Appendix:Hungarian Pronunciation
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Appendix:Hungarian Pronunciation

The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is used to represent Hungarian pronunciations in Wiktionary entries.

Consonants

IPA Phoneme Example
/b/ bab ['b?b] ? 'bean'
/t?s/ cím ['t?si:m] ? 'address'
/ts/ hatszög ['h?tsø?] ? 'hexagon'
/ts/ rendszer ['r?nts?r] ? 'system'
/t/ csap ['tp] ? 'faucet'; 'to strike'
/d/ dob ['dob] ? 'throw', 'drum'
/d?z/ edz? ['?d?z:ø:] 'coach'
/d/ dzsessz ['ds:] 'jazz'
/f/ fa ['f?] ? 'tree'
/?/ gép ['?e:p] ? 'machine'
/?/ gyár ['?a:r] ? 'factory'
/h/: [h], [?], [x] haj ['h?j] ? 'hair'
[?][1] soha ['?o] ? 'never'
[x] potroh ['potrox] 'abdomen'
/j/: [j], [ç], [?], [?] jól ['jo:l] ? 'well'
/j/ helyes ['h?j] ? 'correct; pretty'
[ç][2] rakj ['r?kç]! ? 'put!'
[?][3] sarj ['r?] 'shoot, sprout'
[?][4] órsi ['o:ri?a:?i] ? huge
/k/ kis ['ki?] ? 'small'
/l/ lap ['l?p] ? 'sheet'
/m/: [m], [?] ma ['m?] ? 'today'
/n/: [n], [?], [?] nép ['ne:p] ? 'people'
[?] [5] tanfolyam ['tfoj?m] ? 'course'
[?] [6] hang ['hg] ? 'voice'
/?/ nyugat ['?ug?t] ? 'west'
/p/ pontos ['ponto?] ? 'accurate'
/r/ rész ['re:s] ? 'part, piece'
/?/ sem ['m] ? 'neither'
/s/ szól ['so:l] ? 'to say'
/t/ több ['tøb:] ? 'more'
/c/ tyúk ['cu:k] 'hen'
/v/ vág ['va:?] ? 'to cut'
/z/ zug ['zug] ? 'nook'
/?/ zseb ['b] 'pocket'
  1. ^ Voiced glottal fricative: 1. Between two non-identical vowels 2. Between a sonorant (m, n, ny, l, j, r) and a vowel (in this order).
  2. ^ At the end of the word after f, k, p. Examples: döfj, rakj, kapj.
  3. ^ At the end of the word after b, v, g, r, m. Examples: dobj, óvj, égj, férj, szomj.
  4. ^ A weak glide [?] pronounced within a word (or a compound element) between two adjacent vowels (where one of them is i or í) to fill the hiatus.
  5. ^ n and m in the nf, nv, mf, mv consonant combinations.
  6. ^ n in the ng and nk consonant combinations.

Vowels

IPA Phoneme Example
/?/ agy ['] ? 'brain'
/a:/ ágy ['a:?] ? 'bed'
/?/ eke ['?k?] ? 'plow'
/e:/ ép ['e:p] ? 'intact'
/i/ irt ['irt] ? 'to eradicate'
/i:/ írt ['i:rt] ? 'wrote'
/o/ ok ['ok] ? 'cause, reason'
/o:/ ó ['o:] ? 'old'
/ø/ öt ['øt] ? 'five'
/ø:/ ?t ['ø:t] ? 'him/her (accusative)'
/u/ un ['un] ? 'to be bored of'
/u:/ út ['u:t] ? 'road'
/y/ ül ['yl] ? 'to sit'
/y:/ ?r ['y:r] ? 'space'

Other symbols

A stress mark is placed before the syllable that is stressed.

IPA indicates
' ('a) primary stress
? (?a) secondary stress
/ / phonemes, as in /'inform?tik?/
[ ] speech sounds, as in ['i?form?tik?]

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Appendix:Hungarian_pronunciation
 



 



 
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