should be warned mon?r?mur we should be warned
2nd mon?r?ris You would be warned mon?r?min? You (pl.) would be warned
3rd mon?r?tur He/she/it would be warned mon?rentur They would be warned

Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monitus sim I may have been warned monit? s?mus we may have been warned
2nd monitus s?s You may have been warned monit? s?tis You (pl.) may have been warned
3rd monitus sit He/she/it may have been warned monit? sint They may have been warned

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-declension adjective.

Pluperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st monitus essem I should have been warned monit? ess?mus we should have been warned
2nd monitus ess?s You would have been warned monit? ess?tis You (pl.) would have been warned
3rd monitus esset He/she/it would have been warned monit? essent They would have been warned

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-declension adjective.

Imperative

Active
Mon?! (sing.) Warn!
Mon?te! (pl.) Warn!

Passive
Mon?re! (sing.) Be warned!
Mon?min?! (pl.) Be warned!

Gerunds

Nom. - mon?re
Gen. - monend?
Dat. - monend?
Acc. - monendum
Abl. - monend?

Infinitives and Participles

Act. Pres. Inf. - Mon?re
Pass. Pres. Inf. - Mon?r?
Act. Perf. Inf. - Monuisse
Pass. Perf. Inf. - Monitus esse
Act. Fut. Inf. - Monit?rus esse
Pass. Fut. Inf. - Monitum ?r?

Act. Pres. Part. - Mon?ns
Pass. Perf. Part. - Monitus
Act. Fut. Part. - Monit?rus
Pass. Fut. Part. - Monendus

Related topics


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Appendix:Latin_second_conjugation
 



 



 
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