-va
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-v%C3%A1

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Suffix

-vá

  1. (translative case suffix) Forms the translative case indicating a change in state with the general sense of "becoming X" or "change to X".
    ("salt") -> Lót felesége só változott. - Lot's wife turned into salt.
    fia ("his/her son") -> fiá fogad - adopt as one's son

Usage notes

  • (translative case suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -vá is added to back vowel nouns. Final -a changes to -á-.
    kutya ("dog") -> A varázsgy?r? kutyá változtatja az embert. - The enchanted ring transforms people into dogs.
    -vé is added to front vowel nouns. Final -e changes to -é-.
    medve ("bear") -> Héra medvé változtatta Kallisztót. - Hera transformed Callisto into a bear.
  • When it is added to a word ending in a consonant, the v assimilates with the final consonant, and the final consonant becomes long:
    bolond ("fool") +‎ -vá -> Bolond tett engem. - He made a fool out of me (literally, "made me into a fool").
    h?vös ("cold") +‎ -vé -> Az id? h?vös vált. - The weather turned cold (literally, "turned into cold").

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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