Appendix:Amharic Swadesh List
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Appendix:Amharic Swadesh List

This is a Swadesh list of words in Amharic, compared with that of English.

Presentation

For further information, read the article: Swadesh list

The Swadesh word list, developed by the linguist Morris Swadesh, is used as a tool to study the evolution of languages. It contains a set of basic words which can be found in every language. Various versions have been created, in particular:

  • a complete 207 words version, in which some of the words are not found in every environment (it contains for instance snake and snow)
  • a reduced 100 words version.

This word list should not be considered as an elementary lexicon to communicate with speakers of a given language; for such a purpose, the numerous existing Wikivoyage lexicons are more useful. Its only objective is to give a rough idea of the language, by showing its lexical and, when possible, phonetics basis.

List

No. English Amharic
?
1 I
2 you (singular) (formal)
3 he (he) (she)
4 we
5 you (plural) ?
6 they ?
7 this
8 that ?
9 here
10 there
11 who
12 what
13 where
14 when
15 how ?
16 not
17 all
18 many
19 some
20 few
21 other
22 one
23 two
24 three
25 four
26 five ?
27 big
28 long
29 wide
30 thick ?
31 heavy
32 small
33 short
34 narrow
35 thin
36 woman
37 man (adult male) ?
38 man (human being)
39 child
40 wife
41 husband
42 mother
43 father
44 animal ?
45 fish
46 bird
47 dog
48 louse
49 snake
50 worm
51 tree
52 forest
53 stick
54 fruit ?
55 seed
56 leaf
57 root
58 bark (of a tree) ?
59 flower
60 grass
61 rope
62 skin
63 meat
64 blood
65 bone ?
66 fat (noun)
67 egg
68 horn
69 tail
70 feather
71 hair
72 head
73 ear
74 eye
75 nose ?
76 mouth
77 tooth
78 tongue (organ)
79 fingernail
80 foot ?
81 leg
82 knee ?
83 hand
84 wing
85 belly
86 guts
87 neck ?
88 back
89 breast
90 heart
91 liver
92 to drink ?
93 to eat ?
94 to bite ?
95 to suck ?
96 to spit ?
97 to vomit
98 to blow ?
99 to breathe
100 to laugh
101 to see
102 to hear ?
103 to know
104 to think
105 to smell ?
106 to fear ?
107 to sleep ?
108 to live
109 to die
110 to kill ?
111 to fight ?
112 to hunt
113 to hit ?
114 to cut ?
115 to split
116 to stab ?
117 to scratch
118 to dig ?
119 to swim ?
120 to fly ?
121 to walk
122 to come ?
123 to lie (as in a bed) ?
124 to sit ?
125 to stand
126 to turn (intransitive) ?
127 to fall ?
128 to give ?
129 to hold
130 to squeeze
131 to rub ?
132 to wash
133 to wipe (?)
134 to pull ?
135 to push ?
136 to throw
137 to tie
138 to sew ?
139 to count ?
140 to say ?
141 to sing ?
142 to play ?
143 to float
144 to flow ?
145 to freeze
146 to swell
147 sun
148 moon
149 star
150 water
151 rain
152 river
153 lake
154 sea
155 salt
156 stone ?
157 sand
158 dust
159 earth
160 cloud
161 fog
162 sky
163 wind
164 snow
165 ice
166 smoke
167 fire
168 ash
169 to burn ?
170 road ?
171 mountain
172 red
173 green
174 yellow
175 white
176 black
177 night
178 day
179 year
180 warm
181 cold ?
182 full
183 new
184 old
185 good
186 bad
187 rotten
188 dirty
189 straight
190 round
191 sharp (as a knife)
192 dull (as a knife)
193 smooth ?
194 wet
195 dry
196 correct ?
197 near
198 far
199 right
200 left
201 at
202 in
203 with ?....
204 and
205 if
206 because
207 name

See also

External links

  • [Dictionary]

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Appendix:Amharic_Swadesh_list
 



 



 
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