-nek
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-nek
See also: nek, nec, neck, and -nék

Hungarian

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
case suffix who(m)? what? this that he/she/it v.pref. cat.
nom. - ki mi ez az ?* / Ø
az / Ø
- -
acc. -t / -ot /
-at/-et/-öt
kit mit ezt azt ?t* / Ø
azt / Ø
- c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele (vele-) c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte - c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá - - c
ter. -ig - meddig eddig addig - - c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként - - c
e-m. -ul / -ül (kiül) (miül) - - - - c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne - c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála - c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -b?l kib?l mib?l ebb?l abból bel?le - c
abl. -ról / -r?l kir?l mir?l err?l arról róla - c
del. -tól / -t?l kit?l mit?l ett?l attól t?le - c
*: ? and ?t normally refer to human beings only.
Forms in parentheses are less commonly used.   All »

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

See -nak.

Suffix

-nek

  1. (case suffix) to, for. Used to form the dative case.
    gyerek ("child") -> Vettem egy játékot a gyereknek. - I bought a toy for the child.
  2. (case suffix) 's, of. Used to form the possessive case from the noun of the possessor, along with the ending -a/-e/-ja/-je added to the possession. Often omitted if the act of possession is not the predicate of the sentence.
  3. as, for (in the function or role specified)
  4. Concessive sense: used to devalue the predicate of the sentence when repeated and followed by a clause that contrasts with or contradicts it. See also -ni.
    Szépnek szép, de nem valami hasznos. - Pretty as it may be, but there's not much use of it.

For more usage examples, see -nak.

Usage notes
  • (case suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nak is added to back vowel words. Final -a changes to -á-.
    házigazda ("host") -> Ajándékot hoztunk a házigazdának. - We brought gifts for the host.
    -nek is added to front vowel words. Final -e changes to -é-.
    gyerek ("child") -> Vettem egy játékot a gyereknek. - I bought a toy for the child.
    körte ("pear") -> A körtének jó íze van. - The pear tastes good. (Literally, "to the pear there is a good flavor".)

See also

Etymology 2

See -nak.

Suffix

-nek

  1. (personal suffix) third-person plural present tense (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation)
    énekel ("sing") -> énekelnek ("they sing, they are singing")
Usage notes
  • (personal suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nak is added to back vowel verbs
    tanul ("study") -> A gyerekek nem tanulnak eleget. - The children are not studying enough.
    -nek is added to front vowel verbs
    énekel ("sing") -> A madarak énekelnek. - The birds are singing.
    -anak is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    tanít ("teach") -> Mire tanítanak minket az állatok? - What do animals teach us?
    -enek is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    fest ("paint") -> A gyerekek festenek. - The children are painting.

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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