Appendix:Latin First Conjugation
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Appendix:Latin First Conjugation

The Latin first conjugation has a stem ending in a — the infinitive ends in "-?re".

Example

am?, am?re, am?v?, am?tumto love

Active indicative

Present

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am? I love am?mus We love
2nd am?s You love am?tis You (pl.) love
3rd amat He/she/it loves amant They love

Imperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?bam I was loving am?b?mus We were loving
2nd am?b?s You were loving am?b?tis You (pl.) were loving
3rd am?bat He/she/it was loving am?bant They were loving

Future

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?b? I will love am?bimus We will love
2nd am?bis You will love am?bitis You (pl.) will love
3rd am?bit He/she/it will love am?bunt They will love

Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?v? I (have) loved am?vimus We (have) loved
2nd am?vist? You (have) loved am?vistis You (pl.) (have) loved
3rd am?vit He/she/it/there (has) loved am?v?runt They (have) loved

Pluperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?veram I had loved am?ver?mus We had loved
2nd am?ver?s You had loved am?ver?tis You (pl.) had loved
3rd am?verat He/she/it had loved am?verant They had loved

Future Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?ver? I will have loved am?ver?mus We will have loved
2nd am?ver?s You will have loved am?ver?tis You (pl.) will have loved
3rd am?verit He/she/it will have loved am?verint They will have loved

A form with short -i- (am?verimus) is found in some authors, e.g. Terence, Eunuchus 592, but Cicero and Catullus preferred the form with long -i-, e.g. Catullus 5.10 (with Fordyce's note).

Passive Indicative

Present

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st amor I am being loved am?mur We are being loved
2nd am?ris You are being loved am?min? You (pl.) are being loved
3rd am?tur He/she/it is being loved amantur They are being loved

Imperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?bar I was loved am?b?mur We were loved
2nd am?b?ris You were loved am?b?min? You (pl.) were loved
3rd am?b?tur He/she/it was loved am?bantur They were loved

Future

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?bor I will be loved am?bimur We will be loved
2nd am?beris You will be loved am?bimin? You (pl.) will be loved
3rd am?bitur He/she/it will be loved am?buntur They will be loved

Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?tus sum I (have been/was) loved am?t? sumus We (have been/were) loved
2nd am?tus es You (have been/were) loved am?t? estis You (pl.) (have been/were) loved
3rd am?tus est He/she/it (has been/was) loved am?t? sunt They (have been/were) loved

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-declension adjective.

Pluperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?tus eram I had been loved am?t? er?mus We had been loved
2nd am?tus er?s You had been loved am?t? er?tis You (pl.) had been loved
3rd am?tus erat He/she/it had been loved am?t? erant They had been loved

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-declension adjective.

Future perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?tus er? I will have been loved am?t? erimus We will have been loved
2nd am?tus eris You will have been loved am?t? eritis You (pl.) will have been loved
3rd am?tus erit He/she/it will have been loved am?t? erunt They will have been loved

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-declension adjective.

Active subjunctive

Present

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st amem I may love am?mus We may love
2nd am?s You may love am?tis You (pl.) may love
3rd amet He/she/it may love ament They may love

Imperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?rem I should love am?r?mus We should love
2nd am?r?s You would love am?r?tis You (pl.) would love
3rd am?ret He/she/it would love am?rent They would love

Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?verim I may have loved am?ver?mus we may have loved
2nd am?ver?s You may have loved am?ver?tis You (pl.) may have loved
3rd am?verit He/she/it may have loved am?verint They may have loved

Pluperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?vissem I should have loved am?viss?mus we should have loved
2nd am?viss?s You would have loved am?viss?tis You (pl.) would have loved
3rd am?visset He/she/it would have loved am?vissent They would have loved

Passive subjunctive

Present

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st amer I may be loved am?mur We may be loved
2nd am?ris You may be loved am?min? You (pl.) may be loved
3rd am?tur He/she/it may be loved amentur They may be loved

Imperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?rer I should be loved am?r?mur We should be loved
2nd am?r?ris You would be loved am?r?min? You (pl.) would be loved
3rd am?r?tur He/she/it would be loved am?rentur They would be loved

Perfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?tus sim I may have been loved am?t? s?mus We may have been loved
2nd am?tus s?s You may have been loved am?t? s?tis You (pl.) may have been loved
3rd am?tus sit He/she/it may have been loved am?t? sint They may have been loved

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-declension adjective.

Pluperfect

Person Singular Meaning Plural Meaning
1st am?tus essem I should have been loved am?t? ess?mus We should have been loved
2nd am?tus ess?s You would have been loved am?t? ess?tis You (pl.) would have been loved
3rd am?tus esset He/she/it would have been loved am?t? essent They would have been loved

Note: The participle is inflected for gender and number like a first- and second-declension adjective.

Imperative

Active

am?! - (singular) Love!
am?te! - (plural) Love!

Passive

am?re! - (singular) Be loved!
am?min?! - (plural) Be loved!

Gerunds

For nominative, the infinitive is used.

Nominative - am?re
Genitive - amand?
Dative - amand?
Accusative - amandum
Ablative - amand?

Infinitives and participles

Present active infinitive - am?re
Present passive infinitive - am?r?
Perfect active infinitive - am?visse
Perfect passive infinitive - am?tus esse
Future active infinitive - am?t?rus esse
Future passive infinitive - am?tum ?r?

Present active participle - am?ns
Perfect passive participle - am?tus
Future active participle - am?t?rus
Future passive participle - amandus

Note: The perfect passive and both future participles are declined like normal 1st/2nd declension adjectives. The present active participle is declined like a 3rd declension adjective with a genitive of amantis. Also, there are no present passive or perfect active participles.

Related topics


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Appendix:Latin_first_conjugation
 



 



 
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